An Overview of TBM Tunnelling
in Turkey and Middle East
Özgür Savaş Özüdoğru
E-Berk Tunnelling & Foundation Tech.
21.08.2012
Colorado School of Mines
CONTENTS
•
•
•
•
•
A quick overview of E-Berk
Project details in Turkey
Upcoming projects in Turkey
Project details in the Middle East
Selected planned major tunnelling projects in the
M.E.
• Selected major tunnelling projects under way in
the M.E.
• Conclusion
A Quick Overview of E-Berk
• Founded in 2002 as subsidiary of Ozudogru Group of
Companies.
• Located in Ankara with 8000 m² manufacturing and heat
treating closed facility.
• Offices are located in Istanbul, England and Qatar (from
October 2012).
• All kind of TBM cutters has been producing such as cutter
ring, single and double disc cutter, ripper, bucket, knife and
any kind of cutter with tungsten carbide.
• Cutterhead modification, TBM overhaul and site assembly.
• 20 projects has been finished in Turkey and exports increased
to 12 different countries such as Russia, Poland, India,
Bulgaria, Saudi Arabia, Azerbaijan, Australia, Israel, and so
on.
Metro transportation is an indispensible issue
for solving traffic problem for metropolitan
areas. Therefore, every year metropolitan
municipalities spend a lot of money for metro
tunnel construction from their budget. For
example, Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality
(IMM) has been spending approximately 45 %
of its investment budget for metro and
transportation projects in last year's.
Depending on the ratio of the population of
human beings, clean water supply and
waste water disposal projects is becoming
more importance. Within this scope, General
Directorate of State Hydraulic Works has
also been spending approximately 20 %
of its investment budget which is about 1
billion USD to clean and waste water tunnel
project.
PROJECT DETAILS IN TURKEY
ANADOLU RAY – Kadikoy Kartal
Metro Project
Location: İstanbul, TURKEY
Contractor: YAPI MERKEZI-DOGUSYUKSEL-YENIGUN Joint Venture
Lenght of Tunnel: 12331 m
Type of TBM: Herrenknecht EPB
Diameter of TBM: 6,57 m
Number of Cutter Disc in Cutterhead:
26 single cutter disc
6 double cutter disc
Ground Condition:
Clay, sand, gravel deposit,
shale,limestone, fault
Single Disc
Cutter
Cutter Ring
Hub
Shaft
Twin Disc Cutter Cutting Knife
DSI Blue Tunnel Project
(Turkish Republic Ministry of Environment and Forestry)
Location: Konya, Turkey
Contractor: İLCİ Joint Venture
Lenght of Tunnel: 17034 m
Type of TBM: SELI Double Shield
Diameter of TBM: 4,2 m
Removable
SingleDisc
Scraper Scraper Support
Wedge
Wedge Type
Twin Disc
ISKI Istanbul European Side 2nd Part
Waste Water Tunnel Project
Location: Silivri- İstanbul, Turkey
Contractor:NAS INS.
Lenght of Tunnel: 8674 m
Type of TBM: Herrenknecht EPB
Diameter of TBM: 3,82 m
Double Disc
Cutter
Scraper Knife
Bucket
Housing
Chisel
Single Disc
Cutter
ISKI Istanbul European Side 3th Part
Sea Water Tunnel Project
Location: Cayırbasi Ayazaga, Turkey
Contractor:DEPAR INS.
