of 25 October 2011
on the provision of food information to consumers, amending
Regulations (EC) No 1924/2006 and (EC) No 1925/2006 of the
European Parliament and of the Council, and repealing
Commission Directive 87/250/EEC, Council Directive
90/496/EEC, Commission Directive 1999/10/EC, Directive
2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council,
Commission Directives 2002/67/EC and 2008/5/EC and
Commission Regulation (EC) No 608/2004
European Food Information for Consumers
Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011
• Brings together general food labelling and nutrition
labelling into one piece of legislation.
• Published in November 2011 – transition to the
new labelling began.
• Most of the general labelling requirements apply
from 13 December 2014, with mandatory nutrition
declarations needed for most prepacked foods
from 13 December 2016.
Basic Principles
• High level of protection for consumers’ health &
• Assist in the free movement of foodstuffs – EU
Internal Market
• Food information should not be misleading and
should be provided in a clear, accurate and easy
to understand format so the consumer can make
‘informed’ choices
Article 1- Scope
• Covers business operators at all stages of
food chain concerning provision of information
to consumers:
• Food intended for the final consumer
• Foods delivered by mass caterers
• Foods intended for supply to mass
• Also applies to catering services provided by
transport leaving from the EU Member States
• airline catering
Definition of food information
information concerning a food and made available
to the final consumer by means of:
• a label,
• other accompanying material,
• or any other means including modern
technology tools or verbal communication.
List of mandatory particulars
name of the food*
list of ingredients
‘allergens’ as listed in Annex II
quantity of certain ingredients or category of
e. net quantity of the food*
f. date of minimum durability or "use by" date
g. any special storage conditions and/or conditions
of use
h. name or business name and address of the food
business operator
List of mandatory particulars
country of origin or place of provenance (where
provided for in Article 26)
j. instructions for use where it would be difficult to
make appropriate use of the food in the absence
of such instructions
k. alcoholic strength by volume for beverages
containing more than 1.2 % by volume of alcohol*
l. nutrition declaration
Legibility – minimum font size
• Most frequent consumer complaint: small print on
• minimum font size
– 1.2 mm (“x-height”)
– 0.9 mm largest surface < 80 cm²
• Commission expected to introduce rules - on other
aspects - for legibility
Additional mandatory information
Substances causing allergies or intolerances:
• No change in the list of 14 substances or products
causing allergies or intolerances (Annex II).
• Allergens must be indicated in the list of
ingredients with a clear reference to the name of
the substance or product.
• In the absence of a list of ingredients, the
presence of any allergens must be indicated by
use of the word ‘contains’ followed by the name of
the substance.
• The declaration of allergens is not required where
the name of the food clearly refers to the
Additional mandatory information
Substances causing allergies or intolerances:
– The name of the substance as listed in Annex II
must be emphasised through a typeset that
clearly distinguishes it from the rest of the list of
ingredients, for example by means of the FONT,
style or colour.
INGREDIENTS: Wheat flour, water, eggs, vinegar,….
What’s on a label? –prepacked food
EU list of allergens
EU 1169/2011
Clear reference to the allergen
Name of the allergen next to the
Highlight allergens in the ingredient
Omission of ingredients list where the
name of food refers to allergen
Declare allergen in the absence of an
ingredients list
Use of allergy boxes
Minimum font size (1.2mm)
Allergen information for foods sold
Article 44(1) – national measures
for non-prepacked foods
• Where foods are offered to sale to the final consumer
or to mass caterers without prepackaging, or where
foods are packed on the sales premises at the
consumer’s request or prepacked for direct sale, the
provision of the information about allergenic
ingredients is mandatory
Interpreting the provisions for
non-prepacked foods
Article 44 – national measures for non-prepacked
• Provision of information on Annex II allergens used in
• Marked in a conspicuous place, easy visible, clear
and legible
• Oral provision also permitted, provided the FBO
indicates clearly that such information can be obtained
upon request. Any information provided needs to be
consistent and verifiable
Non-prepacked food
The allergenic ingredient must be declared.
