Elizabeth Mtshali, Mackenzie Goertel, Jeannie Pundor,
Valentin Le Besnerais
How Can We Help?
The
Beginning

In 1947, the Partition Plan takes place. The
Maharaja (Ruler of Kashmir) decides to have new
territory become part of India, and not Pakistan.
FLASHPOINTS
Key points in the Conflict.
First
Flashpoint
Second
Flashpoint
Third
Flashpoint
Fourth
Flashpoint
Fifth
Flashpoint
Sixth
Flashpoint
Seventh
Flashpoint
In 1947, war immediately erupts
between Pakistan and India
Kashmir, being part
of India, granted
New Delhi control
of the headwaters
of the Indus, the
lifeline of
civilization in
modern day
Pakistan (since
2600 B.C.)
The U.N. arranges
a ceasefire and
develops a Line of
Control in 1949,
Pakistan gains
control of 1/3 of
Kashmir (Azad or
Free Kashmir)
India remains in
control over the
other 2/3 of
Kashmir
(Jammu and
Kashmir) but
the territory has
a status of
“Independent.”
The Treaty for
sharing the
water source
began to
collapse around
1960 due to
population and
climate changes
in both
countries.
India annexes Kashmir, causing riots in the
Muslim population
War
erupts
again in
1965
Since the 1980s, conflict has been occurring in the India controlled region of Kashmir
•Since the 1980s, conflict has been
occurring in the India controlled region of
Kashmir
Since the 1980s, conflict has been occurring in the India controlled region of Kashmir
•Pakistan argues
that this is caused
directly from the
fact that the
Muslim
population of
Kashmir is simply
fighting against
the oppressive
Indian rule
Since the 1980s, conflict has been occurring in the India controlled region of Kashmir
•India argues that the
Kashmir rebellion is a
deliberate and
organized rebellion
financed by the
government of
Pakistan in order to
help them gain sole
control of Kashmir
Since the 1980s, conflict has been occurring in the India controlled region of Kashmir
•India believes
that Pakistan
allowed its
militants to cross
the Line of
Control into
India’s part of
Kashmir and
attack from inside
Since the 1980s, conflict has been occurring in the India controlled region of Kashmir
• Some groups are fighting for Kashmir
to become an independent state of its
own
Since the 1980s, conflict has been occurring in the India controlled region of Kashmir
• India nor Pakistan support the option of
Kashmir’s independence
First Case
Second Case
Third Case
• When President
Bush was in office,
he called upon the
President of
Pakistan, General
Musharraf, to stop
the invading of
their Islamic
Militants past the
Line of Control
The whole world is at risk if Pakistan follows through
on its threats of using nuclear weapons if it becomes
necessary. They say India has a greater advantage
due to its superior military strength and large size.
Kashmir and
Afghanistan are located
adjacent each other. AlQaeda has had a lot of
their terrorist activity
take place in Kashmir,
with Pakistan’s support.
This “terrorist network”
in Kashmir has created
a form of terrorist
escape route for AlQaeda.
For the United Nations to consider in Addressing this Conflict:

Pakistan has always
chosen this as the best
solution to the dispute.
However a single vote
held in a region where
people are culturally,
religiously and ethnically
diverse, there would be
numerous minorities. The
Hindus of Jammu, and the
Buddhists of Ladakh have
never shown any desire to
join Pakistan and would
protest at the outcome.

This solution would
be unlikely to bring
stability to the region
since the Muslim
inhabitants of
Pakistaniadministered Jammu
and Kashmir,
including the
Northern Areas, have
never shown any
desire to become part
of India

An independent
Kashmir could be
created from the
Kashmir Valley currently under Indian
administration - and
the narrow strip of land
which Pakistan calls
Azad Jammu and
Kashmir. This would
leave the strategically
important regions
under the control of
Pakistan and India.

Government leaders from Kashmir, India, and
Pakistan should meet in a neutral location and
discuss a potential compromise for the situation.

The territory of Kashmir
should be divided into two
equal parts, and given to
Pakistan and India
respectively. The
strategically important
regions of the state should
also be divided equally
amongst Pakistan and
India.
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http://www.stratfor.com/files/mmf/7/3/7311fc94bd002e2cf680d548088d1514bad
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http://news.bbc.co.uk/nol/shared/spl/hi/south_asia/03/kashmir_future/html/
http://themoderatevoice.com/wordpress-engine/files/india.pakistan.kargil.jpg
http://www.nicholsoncartoons.com.au/cartoons/new/504%202002-0528%20India%20Pakistan%20education%20war.JPG
http://www.topnews.in/files/LineOfControl.jpg
http://www.mirpurbar.com/images/jammu%20kashmir%20map.jpg
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http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_oHFqUKh09c/SynqMbvgPrI/AAAAAAAAZ04/tA_kn4fzF5g/s800/1965+India+Pakistan
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http://armedforces.nic.in/airforce/afkargil/slmpjk.jpg
http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/photos/uncategorized/2008/04/30/bush.jpg
http://www.weaselzippers.net/.a/6a00e008c6b4e588340115704c7152970b-pi
http://www.outlookindia.com/images/kashmir_alqaeda_cd_070613.jpg
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