Regulated The use of gov’t authority to control the private sector Occurs everyday in your lives EPA: require pollution control FTC: unfair advertising claims Why can they do this? Munn v. Illinois (1877): upheld Congress’s right to regulate business. Issue: Can Congress regulate warehouse prices of a Chicago warehouse Reasoning: Congress could regulate business practices as they are a part of commerce What makes a regulation 3 elements all regulations have 1) A grant of power/direction from Congress 2) A set of rules and guidelines for the agency itself 3) Some means of enforcing compliance with the regulation Get out of here Regulation Deregulation: lifting of government restrictions. Why? (allegedly) Raising prices: regulations make goods cost more Hurting America’s competitive position: Other nations have fewer(less expensive) regulations Failure to work well: may be hard to enforce, or just too cumbersome. Policy makers Bureaucracies/bureaucrats spend about $3 trillion of American GDP Unelected policymakers Due to how influential they are, Presidents attempt to control bureaucracies How? 1. Appoint the head of the agency to achieve means 2. Issue orders Executive Order: Presidential order that carries the weight of law. 3. Alter an agencies budget 4. Reorganize the bureau _____24.) ____ systems are designed to hire and promote members of the bureaucracy on the basis of merit and to create a nonpartisan government service. A.) Patronage B.) Civil service C.) Hatch D.) Civilian E.) Military _____22.) The authority of administrative actors to select among various responses to a given problem is called A.) policy implementation. B.) selective management. C.) the merit principle. D.) the definition of alternatives. E.) administrative discretion. 2.) In the first half of United States history, bureaucracies tended to act in a client-oriented role. However, since the early 1900s, the bureaucracy has become more of a regulator. a.) Identify TWO agencies that serve in a regulatory capacity and give an example of a regulation each has made. b.) Describe ONE complaint made about the federal bureaucracy acting in the role of a regulator.