Katelyn Kinne
China and the West
Tea-Opium Connection
 China
traded at a port, Guangzhou, even though they
had little interest in trading with the west.
 European smuggled opium into China for nonmedical
 By 1835, 12 million people were addicted to the
China and the West
War Breaks Out
 Opium War
 The British had steam powered gunships but the
Chinese ship’s were outdated.
 After losing the war, the Chinese signed a peace
treaty, the Treaty of Nanjing.
 The
British got the island of Hong Kong, and
extraterritorial rights.
Growing Internal Problems
 The
population began to grow but food production
didn’t increase. Hunger was widespread and the opium
addiction rose.
 The
people began to rebel.
Growing Internal Problems
Taiping Rebellion
 Hong
Xiuquan gathered followers for the Taiping
 His army attacked and won different areas and cities,
including the city of Nanjing. Xiuquan made Nanjing his
 British, French, and Chinese forces defeated the
 Possibly
20 million or more people died in the
Foreign Influence Grows
Resistance to Change
 Dowager
Empress Cixi (1862-1908) supported certain
 Updated educational system, diplomatic service, and
the military.
Foreign Influence Grows
Other Nations Step In
 European
countries and Japan gained a foothold in
 The foothold was called sphere of influence, foreign
countries controlled trade and investment.
 The United States declared the Open Door Policy,
China be open to merchants of all nations. That way
China cannot be divided into formal colonies.
An Upsurge in Chinese Nationalism
Boxer Rebellion
 Chinese
people rebelled against the Dowager Empress’s
rule and against foreigner privileges.
 Boxer’s siege European section of Beijing and were later
 Even after the rebellion was defeated, a strong sense of
nationalism emerged in China. They felt they must resist
foreign intervention.
An Upsurge in Chinese Nationalism
Beginnings of Reform
 The
Chinese decided to create a Constitutional
Monarchy type government. But it would take years for
the reforms to start making change.

China Resist Outside Influence Chapter 12 * Section 1