Introduction to Thermo
Electron Instruments
Robert Kinsella
Sky Patton
Thermo Electron
Environmental
Instruments Division
Air Quality Instruments
Industrial Hygiene
Water Analysis
Radiation
Measurement &Protection
Cli nical Consumables
Air Quality Instruments – formerly
Thermo Andersen, Thermo
Environmental Instruments, Thermo
Eberline,Thermo MIE and EPM
Environmental
www.thermo.com/aqp
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Continuous
Particulate Monitors
FH 62 C14 Series Continuous Ambient
Particulate Monitor
Model 5012 Multi Angle Absorption
Photometer
DataRAMTM Portable Particle Sizing
Aerosol Monitor
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Designation Status
FH 62 C14 Series Continuous Ambient
Particulate Monitor
US EPA Automated Equivalent PM10
Method
EQPM-1102-150
CARB California Approved Sampler (CAS)
for PM10 and PM 2.5
Model 5012 Multi Angle Absorption
Photometer
Instrument not designated
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Series FH 62 C14
Principle of Operation
Thermo Electron
FH 62 C14 Beta
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Series FH 62 C14
Principle of Operation (cont.)
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Series FH 62 C14
Principle of Operation (cont.)
C14 uses Beta Attenuation
through known area on filter
tape to continuously detect
mass of deposited ambient
particles
Continuous detection of Beta
Attenuation is proportional to
increased mass
C14 also measures Alpha
particle emissions to exclude
background interferences
from radon gas
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Series FH 62 C14
Principle of Operation (cont.)
Clean filter spot
introduced by automatic
filter change every 24
hours
Or sooner if mass on filter
exceeds 1500 g since last
filter change
Or if flow rate is reduced by
5% particle deposition
Ambient air is drawn
through a size-selective
inlet
TSP, PM10, PM2.5
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Series FH 62 C14
Principle of Operation (cont.)
Ambient particles are drawn
down heated sample tube
Decrease RH of sample stream
Reduce particle bound water
Reduces positive artifact
measurement of condensation
on filter tape
Sample tube is curved to avoid
abrupt turns and points for
premature collection
Collection of particles on filter
tape and measured continuously
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Series FH 62 C14
Principle of Operation (cont.)
1: Proportional Detector
2: Sample Chamber with filter tape
3: Vacuum Chamber
4: C14 Beta Source
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Series
FH 62 C14 – Cost
Beta Attenuation Particulate Monitor $12,999
Calibration Mass Foil Kit
$ 1,185
Financing options include
Leasing (24-60 months and Rental 6-18 months)
through Thermo Capital
Customized monthly payments, lease terms, payment
options and deferred programs
Simplified payments-equipment, service, and supplies
all in one
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Series FH 62 C14 –
Additional Equipment
Heated Sampling tube 1 or 3 meters
$ 1,326
FH108C14 Outdoor Weather Enclosure $ 2,200
Not necessary if used in shelter
PCB – Analog I / O Expansion
Delta Cal or Tri Cal (BGI)
$ 1,238
Drucks pressure gauge (DPI 705)
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Downloading Capabilities
Instrument display provides
Concentration and mass on
continuous basis
Flow rate, temperature, pressure
readings
Run, status, error codes
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Downloading Capabilities (cont.)
Input/output available
2 digital data ports via laptop, PC or modem
1 year digital data storage
Control instrument remotely
1 standard analog output fully configurable
Optionally 4 analog outputs
Output standard either voltage or current output
Output can be sent to any data logger
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Thermo Electron Support
Atlanta(Smyrna), GA
2 Service Technicians
Sales and Technical
Support
800 Number (866-2820430)
Regional Sales
Managers-18
Local Manufacturer’s
Representatives-24
Franklin, MA
Service Support
Manufacturing & spare
parts
Technical Support
800 Number (866-2820430)
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Thermo Electron Support
Fifteen years experience supporting
existing Beta Attenuation units
Free phone & email support for setup,
maintenance and troubleshooting
Component replacement
Recalibration services
Cleaning services for Measurement
chamber
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Calibration Procedure
and Frequency
Mass Foil Calibration
Performed once a year or after measurement
chamber has been cleaned; procedure requires
20-30 minutes
Air Flow Calibration
Performed once a year; requires NIST traceable
volumetric flow device,
Before Air Flow is calibrated, strongly
recommended that you calibrate temperature
sensors and barometric pressure sensors
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Verification
Stable operation of instrument is verified and
monitored by observing Error Status on Main Menu
Global Error Sum Status reports verification of
following parameters
Data and program memory
Particulate sampling and measurement system
Air flow rate measurement system
Air flow rate regulation unit
External sample tube heater
Temperature measurements
Each Global parameter is further divided into 8 fields
of Detailed Error Status Codes
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Maintenance
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
5-20 days
1-3 months
3 months
Clean PM-2.5 impactor or
cyclone
Check air flow
Clean PM-10 inlet
6-9 months
12 months
12 months
Check/change filter tape
Mass calibration with foil set
Air flow calibration
12 months
2 years
Replace pump carbon vanes
Clean measurement chamber
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(by Thermo service)
Aerosol Monitoring –
Black Carbon
Model 5012 MAAP Continuous Black Carbon Monitor
Thermo Electron
Model 5012 MAAP
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Aerosol Monitoring –
Black Carbon (cont.)
