Follow-up Workshop on
Energy Efficiency and Conservation
November 6-19,2005
Seoul & Yongin, Korea
Organized by
Korea International Cooperation Agency
Korea Energy Management Corporation
Lebanon Country Report
By Eng. Mohammad ALAYA
Outline
• EDL HISTORY
• EDL ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION
• EDL GENERATING UNITS
• EDL TRANSMISSION NETWORK
• EDL SUBSTATIONS
• EDL DISTRIBUTION NETWORK
• PRIVATIZATION PLANS
EDL HISTORY
• July 1954: The “Utility of Electricity an Common Transportation”:
Established to manage the projects regained by the government from
from “Beirut Electrical Company”
• April 1961: A law separating the Common Transportation from the
Electricity was issued: The Lebanese Electrical Utility EDL was
established
EDL ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATION
• Directorate of Generation
• Directorate of Transmission
• Directorate of Distribution in Beirut and Mount Lebanon
• Directorate of Distribution in Bekaa, South and North Lebanon
• Directorate of Equipment
• Directorate of Studies
• Directorate of Administrative Affairs
• Directorate of Financial Affairs
• Directorate of common Affairs
• Auto Control
Energy Current Situation
• Electricity sector constitutes more than half of Energy sector in
lebanon.
• The electicity sector in Lebanon suffers from severe problems:
• High level of non Technical losses.
• Large number of unpaid bills.
• The tremendous increase in the oil prices.
EDL CURRENT SITUATION
• EDL dominates 90% of the electricity sector
• The remaining 10% is distributed between private hydraulic plants
and hydraulic plants managed by the National Office of the Litani
River
• Distribution licenses are given to private companies in four different
towns around Lebanon: Zahle, Jbeil, Aley, and Bhamdoun
• Personnel Number: 3000
• A little more than One Million low tension subscribers .
• Around 3000 Medium Tension subscribers
•Unavailability of sufficient transmission and distribution
infrastructure .
• Israeli air strikes on different substations
• Losses on the distribution network
INSTALLED GENERTING UNITS
• 1016 MW from EDL thermal units (Jieh, Hrayche, and Zouk)
• 10 MW from EDL Hydraulic units (Richmaya)
• 21.2 MW from Kadisha hydraulic units
• 190 MW from Litani hydraulic units
• 44.6 from other hydraulic units
• 140 MW from EDL gas turbine (power plants Baalbek and Tyr)
• 900 MW from EDL gas turbines (power plants Zahrani Beddawi)
Total MW Installed: 2325 MW
INSTALLED POWER PLANTS
Thermal Power Plants in Lebanon
Power Plants
Installed MW
Zouk
607
Hreicheh
70
Jieh
331
Deir Amar
435
Zahrani
435
Tyr
2*35
Baalbeck
2*35
Year
Fuel Type
1984 Heavy Fuel
1983 Heavy Fuel
1972 Heavy Fuel
1997 gasoil/NG
1997 gasoil/NG
1996
Gas oil
1996 Gas oil
Electricity Generation
Production electrique au Liban
10000
million kWh
8000
Hydraulique
6000
Thermique
4000
Syrie
2000
0
1998
1999
2000
Hydraulique
786.1
331.3
448.9
330.67 677.92 1363.5 1121.6
Thermique
7570.2 7854.7
7390
7841.2 8982.4 9184.1
Syrie
653.8
1397
1271.3 531.65
846.3
2001
2002
2003
0
2004
9153
216.23
Thermal Generation in 2004
Production Thermique au Liban
1% 4% 1%
28%
Zouk
Jieh
26%
Zahrani
Deir Amar
Baalbeck
Hreicheh
16%
24%
Tyr
Switching To Natural Gas could be the solution
Conversion to Natural Gas
Lebanese Power Transmission Network
Single Line Diagram of Transmission Network
THE ACTUAL LEBANSE EPS
DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM AND EDL ORGANISATION
Two distribution administrations
- Beirut and mount-Lebanon
- Provinces
The Lebanese regions are fully electrified 100%.
The existing distribution network is at:
20, 15, 11, & 5.5 kV.
The low voltage is 380 V
The introduction of the private sector into electricity
distribution is being planned
Energy Sector Approach
• The Energy Strategy should aim at
satisfying & optimizing the supply/Demand
balance of the various sectors of economy.
• The energy sector encloses all forms of
energies
Energy Policy Objectives
• Improvement of security &reliability of
supply.
• Economic efficiency of energy supply
&use.
• Reducing energy bill
• Protection of environment.
All this within the principles of sustainable
development
Principal Actors
•
•
•
•
•
ELectricite Du Liban
Ministry of Energy and Water
Ministry of Public Work &Transprtation
Ministry of Environment
Lebanese Norms Institute
Particularities of the energy sector
in Lebanon
• Energy import dependency (98%).Mostly fossil fuels
• Natural gas will be the main primary energy to the
thermal electric generation and industry
• Electric connection with Syria (to be extended)
• Limited technologies for generation
• Renewable energies still undeveloped
Recent Developments
• Issuance of a new Privatization law No 228/2000,the
law 462/2002 to organize the electricity sector, the
law 549 related to oil and gas projects…
• Preparation and implementation of a power sector
privatization strategy is in progress for privatization of
generation and distribution activities
• Negotiations are undergoing regarding
implementation of the natural gas pipeline from
Egypt.
• Power interconnections with Egypt, Jordan, Syria to
be completed in 2006.
• Intention of outsourcing Operation and maintenance
of the two CCPP(900 MW”)
• Establishing the Lebanese Center for Energy
Conservation and Planning
Recent Developments
A master plan to develop expansion planning and use of
renewable energy resources to diversify energy supply is
under preparation to meet Government policy objectives
which aims at:
• Improving the efficiency of operations to meet the energy
needs of the country in an economic and environmentally
sustainable manner.
• Diversifying fuel mix and supply resources in the most costeffective way, while improving security of supply and
introducing private sector participation.
• Developing local energy resources including renewable
energy to reduce the importation of energy.
Recommendation
Establish a head of agreement between the Lebanese side and the
Korean side to profit from KEMKO long experience through the
help and support of KOIKA.
The cooperation could be implemented on different levels:
• Training in Energy Audit.
• Drafting Energy Efficiency Standards.
• Promoting Escos(drafting requirements and implementing the
procedures and mechanisms.
• Dispatch Experts from KEMKO to assess the situation in
Lebanon.
• Implement a remote relation via internet to follow up effectively
and at low cost the progress of the project
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Beirut and mount