Biology
Chapter 3 p.49
CYTOLOGY
“cyto”-
Cell - Basic Unit of Life
A. The Cell Theory states:
1. All living things are made of one
or more cells –
2. Cells are the basic units of
_______ and _______
cells -- ___ -- ___ -- ___ -- ___ ??
Examples of cells:
3. All cells arise from existing cells.
cell union OR cell division -
B. Cell Size – chart p.55
1. small cells function more
efficiently than large cells.
B. Eukaryotic cells –
A. Organelles
1. cell membrane p.60
a. outer boundary
b. selectively permeable
c. phospholipid bilayer (fig. 11)
i. hydrophilic (polar)
ii. Hydrophobic (nonpolar)
2. cytoplasm -
3. Nucleus p.62
4. nuclear envelope-
5. nucleolus-
6. ribosome- p.63
7. Endoplasmic reticuluma. smooth
b. rough
c. vesicle
8. Golgi apparatus- p.64
9. mitochondria- p.65
10. cytoskeleton – p. 59
a. microfilament
b. microtubule
c. intermediate filament
III. Animal Cell
A. Unique Organelles
1. Food Vacuole
2. Lysosome p.64
3. Centriole
IV. Plant Cell
A. Unique Organelles
A plant cell does NOT have a lysosome,
food vacuole, or centrioles…WHY NOT?
Plant Cells
1.cell wall
2. central vacuole:
3. chloroplast -
V. Optional structures of Cells
A. Cilia
B. Flagella
Cell Review
Cell label review
Unitedstreaming Resources
www.unitedstreaming.com
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
"Prokaryotic Cells." Elements of Biology: The Cell: Structure and
Function. United Learning. 20023. “
“Cytoplasm of Plant Cells.” Biology: The Science of Life . United
Learning. 2002
“ Cells: Basic Unit of Life.” Biology: The Science of Life. United
Learning. 2002
“Parts of an Animal Cell.” Introducing the Cell. Rainbow Media. 1997
“ The Electron Microscope. ” The Incredible World of Microscopes.
Rainbow Media. 2001
“The Animal Cell.” Image file. Paul Fuqua. 2002