Principal of Operation
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Principle of Operation
Principal of Operation
Transmittance Only
• Aethelometer
Led, 670nm
• MAAP
Forward Scattering, Back Scattering, and
Transmittance
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Principle of Operation (cont.)
Model 5012 MAAP Continuous Black Carbon Monitor
1: Back Scattering detection
2: Sample Chamber
3: Vacuum Chamber
4: Forward Scattering and Transmittance
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Aerosol Monitoring –
Black Carbon (cont.)
Model 5012 MAAP
Continuous Black Carbon
Monitor
• Continuously determined by
simultaneous measurement of
optical absorption and
scattering of light particles
collected on filter tape
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Model 5012
MAAP – Cost
Model 5012 Black Carbon
Monitor $ 16,300
Financing options include
Leasing (24-60 months and Rental 6-18
months) through Thermo Capital
Customized monthly payments, lease
terms, payment options and deferred
programs
Simplified payments-equipment,
service, and supplies all in one
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Model 5012 MAAP –
Additional Equipment
FH108C14 Outdoor Weather Enclosure
$ 2,200
Not necessary if used in shelter
PCB – Analog I / O Expansion
Delta Cal or Tri Cal (BGI)
$ 1,238
Drucks pressure gauge (DPI 705)
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Downloading Capabilities
Instrument display provides
Concentration and mass on continuous
basis
Flow rate, temperature, pressure
readings
Run, status, error codes
27
Downloading Capabilities (cont.)
Input/output available
2 digital data ports via laptop, PC or modem
1 year digital data storage
Control instrument remotely
1 standard analog output fully configurable
Optionally 4 analog outputs
Output standard either voltage or current output
Output can be sent to any data logger
28
Thermo Electron Support
Atlanta(Smyrna), GA
2 Service Technicians
Sales and Technical
Support
800 Number
(866-282-0430)
Franklin, MA
Regional Sales
Managers-18
Local Manufacturer’s
Representatives-24
Service Support
Manufacturing & spare
parts
Technical Support
800 Number
(866-282-0430)
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Calibration Procedures
and Frequency
Black Carbon Mass Calibration
Performed once a year; scattering cross section determined
by independent measurement or by comparing it to basic
method. Default value based on research done by Dr.
Andreas Petzold
Air Flow Rate Calibration
Performed once a year; requires NIST traceable volumetric
flow device
Before Air Flow is calibrated, strongly recommended that you
calibrate temperature sensors and barometric pressure
sensors
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Calibration
Default Standard
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Calibration (cont.)
Required Equipment
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Verification
Stable operation of instrument is verified and
monitored by observing Error Status on Main Menu
Global Error Sum Status reports verification of the
following parameters
Data and program memory
Mechanical components
Air flow regulation
Pressure sensors
Photo detectors
Temperature measurements
Each Global parameter is further divided into 8 fields
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of Detailed Error Status Codes
Maintenance
Interval
Maintenance Procedure
5-20 days
Clean PM-2.5 impactor or
cyclone
Check air flow
14 days
1 month
3 months
3 months
3 months
6-9 months
12 months
12 months
Clean PM-10 inlet
Temperature sensor audit
Air flow audit
Pressure sensor audit
Check/change filter tape
Replace pump carbon vanes
Clean optics chamber
(by Thermo service)
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