Lenght of Tunnel: 5000 m
Type of TBM: Herrenknecht Hardrock TBM
Diameter of TBM: 3120 m
Over Cutter
Scraper Bucket
Disc Cutter
Bucket
ISKI İstanbul European Side 4th Part
Waste Water Tunnel Project
Location: Istanbul European Side
İLCİ OZGUN Joint Venture
Lenght of Tunnel: 9254 m
Type of TBM: Herrenknecht EPB
Diameter of TBM: 4,6 m
Twin Ripper
Twin Disc
Cutter
Double Disc TBM Backup Equipments
Knife
Istanbul BASAKSEHIR-IKITELLI Metro
Project
Location: Istanbul GULERMAK-DOGUS
Joint Venture
Lenght of Tunnel: 5350 m
Type of TBM: 2 LOVAT EPB,
1 Herrenknecht EPB
Diameter of TBM: Each 6.5 m
Twin Ripper
Twin Disc
Cutter
Single Disc
TBM Backup Equipments
Knife
General layout of ongoing metro projects in Istanbul
Istanbul OTOGAR-KIRAZLI Metro
Project
Location: Istanbul GULERMAK-DOGUS
Joint Venture
Lenght of Tunnel: 5500 m
Type of TBM: 1 Herrenknecht EPB
1 Lovat EPB
Diameter of TBM: Each 6.5 m
Twin Ripper
Twin Disc
Cutter
Single Disc
TBM Backup Equipments
Knife
Istanbul MARMARAY Project
Location: Istanbul TAISEI-GAMA-NUROL
Joint Venture
Lenght of Tunnel: 9360 m
Type of TBM: 2 HITACHI ZOHEN,
1 JTSC EPB
Diameter of TBM: Each 7.0 m
Single Disc Type 1
Single Disc Type 2
MELEN Project - Istanbul
Location: Istanbul,
Mosmetrostroy, Engeocom,
Alke and STFA Joint Venture
Lenght of Tunnel: 5500 m
Type of TBM:Herrenknecht EPB
Diameter of TBM: 6.15 m
Twin Disc Cutter
Single Disc
Scraper Bucket
Istanbul-Ankara High Speed Rail
Project, Kosekoy Tunnel
Location: Bilecik-Kosekoy,
Cengiz, Ictas, Belen Joint Venture
Lenght of Tunnel: 6100 m
Type of TBM:Herrenknecht
Single Shiled
Diameter of TBM: 13.77 m
Double Disc
Cutter
Scraper Knife
Bucket
Housing
Twin Disc Single Disc
Cutter
Cutter
ANKARA WATER II. MERHALE
PROJECT-GEREDE
Location: Gerede, Kolin
Limak Joint Venture
Lenght of Tunnel: 31600 m
Type of TBM: 3 Herrenknecht
Double Shiled
Diameter of TBM: 5.40 m
Twin Disc
Cutter
Bucket
Single Disc
Cutter
ISTANBUL METRO PROJECT,
USKUDAR-UMRANIYE
Location: Istanbul, Dogus Const.
Lenght of Tunnel: 22100 m by
TBMs, 18700 m by NATM
Type of TBM: 3 Herrenknecht
Double Shiled
Diameter of TBM: 6.30 m
Double Disc
Cutter
Scraper Knife
Bucket
Housing
Twin Disc Single Disc
Cutter
Cutter
SURUC TUNNEL PROJECT
Location: Sanliurfa, Ilci Const.
Lenght of Tunnel: 17185 m
Type of TBM: SELI Double Shiled
Diameter of TBM: 7.80 m
Double Disc
Cutter
Scraper Knife
Bucket
Housing
Twin Disc Single Disc
Cutter
Cutter
ANKARA METRO PROJECTS
Under construction metro projects
• Ankara Metro (M2, Kizilay-Çayyolu)
- 16.6 km total length, 3.7 km by TBM and 2.9
km by NATM.
• Ankara Metro (M3, Batikent-Torekent)
- 16 km total length, 2 km by TBM and 6.6 km
by cut and cover.
• Ankara Metro (M4, Tandoğan-Kecioren)
- 9.2 km total length, 4.2 km by TBM and 3 km
by NATM.
KARGI HEP PROJECT
Location: Kargi-Corum, Gulermak
Heavy Ind.Co.
Lenght of Tunnel: 11800 m
Type of TBM: Robbins Double
Shiled
Diameter of TBM: 10.00 m
Twin Disc
Cutter
Single Disc
Cutter
Scrapper
YAMANLI HEPP PROJECT
Location: Adana, EnerjiSa-NTF
Const.
Lenght of Tunnel: 7900 m
Type of TBM: Robbins Double
Shiled
Diameter of TBM: 4.40 m
Double Disc
Cutter
Scrapper
Twin Disc
Cutter
Single Disc
Cutter
DOGANCAY HEP PROJECT
Location: Adana, EnerjiSa
Atac,Hinteregger Joint Venture
Lenght of Tunnel: 6900 m
Type of TBM: Herrenknecht Double
Shiled
Diameter of TBM: 4.20 m
Double Disc
Cutter
Bucket
Twin Disc
Cutter
Single Disc
Cutter
KARAKUZ DAM and HEP PROJECT
Location: Adana, Alarko-Altek
Const.
Lenght of Tunnel: 11000 m
Type of TBM: 2 CAT Double
Shiled
Diameter of TBM: 3.00 m
Double Disc
Cutter
Bucket
Twin Disc
Cutter
Single Disc
Cutter
UPCOMING PROJECTS
•
-
OVIT Tunnel Project;
City : Rize
Contractor : Makyol Const.
Length : 30 km (2 x 15 km)
Diameter : 12.50 m excavation
Machine Type : 2 Gripper TBM
1850 m Raise Boring with 6 m diameter for
ventilation shafts
•
-
Silvan Tunnel Project;
City : Diyarbakır
Contractor : Yertas, Kayaoglu Joint Venture
Length : 20.5 km (2 x 10.25 km)
Diameter : 7.9 m excavation
Machine Type : Double Shield TBM (Herrenknecht)
•
-
Babakaya Tunnel Project;
City : Diyarbakır
Contractor : Unal Akpınar Const.
