6th NIGERIA INTERNATIONAL MARITIME PORTS &
TERMINALS EXPO AND CONFERENCE
Achieving the Nigeria Single Window Vision
Feasibility Study Report Summary
NIMPORT 2013 - August 29th, 2013
This is a confidential document intended for the use and information of the client to whom it is addressed and implementing partners
THE CHALLENGE
The current international trade environment involves complex
international trade processes with disparate systems…
Each international trade transaction requires an average of 40 documents of 200 data elements,
with 15% repeated at least 30 times and 60-70% repeated more than once. (UNCTAD)
SINGLE WINDOW BACKGROUND
Single Window is defined by the UN and WCO as…
THE SOLUTION
The Optimum Goal of Single Window is to create an integrated
workspace of data and business processes for all trade
related activities and stakeholders, with the trader at the core.
… delivering a one stop shop for traders whilst creating a
customer-centric Service environment
THE SCOPE
The UN/CEFACT Buy Ship Pay model helps illustrates the integration and optimisation of
processes, documents and data elements across the International Trade Supply Chain
UN/CEFACT Buy Ship pay model at core of system
providing a seamless environment for the trader…
Buy
Prepare
for export
Ship/Deliver
Export
Transport
Pay
Prepare
for import
Import
INVOLVING
Commercial
Procedures
• Establish Sales
Contacts
• Order Goods or
Services
• Advice on Delivery
• Request Payment
Transport Procedures
• Establish Transport
Contract
• Collect, Move and
Deliver Goods
• Provide Waybills,
Goods Receipts,
Status Reports, Etc.
Regulatory Procedures
Financial Procedures
• Obtain Import/Export
Licenses etc.
• Provide Customs
Declarations
• Provide Cargo
Declaration
• Apply Trade Security
Procedures
• Clear Goods for
Export/Import
• Provide Credit Rating
• Provide Insurance
• Provide Credit
• Execute Payment
• Issue Statement
A HOLISTIC APPROACH
To achieve the aims of a Single Window environment, a robust integrated, holistic,
multi-phased approach is essential to realising the shared values of all
stakeholders, focussing on the 4Ps –PEOPLE; PROCESSES; PLATFORM & POLICY
CHANGE MANAGEMENT
Managing Implementation
Planning
Defining Stakeholders &
Responsibilities
Training
Establishing a Legal
Framework
Defining Scope & Concept
Launch
Technology Evaluation
Readiness Assessment
Data & Process
Harmonisation
Financial Models
Launch Support
Promotion &
Communications Strategy
PRIMARY STAKEHOLDERS
Customs, Traders, Agents, Banks etc.
SECONDARY STAKEHOLDERS
Trade Agencies
SUPPORTING STAKEHOLDERS
Political Leadership, Unions etc.
STAKEHOLDER INPUT
RISK MANAGEMENT
Single Window Roadmap
LAYING THE FOUNDATION
THE APPROACH
The analysis was based on a framework covering each of the 4
dimensions illustrated below; conducted by a team of
consultants with the support of NCS and other government
agency officers…
The project adopted the BPA tool of Enterprise Architect and Share Point for
communication.
Stakeholder engagement at all levels particularly including Private Sector, to
ensure the realisation of a NIGERIAN Single Window aligned to international
standards and fit for purpose. Stakeholders engaged during the study included….
GOVERNMENT AGENCIES
Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)
Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN)*
Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS)
Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC)
National Administration for Food and Drug Administration and Control (NAFDAC)
National Environmental Standard and Regulation Enforcement (NESREA)
Nigeria Copyright Commission
Nigeria Customs Service (NCS)
Nigeria Port Authority (NPA)
Nigeria Shippers Council (NSC)
Nigerian Agricultural Quarantine Service (NAQ)
Standard Organisation of Nigeria (SON)
COMMERCIAL BANKS
IMPORTERS/EXPORTERS
Access Bank
MAN
Procter & Gamble
Zenith Bank
PZ
BAT
Diamond Bank
TERMINAL OPERATORS
Union Bank
AP MOLLAR
CRESEADA
AGENTS/FREIGHT FORWARDERS
SAPID
F&E
EXCISE FACTORIES
GMT
Nigeria Breweries
Guinness
DENCA
SHIPPING AND AIRLINES
RAR/SCANNING SERVICE PROVIDERS
MAERSK
Cotecna
ALLIED AIR
Global Scan Ltd
CARGO LUX
Robinson
COMET
SGS
CURRENT ENVIRONMENT
Business Process Analysis (BPA)
and Data Harmonisation
THE CURRENT ENVIRONMENT
The World Bank Trading Across Borders Index, measures and ranks countries
on the time, cost, number of processes and documents
required for import and export with Nigeria ranged 146 out of 183 in 2011
A SNAPSHOT VIEW FROM THE TRADER PERSPECTIVE
Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) for the measurement of success and
achievements of the Nigeria Single Window programme can be mapped unto the
Trading Across Borders Rankings.
