Harry Truman
Marcus Pineda
4th block
English II
3/27/13
Background
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Harry S. Truman was born May 8, 1884 he was the 33rd
President of the United States. The final running mate of
President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944, Truman succeeded
to the presidency on April 12, 1945, when Roosevelt died
after months of declining health.
Truman served in combat in France as an artillery officer in
his national guard unit.
He gained national prominence as head of the wartime
Truman Committee, which exposed waste, fraud, and
corruption in wartime contracts.
Truman asked all the members of FDR’s cabinet to remain in
place, and told them that he was open to their advice, but
laid down central principle of his administration.
Video of the speech
Giving the speech
Subject
Harry Truman is informing the American people on
how the bomb dropped on the Japanese was pay
back for what they had done at pearl harbor and
that more powerful bombs are being developed.
 “The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl
Harbor. They have been repaid many fold. And the
end is not yet.”
 “In their present form these bombs are now in
production and even more powerful forms are in
development.”
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Occasion
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The bombing of Hiroshima was in response to the
bombing of pearl harbor.
The massive production of atomic power.
“We are now prepared to obliterate more rapidly and
completely every productive enterprise the Japanese
have above ground in any city.”
“We have spent two billion dollars on the greatest
scientific gamble in history -- and won.”
“We now have two great plants and many lesser works
devoted to the production of atomic power.
Employment during peak construction numbered
125,000 and over 65,000 individuals are even now
engaged in operating the plants.”
Audience
The intended audience for this speech was
the American people to inform them of the
bombing and the mass production of
atomic power.
 “Sixteen hours ago an American airplane
dropped one bomb on Hiroshima and
destroyed its usefulness to the enemy.”
 “The United States had available the large
number of scientists of distinction in the
many needed areas of knowledge.”
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Purpose
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The purpose is to encourage action to make people
want to go to want to protect their country and it’s
also to inform the American public on what is
happening.
“But the greatest marvel is not the size of the
enterprise, its secrecy, nor its cost, but the
achievement of scientific brains in putting together
infinitely complex pieces of knowledge held by many
men in different fields of science into a workable
plan.”
“We shall destroy their docks, their factories, and
their communications. Let there be no mistake; we
shall completely destroy Japan's power to make
war.”
Speaker
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The speaker is president Harry Truman who is the
new leader of the United States after the death of
Franklin D. Roosevelt. He is also the commander in
chief.
“Sixteen hours ago an American airplane dropped
one bomb on Hiroshima and destroyed its
usefulness to the enemy.”
“If they do not now accept our terms they may expect
a rain of ruin from the air, the like of which has never
been seen on this earth. Behind this air attack will
follow sea and land forces in such number that and
power as they have not yet seen and with the
fighting skill of which they are already well aware.”
Tone
The tone is informative and
encouraging.
 “That bomb had more power than
20,000 tons of TNT. It had more than
two thousand times the blast power of
the British "Grand Slam" which is the
largest bomb ever yet used in the history
of warfare.”
 “It is an atomic bomb. It is a harnessing
of the basic power of the universe.”
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Major Premise/theme/main idea
Ethos
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“Before 1939, it was the accepted
belief of scientists that it was
theoretically possible to release atomic
energy. But no one knew any practical
method of doing it. By 1942, however,
we knew that the Germans were
working feverishly to find a way to add
atomic energy to the other engines of
war with which they hoped to enslave
the world. But they failed. We may be
grateful to Providence that the
Germans got the V-1's and V-2's late
and in limited quantities and even
more grateful that they did not get the
atomic bomb at all.”
This is showing credibility because
everything he is saying is supported by
dates and facts.
Pathos
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“The Japanese began the war
from the air at Pearl Harbor.
They have been repaid many
fold. And the end is not yet.”
This makes you want to go fight
in the war to show the
Japanese not to mess with
America.
Logos
“The battle of the
laboratories held
fateful risks for us as
well as the battles of
the air, land, and sea,
and we have now won
the battle of the
laboratories as we
have won the other
battles.”
 Developing the atomic
bomb was a battle
itself due to the fateful
risks
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Repetition
“It had more than two thousand times
the blast power of the British "Grand
Slam" which is the largest bomb ever
yet used in the history of warfare.”
 “With this bomb we have now added a
new and revolutionary increase in
destruction to supplement the growing
power of our armed forces.”
 It is a harnessing of the basic power of
the universe.
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Phrasing/Meaning
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“The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl
Harbor. They have been repaid many fold. And the
end is not yet.”
-The Japanese decided to bomb the wrong
people, they have been fully repaid but that’s not the
end.
“But the greatest marvel is not the size of the
enterprise, its secrecy, nor its cost, but the
achievement of scientific brains in putting together
infinitely complex pieces of knowledge held by many
men in different fields of science into a workable
plan.”
-The greatest thing being able to work together
and get what they needed to get done finished.
Powerful lines
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“The Japanese began the war from the air at Pearl
Harbor. They have been repaid many fold. And the
end is not yet.”
“The battle of the laboratories held fateful risks for us
as well as the battles of the air, land, and sea, and
we have now won the battle of the laboratories as we
have won the other battles.”
“But the greatest marvel is not the size of the
enterprise, its secrecy, nor its cost, but the
achievement of scientific brains in putting together
infinitely complex pieces of knowledge held by many
men in different fields of science into a workable
plan.”
Literary Devices
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That bomb had more power than
20,000 tons of TNT.
After the speech…
Download

Announcing the Bombing of Hiroshima