Latin America Review
Key People
Key Terms
Colonization & Latin America Culture &
Independence
in the 1900’s Current Issues
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Final Jeopardy
$100 Question from
Key People
• born in Venezuela
• led revolutions against the Spanish in Latin
America in the 1800’s
• Nicknamed the George Washington of
Latin America
$100 Answer
Simon Bolivar
$200 Question from
Key People
former slave
• led the revolution in Haiti for
independence from the French
•
$200 Answer
Toussaint L’Ouveture
$300 Question from
Key People
• husband and wife
• he was president of Argentina twice
• she was an actress who was beloved by her
people
$300 Answer
Juan and Eva Peron
$400 Question from
Key People
• he was a priest who started the Mexican
Revolution for independence
• he was the leader who took over the
movement and eventually became the first
president of Mexico
$400 Answer
Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
and
Venustiano Carranza
$500 Question from
Key People
Name at least two dictators and the
country they ruled in Latin America
$500 Answer
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Augusto Pinochet  Chile
Omar Torrijos  Panama
Manuel Noriega  Panama
Fugencio Batista  Cuba
Fidel Castro  Cuba
$100 Question from
Key Terms
Free trade agreement created in 1994
between Canada, the United States,
and Mexico
$100 Answer
NAFTA
(North American Free Trade Agreement)
$200 Question from
Key Terms
Regional political and economic
organization made up of 35 nations in
the Americas
$200 Answer
Organization of American States
(OAS)
$300 Question from
Key Terms
What is the “official” political status
of Puerto Rico?
$300 Answer
Commonwealth
$400 Question from
Key Terms
Name the two sides (one which the
U.S. supported and one which the
Soviet Union supported) which
fought each other in Nicaragua
during the Cold War
$400 Answer
Contras
and
Sandinistas
$500 Question from
Key Terms
Two Parts:
1. Militant group in Peru which used
terrorism in an attempt to overthrow
the government of Peru
2. Revolutionary guerilla group which
has been in an armed conflict against
Colombia since the 1970’s
$500 Answer
1. Shining Path
2. FARC
$100 Question from
Colonization/Independence
Name two European nations which
created colonies and/or empires in Latin
America.
$100 Answer
• Spain
• Portugal
• France
• Great Britain
• Dutch
$200 Question from
Colonization/Independence
Colonial Society was divided into six class
based on birth. What was the name of the
group at the top?
$200 Answer
Peninsulares
$300 Question from
Colonization/Independence
Name one cause of Latin American
revolutions for independence?
$300 Answer
1. Enlightenment ideas
2. Success of the American and
French Revolutions
3. Discontent of the Creoles
4. European economic policies
$400 Question from
Colonization/Independence
What was the only Latin American
nation to send troops to fight in World
War I and World War II?
$400 Answer
• Brazil
$500 Question from
Colonization/Independence
Latin American faced many problems
after they gained independence.
Name at least two problems.
$500 Answer
1. No Unity
2. Poverty
3. Caudillos (dictators)
4. Cultural Problems
$100 Question from
Latin America in the 1900’s
The U.S. were given permission to
build a canal in Panama after they
aided Panama in their revolution for
independence from which nation?
$100 Answer
Colombia
$200 Question from
Latin America in the 1900’s
Name one territory the United States
gained as a result of the SpanishAmerican War?
$200 Answer
• Cuba
• Puerto Rico
• Philippines
• Guam
$300 Question from
Latin America in the 1900’s
What was the impact of the
Roosevelt Corollary in Latin America?
$300 Answer
1. It angered Latin American nations
2. Led to future intervention in Latin
America
$400 Question from
Latin America in the 1900’s
Two Part Question:
1. In the years following World War II,
what form of government took hold in
many Latin American nations?
2. In the late 20th Century carrying into
today, what is the most common form
of government in Latin America?
$400 Answer
1. Dictatorship
2. Democracy
$500 Question from
Latin America in the 1900’s
During the Cold War, Latin America
served as a battleground for the two
superpowers (U.S. and Soviet Union).
Name two Latin American nations
which was affected by the Cold War.
$500 Answer
1.
2.
3.
4.
Cuba
Nicaragua
Guatemala
Costa Rica
$100 Question from
Culture & Current Issues
What Latin American nation has
the strongest economy today?
$100 Answer
Brazil
$200 Question from
Culture & Current Issues
Since European colonization, what
religion and denomination, has been
the most dominant in Latin America?
$200 Answer
1. Christian
2. Catholic
$300 Question from
Culture & Current Issues
1. From which Latin American
has America seen the greatest
amount of immigration from?
$300 Answer
1. Mexico
$400 Question from
Culture & Current Issues
1. In recent years, which foreign
nation has made large
economic investments in the
Caribbean?
2. What is the only Communist
nation in Latin America today?
$400 Answer
1. China
2. Cuba
$500 Question from
Culture & Current Issues
Latin America faces many
challenges and issues. Name four
major issues facing Latin America
today?
$500 Answer
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
Income Gap (Between Rich and Poor)
Social Inequality (between ethnicities)
Drugs (Drug Trade)
Overcrowding (in cities)
Democracy vs. Dictatorship
Crime (High rate of crime)
Environmental (pollution/deforestation)
Poverty
Lack of clean water, schools, medicine
Final Jeopardy
Discuss Latin America today?
• Politically
• Economically
• Socially
• Militarily
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Jeopardy - Strongsville City Schools