Can use a contains statement
e.g. Timpana–Contains: milk, wheat, eggs, celery.
Consider accessibility of allergen information. Signposting
to where information could be found when it is not
provided written and upfront.
Information and signposting should be where consumer
would expect to find allergen information e.g on menu
board, at till or on the menu card.
Food Allergies & Intolerances
Before you order please speak to one of our staff
if you have a food allergy or intolerance
Communication is key
Accuracy is dependent on correct labelling, updating
information, staff and consumers.
Regularly review the ingredients information.
When ingredients or suppliers change, review the accuracy
of the information.
Do garnishes or dressings change the allergenic profile?
Additional mandatory information
• Nano – ingredients
– All ingredients present in the form of
engineered nanomaterials shall be clearly
indicated in the list of ingredients. The names
of such ingredients shall be followed by the
word "nano" in brackets.
Additional mandatory information
“contains a source of phenylalanine”
if aspartame/aspartame-acesulfame salt is designated in
the list of ingredients by its specific name.
“contains aspartame (a source of phenylalanine)”
if aspartame/aspartame- acesulfame salt is designated
in the list of ingredients only by the E number.
Additional mandatory information
Beverages with caffeine content > 150 mg/l
(other than coffee or tea) must be labelled
"High caffeine content. Not recommended for
children or pregnant or breast-feeding women" and
quote the actual caffeine content in mg per 100ml.
Foods other than beverages, where caffeine is
added with a physiological purpose
"Contains caffeine. Not recommended for children
or pregnant women" and quote the actual caffeine
content in mg per 100ml.
Nutrition information
• At the moment, foods and drinks do not have to
provide nutrition information on pack (unless they
make a nutrition or health claim about the product
or vitamins and/or minerals have been added to
the food).
• However, nutrition information will become
compulsory in the near future and there will be
some small changes to the format required.
Nutritional Declaration
The mandatory nutrition declaration shall include the
(a) energy value (in kJ and kcal) and
(b) fat, saturates, carbohydrate, sugars, protein
and salt * (expressed in g)
* salt = salt equivalent = sodium × 2,5
Where appropriate, a statement indicating that the salt
content is exclusively due to the presence of naturally
occurring sodium may appear close to the
nutrition declaration.
Current back of pack format
New back of pack format
• The content of the mandatory nutrition declaration may be
supplemented with an indication of the amounts of one or
more of the following:
– (a) mono-unsaturates;
– (b) polyunsaturates;
– (c) polyols;
– (d) starch;
– (e) fibre;
– (f) vitamins or minerals present in significant amounts.
Exemptions from mandatory nutritional
• Foods listed in Annex V
• Packaging or containers the largest surface of which
has an area of less than 25 cm²
• Beverages containing > 1.2 % of alcohol
• Commission will report by Dec 2014 on whether
alcoholic beverages should in the future bear a list of
ingredients and a nutrition declaration.
Front Of Pack nutrition labelling
Designed to combine ‘Traffic Light’ and Reference
Intake information
Mandatory origin declaration
• where failure to indicate this might mislead the consumer as to
the true country of origin or place of provenance of the food.
• for meat falling within the Combined Nomenclature (‘CN’) codes
(Annex IV) – this means fresh or frozen pork, lamb, goat meat
and poultry are now the subject of Commission Implementing
• Also mandatory for
• Virgin olive oils
• Honey
• Fish
• Poultry meat imported from third countries
December 2013 – New implementing rules on the
mandatory origin labelling of unprocessed meat from
sheep, goats, pigs and poultry.
December 2013 – Commission reported on the
economic impacts of extending mandatory origin
labelling of all types of meat used as an ingredient in
By December 2014 the Commission must provide
reports, based on FIC, on possible extension of
mandatory origin labelling to:
- other unprocessed meats not already covered by
mandatory origin labelling rules such as horse,
rabbit, game meat;
- milk;
- milk as an ingredient in dairy products;
- single ingredient foods;
- unprocessed foods;
- ingredients representing > 50% of a food.
