By Jamin Stewart Fatigue is a general lack of alertness and degradation in mental and physical performance. Fatigue in aviation Fatigue causes a pilot to fall asleep while in flight or it can affect alertness during takeoff and landing. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA ) and the National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) have proposed sweeping changes to ensure the safety of pilots, crew members and passengers so accidents like this will not happen. NTSB (National Transportation Safety Board) The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) is an independent federal accident investigation agency. Since its creation in 1967, the Safety Board’s mission has been to determine the probable cause of transportation accidents and to formulate safety recommendations to improve transportation safety. The Safety Board’s mission is to determine the probable cause of: all U.S. civil aviation accidents and certain public-use aircraft accidents; selected highway accidents; railroad accidents involving passenger trains or selected freight train accidents that result in fatalities or significant property damage; major marine accidents and any marine accident involving both a public and a nonpublic vessel; pipeline accidents involving fatalities, substantial property damage, or significant environmental damage; selected accidents resulting in the release of hazardous materials in any mode of transportation; and selected transportation accidents that involve problems of a recurring nature or are catastrophic. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) is responsible for ensuring the safety of civil aviation; it is functions as agency within the US Department of Transportation. Purpose The Federal Aviation Act of 1958 created the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) and gave it broad authority to combat aviation hazards as well broad rulemaking power. In addition, the FAA has sole responsibility for developing and maintaining a common civil-military system of air navigation and air traffic control. In 1968, Congress gave the FAA the power to set aircraft noise standards. Today, the agency's mission is "to provide the safest, most efficient aerospace system in the world." Mrs. Christina Reale for letting me get an behind the scenes look at Syracuse International Airport and everyone else that Charles Everett for getting me the behind the scenes access to Syracuse John Hancock International Airport My mom and dad for driving me all the way up to Syracuse, New York Miss Kim for helping me with this project Genisock2. "File:Plane Crash into Hudson Rivercroped.jpg." Wikimedia Commons. 15 Jan. 2009. Web. 13 Jan. 2011. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Plane_crash_into_Hu dson_Rivercroped.jpg>. US Government. "File:US-NTSB-Seal.svg." Wikimedia Commons. 30 Aug. 2007. Web. 14 Jan. 2011. <http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:US-NTSB-Seal.svg>.