IMPORT PROCEDURES
INDICATOR
Duration (days) US$ Cost
Documents to
export (number)
10
Time to export
(days)
24
Cost to export
(US$ per
container)
Documents
Preparation
19
330
12
360
1,263
Customs
clearance and
technical control
450
Documents to
import (number)
9
Ports and
5
terminal handling
3
300
Time to import
(days)
39
Inland
transportation
and handling
Cost to import
(US$ per
container)
1,440
TOTAL DAYS
39
1,440
Example Time-Procedure Chart for Wheat and Meslin Import Process
(AS-IS vs TO-BE)
Data Harmonization
 Based on the sample documents collected during the
BPA activities…
10 Government Agencies
73 documents
764 data elements
Only 2% shared by 7 agencies
527 standalone data elements
CREATION OF National Data Model aligned to WCO Data Model
CURRENT ENVIRONMENT
ICT Readiness
ICT AS-IS
NSW Vision TO BE
Warehouse
Mg
Terminal
Operator
rg o
us
at
St
c,
tio
n,
C
NNSW
Certificates
PROCESSES
Form M
RAR
Declarations
Reporting
Issued LPCO
Inspection Info
Release approval
Statistics/Reporting
Government
Agencies
do
Foreign Importer/
Exporter
ht
Product In
fo, Invoice.
ig
oti
fi
Da catio
ng n,
er
o u C a rg
sG o
oo dec
ds lar
a
re
,F
ce
lN
an
va
ur
Shipper
Freight
Forwarder
s
In
Ar
ri
IMPORT
EXPORT
TRANSIT
Release
inf
o,
ARRIVAL/
DEPARTURE
Inspection
mt
,
Re Insp
lea ec
se tio
n
Container yard
Ca
Unloading Cargo
ICT
GOVERNANCE
ORGANISATION
DATA HARMONISATION
COORDINATION
LEGISLATION
ar
In
Delivery
Inland
Transporter
s
tu
ta
S
,
fo
P,
NX
,
RM , SGD
O
F
t
,
en
M
m
y
m
For n, Pa
o
ht,
eig plicati dates
r
F
Importer/Exporter/
,
p
Ap
su
o i ce
Inv LPCO Statu
Agent
,
R
RA
go
Form M
RAR
Payments
Statistics/
Reporting
Bank
CURRENT ENVIRONMENT
Roadmap
Proposed Nigeria Single Window Vision/Goals
50% Better, Faster and Cheaper Trade
Across Border Indicators* within 5 years**
For export process
• From (As-Is) 24 days(time), 1263 USD/Container (cost)
• To
(To-Be) 12 days(time), 600 USD/Container (cost)
For import process
• From (As-Is) 39 days(time), 1440 USD/Container (cost)
• To
(To-be) 20 days(time), 700 USD/Container (cost)
** The expected impact on trade transaction cost reduction
could approximately be more than 130 million USD per year
(if assuming about 200,000 export/import containers per year are shipped).
* According to World Bank’s Doing Business Indicators
Expected QUALITATIVE benefits include…
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Improved and effective collection of government revenues
Simpler, faster processes for clearance and release
Reduced costs of compliance
Reduced corruption
Reduction in bureaucratic processes
Improved trader compliance
Risk management techniques for control and enforcement
purposes
Predictable application and explanation of rules
Boost to Economic Growth
Increased Foreign Direct Investment
Effective national Management Information System
Increased competitiveness of the national economy
EMPOWERMENT
and
CAPACITY BUILDING
Lies at the core of
REALISING THE SW NATIONAL VISION !
…and a good map helps!
 Nigeria Trade Information Portal
– www.nigeriatradehub.gov.ng
 Single Window Application Proof of Concept
– www.nigerianationalsinglewindow.gov.ng
 Pre-Arrival Assessment Report (PAAR)
 Process Manual
THANK YOU!
For questions or to discuss further contact:
[email protected]
DEMO