Resources and Rewards
RESOURCE
is a source of supply or support
 There are 5 types of RESOURCES:
 Natural
 Capital
 Human
 Renewable
 Non Renewable
What are three types of resources found in the
photograph below?
NATURAL RESOURCES
 Is a gift of nature, or
part of the natural
environment
 Examples include: air,
water, soil
 Can be MINERAL or
BIOLOGICAL
Non Renewable Resources
 Mineral Resources that
are not replaced by
nature once they are
extracted from the
environment.
 Inorganic substances that
were formed by the
Earth’s geologic
processes.
 Examples include: oil,
natural gas, & salt.
MINERAL RESOURCES
 OIL
 Made from plant decay 10 million years
ago.
 Louisiana has 10% of the world’s known oil
reserves in the U.S.
 Louisiana is the 3rd largest oil producer in
the U.S.
 Chemicals refined from oil create an almost
unlimited list of other products.
MINERAL RESOURCES
Natural Gas
 Louisiana has more natural gas than oil
deposits.
 Louisiana produces 25% of U.S. supply.
 Is converted to carbon black, which is used
in making tires, carbon paper, & ink, etc…
 Burns clean & is very efficient.
 Fuel for homes & industries.
MINERALS RESOURCES
 Salt
 Essential to the diet of both humans & animals.
 Used as a form of money.
 Not just used for preserving food.
 Makes a chemical that is used to make PVC
pipes, plumbing & outdoor furniture.
 During the Civil War an underground salt
deposit was discovered on Avery Island.
MINERAL RESOURCES
 Sulphur
 A mineral used today to make matches,
gunpowder, medicine, & plastic.
 The town of Sulphur developed the industry.
 Production peaked in 1904, but was played out
by 1924.
 Port Sulphur, in Plaquemines Parish was also
named because of the its Sulphur industry.
MINERAL RESOURCES
 Lignite
 Brownish-black coal – found in DeSoto Parish.
 Lowest quality of coal because of high water content.
 Gained importance in the 1970’s.
 U.S. government encouraged the use of other sources
of energy after a shortage of imported oil occurred.
RENEWABLE RESOURCES
 Biological resources
that replenish
themselves over time
 Examples include:
plants & animals
BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES
 Are plants & animals, & replenish themselves in time.
 Biological Resources are Renewable Resources.
 Example:
 Spanish Moss was sold as stuffing for mattresses &
furniture but now is used for bedding in minnow farms
BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES
 Forests
 Trees are LA’s 2nd largest income producer
 Louisiana has more than 13.9 million acres of forests.
 90% of trees cut down are pine, 75% is used to make
pulpwood for making paper
 A new forestry industry is a Christmas Tree Farm, more
than 150 in Louisiana supply this seasonal specialty.
BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES
 Wildlife
 Why are we known as the Sportsman’s Paradise?
 The demand for fur is down so trapping has decreased
 The alligator is important to the ecosystem as well as
the economy, because it is endangered we now have
alligator farms
BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES
 Fish and Seafood
 Fishing is an industry, mostly done for recreation due to




the abundance of rivers, lakes, & bayous.
The Gulf of Mexico supplies us with generous harvests
of seafood.
The Louisiana commercial fishing industry catches about
25% of the U.S. seafood.
Catfish & crawfish are now are farmed.
Atchafalayla Basin produces millions of pounds of
crawfish annually.
BIOLOGICAL RESOURCES
 Fish and Seafood
 What are some other seafood
products important to Louisiana?
 How do you think the oil spill
affected the fishing and seafood
industry?
CAPITAL RESOURCES
 Include buildings &
equipment used to
produce goods &
services
 Examples include:
schools, hospitals, or
the refineries
HUMAN RESOURCES
 People who supply the
labor to produce
goods & services
 Examples include: you
& me
LABOR UNIONS
 Groups of workers
organized to demand
fair pay and safe
workings conditions.
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Unit 2 – Section 3 –Louisiana`s Resources powerpoint