Length : 10.4 km (2 x 5.2 km)
Diameter : 7.9 m diameter
Machine Type : Double Shield TBM (CAT)
•
-
Beylerbeyi Wastewater Tunnel Project,
City : Istanbul
Contractor : Unal Akpinar Const.
Length : 4680 m
Diameter : 3.2 m excavation
Machine Type : Single shiled
•
-
Zeytinburnu Wastewater Tunnel Project,
City : Istanbul
Contractor : Unal Akpinar Const.
Length : 4500 m
Diameter : 3.2 m excavation
Machine Type : EPB
• Dogancay Tunnel Project (Ankara-Istanbul High
Speed Rail Project);
- City : Bilecik (Vezirhan-Kosekoy)
- Length : 7.4 km
- Diameter : 13.80 m excavation
- Machine Type : EPB (expected)
•
-
Bagbası Tunnel Project;
City : Konya
Contractor : Ilci Constr.
Length : 18 km
Diameter : 5.2 m excavation
Machine Type : Double shiled TBM
• Bosphorus Crossing Tunnel Project;
- City : Istanbul, under the bosphorus
- Contractor : Yapi Merkezi and SKEC-SamwhanHansin-Namkwang-Kukdong Joint Venture
- Length : 3.34 km
- Diameter : 13.70 m excavation
- Machine Type : Herrenknecht Slurry TBM
PROJECT DETAILS IN MIDDLE EAST
As it is know that the Middle East market has quite
big value of construction industry. About 80 per
cent of the projects involving tunnelling are in the
transport sector, including metro schemes in Cairo,
Abu Dhabi, Baku, Tehran,Tel Aviv, Doha, Riyadh
and Kuwait. Urban transport projects often for
tunnelling as underground lines minimise disruption to
the existing buildings and infrastructure of cities.
More than $279 bn-worth of projects with a tunnelling
element are currently planned or under way in the
Middle East.
With $76.2bn of new projects and extensions to
existing lines planned in the Gulf and North
Africa, the urban rail sector is set to offer
significant opportunities for contractors in the
region.
If we have a look at tunnelling industry, we have
seen that there are many projects which are under
way and planning to built.
Selected Planned Major
Tunnelling Projects
• Kuwait Metro Project,
 Sector: Rail
 Cost : 7 billion USD
 Scope : 160km metro network
 Client : Partnerships Technical Bureau
 Country : Kuwait
 Expected Tunnelling : TBM
 Tender Issue Date: Jul-12
• Inner Doha Resewerage Scheme,
 Sector : Water
 Cost : 2,5 billion USD
 Scope : Interceptor tunnel
 Client : Public Works Authority (Ashghal)
 Country : Qatar
 Expected Tunnelling : TBM
 Tender Issue Date : Dec-12
• King Faisal Tunnel,
 Sector: Road
 Cost : 500 million USD
 Scope : 2.5km underpass beneath King
Faisal highway
 Client : Ministry of Public Works
 Country: Bahrain
 Estimated Tunnelling : Cut and cover
 Tender Issue Date : Jan-13
• Etihad Rail Phase 3,
 Sector : Rail
 Cost : 2,5 billion USD
 Scope : Final section of 1,200km network to
Fujairah and Oman border
 Client: Etihad Rail
 Country: UAE
 Estimated Tunnelling: Drill and blast
 Tender Issue Date: Jan-13
• Oman National Railway,
 Sector : Rail
 Cost: 2,5 billion USD
 Scope : 1,370km network, starting with
230km line from Muscat to Sohar
 Client: Ministry of Transport
 Country: Oman
 Estimated Tunnelling : Drill and blast
 Tender Issue Date : Apr-13
• Mecca-Taif Road Tunnel,
 Sector : Road
 Cost : 533 million USD
 Scope : 11km road tunnel
 Client : Al-Tareek Investment & Development
Company
 Country : Saudi Arabia
 Estimated Tunnelling : Cut and cover
 Tender Issue Date : Apr-13
• Abu Dhabi Metro,
 Sector : Rail
 Cost : 7 billion USD
 Scope : 131km network under Abu Dhabi,
mainly tunnelled
 Client : Ministry of Transport
 Country : UAE
 Estimated Tunnelling : TBM
 Tender Issue Date : Jun-13
• Cairo Metro Line 4 ,
 Sector : Rail
 Cost : 2,6 billion USD
 Scope : 24km metro linking Giza and Grand
Museum to city centre
 Client : National Authority for Tunnelling
 Country : Egypt
 Estimated Tunnelling : TBM
 Tender Issue Date : Aug-13
• Cairo Metro Line 3 Phase 3 ,
 Sector : Rail
 Cost : 1 billion USD
 Scope : 16.6km, mainly underground,
extending current Line 3
