NAVEDTRA 43904-C
SEABEE
COMBAT
WARFARE
COMMON CORE
Unit 105
HAZMAT/ HAZWASTE/ ENVIRONMENTAL
SAFETY
References
-
OPNAVINST 5100.23G Navy Occupational Safety and Health
(NAVOSH) Program Manual
NAVEDTRA 14233 Navy Construction Force/
Seabee 1&C
NAVEDTRA 14167 Naval Safety Supervisor
OPNAVINST 5100.19D Naval Occupational Safety and Health
(NAVOSH) Program Manual for Forces Afloat
COMFIRSTNCDINST 5100.2B, Naval Construction Force
Occupational Safety and Health Program Manual
OPNAVINST 5090.1B, CH-4, Environmental and Natural
Resource Program Manual
29 CFR Part 1910 General Industry Standards
HAZMAT/ HAZWASTE
• PQS Question 105.1 Describe the difference
between Hazardous Material (HAZMAT) and
Hazardous Waste (HW)
• Reference: NAVEDTRA 14167 [ch. 5, pp. 5-7 thru 5-9]
HAZMAT/ HAZWASTE
HAZARDOUS MATERIAL is a material that is
harmful to the environment such as paint,
cleaners, acids, glues, or other flammables.
HAZWASTE is a product generated from a
process that once completed, the product can
no longer be used to meet it’s original
intended purpose. HAZMAT which has
exceeded it’s shelf-life is considered
HAZWASTE also.
Material Safety Data Sheet
(MSDS)
• PQS Question 105.2 State the purpose and
information contained on the Material Safety
Data Sheet (MSDS)
• Reference: NAVEDTRA 14233 [ch. 7]
NAVEDTRA 14167 [ch. 5]
Material Safety Data Sheet
(MSDS)
• A document generated by the manufacturer of the material that
communicates to the users the chemical, physical, and hazardous
properties of that material.
• In Compliance with OSHA hazard communication, standard key
information includes:
- Name, address, and emergency contact for the manufacturer.
- Physical and Chemical Characteristics.
- Fire and Explosive Hazard Data.
- Reactivity Data.
- Health Hazard Data.
- Precautions for Safe Handling and Use.
- Control Measures.
HAZMAT
Hazard Categories
• PQS Question 105.3 What are the six
categories of HAZMAT
• Reference: NAVEDTRA 14167 [ch. 5, p. 5-7]
6 Types of HAZMAT
•
•
•
•
•
•
1: Flammables and Combustibles (fuels/grease)
2: Aerosols
3: Toxins and Poisonous materials
4: Compressed gases ( acetylene/ oxygen)
5: Oxidizers (bleach/ calcium hypochloride)
6: Corrosives (acids or alkali's)
Storage Procedures
• PQS Question 105.4 Explain the storage
procedures for incompatible materials.
• Reference: OPNAVINST 5100.19D
[ch. C23-4 thru C23-7, appendix. C23-F]
Storage Procedures
• According to the type of HAZMAT, certain storage
procedures must be applied. For example, do not mix
flammable and toxic materials, or flammables and
corrosives together.
• The safest practice concerning hazardous material is to
draw only the amount of material that can be used that day.
Storing hazardous materials on the job site requires the use
of approved containers. These containers must be placed a
minimum of 50 feet away from any ignition device or source.
Plan for the delivery of proper storage equipment before
having hazardous materials delivered to the job site.
Storage Procedures
Spills
• PQS Question 105.5 Explain the general
procedures to be followed when a Hazardous
Material/ Hazardous Waste (HM/HW) spill is
discovered.
• Reference: OPNAVINST 5090.1B CH-4 [ch. 10, pp. 10-10 thru 10-19]
29 CFR Part 1910 [CFR 1910.120]
Spills
•
HAZMAT / HAZWASTE spills:
- The unit must respond immediately with an approved
response team, equipment, and disposal plan. Reports
must be made and tests conducted to ensure no
contamination remains. Disposal of contaminate soils, etc.
must follow strict guidelines.
HAZMAT
PPE
• PQS Question 105.6 State the PPE required
when handling HM/HM at levels A, B, C, D.
• Reference: 29 CFR Part 1910
• [29 CFR 1910.120, app. B]
HAZMAT
PPE
•
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE): Ensure all personnel understand
the following.
- What hazard materials are present.
- What dangers they present when exposed to personnel and
equipment.
- What PPE is required for protection from each specific danger.
- What training is required for proper use of PPE.
- Ensure proper training is documented.
- Ensure training includes the issue, use, and maintenance of PPE in
routine and non-routine use of hazardous materials.
- Ensure comprehensive risk assessments are conducted at all job sites
and work areas.