Quantitative Indications
• When the ingredient
– appears in the name of the food or is
usually associated with that name by the
– is emphasised on the labelling in words,
pictures or graphics; or
– is essential to characterise a food and to
distinguish it from products with which it
might be confused because of its name or
Distance selling
• In the case of foods offered for sale by means of
distance communication, mandatory food information
to be available before purchase is concluded and to
appear on the material supporting the distance selling
or be provided through other appropriate means
clearly identified by the food business operator
• All mandatory information to be available at the
moment of delivery
Food Information (Scotland) Regulations 2014
Regulations needed to:
• Enforce the EU rules in Scotland
• Take up derogations and flexibilities available in the EU rules
• Revoke the current food labelling legislation
a) impact on nutrition declarations
b) impact on existing national measures
• Supported by
a) Guidance
b) Business and Regulatory Impact Assessment
c) On line training resource for enforcement officers
Food Information (Scotland) Regulations 2014
• National measure for milk or milk products presented in glass
bottles intended for reuse – otherwise nutrition information
• Doorstep delivery of milk makes up a small share of the market
• Majority still use returnable glass bottles
Food Information (Scotland) Regulations 2014
• National measure to introduce a national mark to allow minced
meat with a higher proportion of fat and collagen than the
compositional requirements in the EU Regulation.
 For UK Market
1. Composition criteria checked on the basis of a daily average:
Fat content
Collagen/meat protein ratio ( 1 )
Lean minced meat
Minced pure beef
≤ 20 %
≤ 12 %
≤ 15 %
Minced meat containing pigmeat
≤ 30 %
≤ 18 %
Minced meat of other species
≤ 25 %
≤ 15 %
Labelling statements:
‘percentage of fat content under …’,
‘collagen/meat protein ratio under …’
Food Information (Scotland) Regulations 2014
National Measures
• Introduce a national measure to retain the requirement to
provide Quantitative Indication on the meat content of meat
products sold non-prepacked.
Food Information (Scotland) Regulations 2014
National Measures
• Introduce a national measure to require additional mandatory
particulars in relation to the name of the food for non-prepacked
food. This may include any or all of the mandatory particulars
accompanying the name of the food in the EU Regulation.
Food Information (Scotland) Regulations 2014
Other National Measures in the Food Labelling Regulations
• Compositional requirements for traditional cheeses & cream
• Definitions for ‘ice cream’ and ‘dairy ice cream’
• Definitions and terms of use for ‘low alcohol’, ‘alcohol free’,
‘dealcoholised’ and ‘non-alcoholic
• Exemption from ingredients listing for flour ending.
European Food Information for Consumers
EU Regulation published in OJ
Date 22 November 2011
FIC came into force
13 December 2011
Foods voluntarily using new nutrition declaration can be sold (Food Labelling
Regs 1996 require amendment)
13 December 2011
General labelling rules apply
13 December 2014
Current legislation (including 2000/13 and 90/496) repealed:
13 December 2014
Foods on the market or labelled prior to 13 December 2014 can be sold until
Food stocks are exhausted
Foods bearing a nutrition declaration on a voluntary basis must comply with the
requirements of the FIC from:
13 December 2014
Nutrition labelling required for most prepacked foods
13 December 2016
Foods on the market or labelled prior to 13 December 2016, without a nutrition
declaration can be sold until
Food stocks are exhausted
Sources of information
European Commission (FIC Regulation and Commission Q & A)
Nutrition Labelling Guidance
On line training
Food allergy / intolerance
British Retail Consortium (Guidance on food allergens)
FSA advice
FSA allergy pages for tools, advice and guidance:
Allergy E-learning
Consumer advice
EU Food Information for Consumers Regulation
Russell Napier
Standards and Labelling Team
Regulatory Policy Branch
Food Standards Agency in Scotland
[email protected]

Labelling Workshop: Food Standards Agency by Russell Napier