 Client : National Authority for Tunnelling
 Country : Egypt
 Estimated Tunnelling : TBM
 Tender Issue Date : Third quarter 2012
• Baghdad Metro Project,
 Sector : Rail
 Cost : 3 billion USD
 Scope : 39km city centre metro network
 Client : Baghdad Municipality
 Country : Iraq
 Estimated Tunnelling : TBM
 Tender Issue Date : Dec-13
• Tehran Metro Lines 8,9 and Express Lines,
 Sector : Rail
 Cost : 10 billion USD
 Scope : 179km expansion of existing system
by 2025
 Client : Tehran Metro Company
 Country : Iran
 Estimated Tunnelling : TBM
 Tender Issue Date : First quarter 2018
• Al-Hayer Wastewater Project,
 Sector : Water
 Cost : 100 million USD
 Scope : Two 37km 3,000mm wastewater
tunnels
 Client : National Water Company
 Country : Saudi Arabia
 Estimated Tunnelling : TBM
 Tender Issue Date : Bids under evaluation
Selected Major Tunnelling
Projects Under Way
• Abu Dhabi Road Tunnels Project,
 Sector : Road
 Cost : 817 million USD
 Scope : Three road tunnels and two flyovers
improving road access to Port Zayed
 Status : Under construction
 Country : UAE
 Client : Abu Dhabi Municipality
 Proposed Completion Date : May-12
• Qatar Education City Utilities Tunnel,
 Sector : Water
 Cost : 184 million USD
 Scope : 9km utility tunnel for Education City
services
 Status: Under construction
 County : Qatar
 Client :Qatar Foundation
 Proposed Completion Date : May-12
• Dammam University Tunnel Project,
 Sector : Road
 Cost : 66 million USD
 Scope : 30km connection between university
and hospital
 Status : Under construction
 Country : Saudi Arabia
 Client : Ministry of Higher Education
 Proposed Completion Date : Oct-13
• Riyadh Road Tunnels,
 Sector : Road
 Cost : 55 million USD
 Scope : Two road tunnels in Riyadh
 Status : Under construction
 Country : Saudi Arabia
 Client : Riyadh Municipality
 Proposed Completion Date : Apr-14
• Muharraq Wastewater Treatment Project,
 Sector : Water
 Cost : 250 million USD
 Scope : New facility including 20.9km gravity
sewer
 Status : Under construction
 Country : Bahrain
 Client : Muharraq STP Company
 Proposed Completion Date : Oct-14
• Abu Dhabi Step,
 Sector : Water
 Cost : 1,6 billion USD
 Scope : 41km water storage tunnel
 Status: Under construction under three
tunnelling packages
 Country : UAE
 Client : Abu Dhabi Sewerage Services Co.
 Proposed Completion Date : Dec 2014
• Etihad Rail Project,
 Sector : Rail
 Cost : 11 billion USD
 Scope : 1,200km network including six
tunnels
 Status : Phase 1 under construction
 Country : UAE
 Client : Etihad Rail
 Proposed Completion Date : Jan-18
• Azer Korpu Baku Metro Project,
 Sector : Rail
 Cost : 600 million USD
 Scope : Under Construction, 12200 m length in
total with 6.5 m 2 EPB (1 Herrenknecht, 1
Robbins)
 Country : Azerbaijan
 Proposed Completion Date : 2015
• Tel Aviv – Jeruselam High Speed Rail Project,
 Sector : Rail
 Scope : Under construction, 21000 m length in
total, 1 Herrenknecht EPB and 2 double shiled
with 10.3 m diameter.
 City : Tel Aviv
 Proposed Completion Date : 2015
• Tel Aviv Metro Project,
 Sector : Rail
 Cost : 12 billion USD
 Scope : Under construction, 23 km Red Line
with 6.5 m diameter, 35 km Green Line with 6.5
m diameter
 Country : Israel
 Client : Metropolitan Mass Transit System Ltd.
 Proposed Completion Date : 2017
CONCLUSION
According to growing population and increasing economic
opportunities in rapidly developing countries, especially
infrastructure investments in are gaining more and more
importance.
In this context, local administrations have been planing to
invest more for metro, rail, road, clean and waste water
tunnel projects as it is seens in this presentation.
As one of the companies that related in TBM industry , we
would like to be also one of the solution partners for each
single project.
ANY QUESTION ???
THANK YOU
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