Metropolitan Transportation Plan/
Sustainable Communities Strategy
MTP—Regional transportation plan developed
every four years.
SCS—New SB 375 requirement to better
integrate land use with transportation planning.
Environmental Justice (EJ) analysis required
by federal and state law concerning benefits
and impacts of MTP/SCS on low-income and
minority populations.
CRC Topic Areas and EJ Analysis
for the MTP/SCS
• Demographics
• Social Vulnerability Indicators
• Opportunity Indicators
Demographics
Demographic Indicators
SACOG Use
Race
EJ Area definition — minority
community
Age
EJ Area vulnerability definition —
75+
Education
(% of 25+ without HS
diploma)
EJ Area vulnerability definition
Immigrants
EJ Area vulnerability definition —
linguistic isolation
Social Vulnerability
Social Vulnerability Indicators
SACOG Use
Inadequate economic
opportunities
(% of hhs ≤ 200% of poverty level)
EJ Area definition —
low-income community
Poor business opportunities
(shrinking/dying businesses)
More research
Inadequate housing opportunities EJ Area vulnerability
(% of hhs paying > 50% of income
definition
for housing)
Social Vulnerability
Vulnerability Indicators
SACOG Use
Social vulnerabilities
(linguistic isolation)
EJ Area vulnerability
definition
Social vulnerabilities
(single parent households)
EJ Area vulnerability
definition
Insufficient transportation
options (improved to look at
accessibility)
Moved to EJ Performance
Measure
Poor neighborhood quality
(% of housing units vacant)
Working on vacancy
monitoring
Opportunity
Opportunity Indicators
SACOG Use
Good and balanced economic EJ Area access to jobs; more
opportunities
research on high-wage job growth,
middle income households
Good neighborhood business Population in TPAs, growth in jobs
climate
by type; more research on small
business growth
Affordable and decent
housing
Growth in Community Types,
housing product mix; margin of
error issues with homeownership
rate below county/MSA level
Opportunity
Opportunity Indicators
SACOG Use
High quality neighborhood
and environment
Access to park acreage
Diverse, accessible and
affordable transportation
opportunities
Mode share, transit accessibility
measures
Defining EJ Areas
• Low-Income Communities (required)
• Minority Communities (required)
• Vulnerable Communities (not required, new)
Defining EJ Areas
Low-Income Communities:
Census Tracts where 45% or more of the
population earns 200% or less of the federal
poverty level, based on 2005-2009 ACS data.
Includes 19% of regional population
Income Map:
45% of Population below 200% of Poverty Line
Income Map:
45% of Population below 150% of Poverty Line
Income Map:
45% of Population below 100% of Poverty Line
Federal Poverty Rate
Federal Poverty Level
2009 Poverty Guidelines
Family Size
100% of
Poverty
150% of
Poverty
200% of
Poverty
1
$10,830
$16,245
$21,660
2
$14,570
$21,855
$29,140
3
$18,310
$27,465
$36,620
4
$22,050
$33,075
$44,100
5
$25,790
$38,685
$51,580
6
$29,530
$44,295
$59,060
7
$33,270
$49,905
$66,540
8
$37,010
$55,515
$74,020
For each additional person:
$3,740
$5,610
$7,480
SOURCE: Federal Register, Vol. 64, No. 52, March 18, 1999, pp. 13428-13430.
Defining EJ Areas
Minority Communities:
Census Block Groups where 70% or more of
the population is Asian/Pacific Islander, African
American, Hispanic, Native American
or other Non-White ethnic group, based on
2010 Census data.
Includes 19% of regional population
Map:
60% of Population from Minority Group
Map:
70% of Population from Minority Group
Regional Increase in
Diversity 2000 to 2010
Total Minority
Population 2000
Total Minority
Population 2010
El Dorado
15%
20%
Placer
17%
24%
Sacramento
42%
52%
Sutter
40%
50%
Yolo
42%
50%
Yuba
35%
41%
Region
36%
44%
County
Defining EJ Areas
Vulnerable Communities:
Block groups in region in the top quintile on at
least four of five measures:
•
•
•
•
•
Housing cost burden
Single parent households
Population aged 75 and older
Population 25+ with less than high school degree
Households where English is not the primary
language and is not spoken very well
Includes 1% of regional population
Map of Housing Cost Burden:
% of renter- & owner-occupied units paying
over 50% of household income for housing
Older population:
Percentage of population aged 75 and older
Single parent households:
% of households with own children
under age 18 with single householder
Educational attainment:
% of population 25 years and older with
less than a high school degree
Linguistic isolation:
% of households where English is not primary
language and is not spoken very well
Vulnerable communities:
Areas with 4-5 indicators
EJ Area Map:
26.5% of Regional Population
Opportunity
Opportunity Indicators
SACOG Use
Good and balanced
economic opportunities
EJ Area access to jobs; more
research on high-wage job
growth, middle income
households
Good neighborhood
business climate
Population in TPAs, growth in
jobs by type; more research on
small business growth
Affordable and decent
housing
Growth in Community Types,
housing product mix; margin of
error issues with homeownership
rate below county/MSA level
Opportunity
Opportunity Indicators
SACOG Use
High quality neighborhood
and environment
Access to park acreage
Diverse, accessible and
affordable transportation
opportunities
Mode share, transit accessibility
measures
Performance Measures —
Good and balanced economic opportunities
Opportunity Indicators
SACOG Use
Job Access
Accessibility from EJ Areas within
30 minutes by transit (or car) to
job (include retail and medical)
Access to Higher Education
Accessibility from EJ Areas within
30 minutes by transit (or car) to
higher education enrollments
Average Access to Jobs
from EJ and Non-EJ Areas
Average Access to Retail Jobs
from EJ and Non-EJ Areas
Average Access to Medical Jobs
from EJ and Non-EJ Areas
Average Access to Higher Education
Enrollments from EJ and Non-EJ Areas
Performance Measures —
Affordable and Decent Housing
Indicator
Specific Measure
Land Use
Population in Community Types:
Centers & Corridors, Established
Communities, Developing Communities,
Transit Priority Areas, etc.
Housing product mix
Percentage of attached homes, small-lot
single family, large-lot single family,
rural residential
**Future Measures
Jobs-Housing Fit
Housing + Transportation Costs
Residential Growth in the MTP/SCS
Percent Change from 2008 to 2035
Performance Measures —
Diverse, accessible and affordable
transportation opportunities
Indicator
Specific Measure
Transit proximity
Population in EJ Areas within
1/2-mile of 15-minute Transit Lines
Mode share
EJ Area changes in transit, bike
and walk shares
Transit service
Vehicle Service Hours
Mode Share Increase
Percent Change from 2008 to 2035
Performance Measures —
High quality neighborhood and environment
Indicator
Specific Measure
Access to Parks
Accessibility from EJ Areas within 30
minutes by transit (or car) to park acres
Air Contaminants
Population within 500 feet of high-volume
roadways
Average Access to Acres of Parks
from EJ and Non-EJ Areas
Research Under Development
Indicator
Specific Measure
Housing Fit
Jobs-Housing Fit Tool under development
with stakeholder groups
Housing and
Transportation
Affordability
Housing+Transportation Cost Measure:
similar methodology to Jobs-Housing Fit,
working with Center for Neighborhood Tech
Air Contaminants
Proximity to sources of TACs
Poor business
opportunities
Looking at National Establishment Time
Series Database, ES-202, Board of
Equalization, etc.
Other Future Work
Refine performance measures related
to medical services, higher education,
parks, health, youth
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Presentation: SACOG Draft Metropolitan Transportation Plan