Classification Codes
•
PQS Question 105.7 What are the 9
different Hazard Classification codes?
Classification Codes
• Class 1: Explosives
Classification Codes
• Class 2: Gases
Classification Codes
• Class 3: Flammable Liquids
Classification Codes
• Class 4: Flammable Solids
Classification Codes
• Class 5: Oxidizing Agents and Organic Peroxides
Classification Codes
• Class 6: Toxic and Infections Substances
Classification Codes
• Class 7: Radioactive Substances
Classification Codes
• Class 8: Corrosive Substances
Classification Codes
• Class 9: Miscellaneous
Secondary
Labeling
• PQS Question 105.8 Describe the purpose
of secondary labeling of HAZMAT when
removed from the original container.
• Reference: NAVEDTRA 14233 [Ch. 7]
Secondary
Labeling
• Labeling and marking of containers: The name of the manufacturer and
the organization receiving, sending, using, or transferring the material to
other containers.
• Example. A two quart can filled with oil from the lube rack must have a
label on it specifying what type of HM is in the can, the name of the
manufacturer, and nature of the hazard.
• Identify reference sources for use in verifying label and marking
requirements and provide recommendations, training guidelines, and
procedures for labeling and marking all containers including tanks,
pipes, and secondary containers.
• Provide consultation on the identification of HM, the labeling and
marking of HM containers for special applications or conditions of use,
and for HM produced or manufactured locally by the activity.
Secondary
Labeling
Terminology
• PQS Question 105.9 Define the following terms:
• Hazardous Material Minimization Center [OPNAVINST
5100.19D, Ch. C2303]
• Consolidated Hazardous Material Reutilization and
Inventory Management Program (CHRIMP)
[OPNAVINST 5090.1B, ch. 3]
• Hazardous Materials Inventory Control System (HICS)
[OPNAVINST 5090.1B, ch. 3]
Terminology
•
HAZMINCEN ( Hazardous Minimization Center):
- Issues receives, prepares for disposal, and stores excess stock of HM.
• CHRIMP ( Consolidated Hazardous Material Reutilization Inventory
Management Program ):
- Tracks, bar codes, and creates requisitions for HM.
• HICS ( Hazardous Inventory Control System ):
- Prepares reports for administration purposes of the HM inventory. A
combined program with CHRIMP.
- Both CHRIMP and HICS are being replaced with Hazardous
Substance Management System (HSMS). This program provides the
same functions.
Spill
Containment
• PQS Question 105.10 Discuss the aspects of
portable containment of oil spills on water.
• Reference: NAVEDTRA 14233 [ch. 7]
Spill
Containment
• Portable containment of oil spills on water: Boom of spills has proven to
be an effective method of containing spills of liquids on relatively calm
and current free waters. Because of ecological considerations, booming
has become an important means of containing oil spills, even though
more effective equipment is now available.
• Following confinement of oil spills on water, various methods of
removing the confined liquids have been used.
- Absorbents, such as straw, plastics, sawdust, and peat moss are
spread on the surface of the spill and then collected and burned on
shore.
- Skimming devices operate on a different principle and must include
pumps and separators. Skimmers scoop up the oil and water and send
them through an oil separator and rollers to which only the oil adheres.
The oil is then removed by scraping and compression.
Important
HAZMAT Items
•
PQS Question 105.11 Discuss the
following:
a. Oil spills
b. Grubbing operations
c. Asbestos
d. Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCB)
Reference: NAVEDTRA 14233 [ch. 7]
Oil Spills
• Small spills in areas with shallow groundwater table or
where contained by natural barriers can be immediately
remedied.
• Interceptor Trench.
• Stripping and replacing of contaminated soil.
Grubbing
Operations
• Large scale clearing in initial stages of a project can produce damaging
side effects:
- Increased soil erosion.
- Reduction of atmospheric oxygen.
- Destruction of wildlife habitat.
•
Preventative Measures:
- Save as much vegetation as possible.
- Construct a shallow trench around the project.
- Burn only when necessary.
Asbestos
• Fibrous material used extensively from the 1930’s to the
1960’s. It is a known carcinogen. Hazardous when airborne
and inhaled. Symptoms don’t occur until years later.
• Covered by OPNAVINST 5100.23.
• As a rule, NCF does NOT do asbestos work.
Polychlorinated
Biphenyl's (PCB’s)
• Group of toxic chemicals used extensively as insulators and
coolers in electrical equipment, especially transformers.
• Causes irritation to eyes, skin, and lungs, also suspected of
causing cancer.
• Regulated beginning with the Toxic Substances Control Act
in 1977.
Download

PPT: Common Core 105 Hazmat