Title
Project
BEBB
Better
Environment - Better Business
Sub-title
PLACE PARTNER’S
LOGO HERE
European Commission
Enterprise and Industry
Environmental audit | 02. October | 2013
Environmental
management
system
ISO 14001:2004
Environmental audit
Environmental management system
Interaction between population, consumption
and environmental impacts
x
Global
population
Consumption
=
Global Environmental
Impact
Environmental
Technologies
Environmental protection in the past 20 years
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•
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Lack of integrated environmental strategy
Focus on manufacturing and industrial sector
Economic and Environmental objectives in conflict
Legal control more than voluntary compliance
Not satisfy level of innovative technologies
introducing
What do we need in the 21st century?
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•
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•
•
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Think (Green) more efficiency system
Involvement of all staff
Design for productivity (sustainable models)
Consider efficiency of energy and raw materials
Monitoring of growth (i.e. business expansion)
Government incentives/flexibilities (to encourage)
Prevention and minimization of the negative impacts
Support from management level
Voluntary self compliance
Environmental Management can be done through:
Waste minimization
Waste reduction
Waste recycling
Utilization and final treatment
Prevention
Minimization
Recycling
Utilization
Dump
What is ISO?
• ISO - International Organization for Standardization
• Non - Governmental organization
• Began its official functions on 23th of February, 1947
• Today there are 163 members (countries) and 3.368 technical
bodies to take care of standard development
• A standard is a document that provides requirements,
specifications, guidelines or characteristics that can be used
consistently to ensure that materials, products, processes and
services are fit for their purpose.
Mission
Promotion of the development of standardization and
related activities in the world with a view to:
• Facilitate the international exchange of goods and services
• Develop cooperation in the spheres of intellectual, scientific,
technological and economic activity
• In each sector that ISO addresses, business, government,
consumers and other stakeholders recognize and rely on ISO
as the leading platform for the development and dissemination
of globally relevant solutions.
EMS Essential
• EMS when integrated with other management systems
(i.e. QMS), can help achieve environmental and economic
goals
• Enables the organization to develop and implement a
policy and objectives which take into account legal
requirements
and
information
about
significant
environmental aspects.
• Provides the framework for continual improvement on
environmental objectives and targets.
What interesting for me?
• Improved company credibility
• Competitive advantage in the market place
• Reduced trade barrier
• Satisfy stakeholders interest
What interesting for me?
• Reduced raw material usage
• Reduced energy consumption
• Reduced waste disposal cost
• Recoverable resources
• Reduced penalties and insurance premium
• Continuity of operation and increased efficiency
• Fewer accidents
ISO 14000
EMS
ISO 14000
Environmental
aspects, product
Eco labels
Eco performance
Life cycle
analysis
Communication
Green house gas
ISO 14000
Specifies requirements for an environmental management
system to enable an organization to develop and implement a
policy and objectives, and information about significant
environmental aspects.
Prior to the development of the ISO 14000 series, organizations
voluntarily constructed their own EMS systems, but this made
comparisons of environmental effects between companies difficult and
therefore the universal ISO 14000 series was developed.
An EMS is defined by ISO as: part of the overall management system,
that includes organizational structure, planning activities, responsibilities,
practices, procedures, processes and resources for developing,
implementing, achieving and maintaining the environmental policy.
ISO 14004
Provides organizations requiring more general guidance on
a broad range of EMS issues.
ISO 19011
Provides guidelines on auditing quality and environmental
management systems.
The purpose of ISO 14000 standards
• Reduced pollution and negative effects
• Improved utilization of resources
• Does not replace legislative and regulatory requirements
• Does not specify environmental performance criteria
• Encourage of implementation of new eco
technologies and management of the products
• Good reputation for the business and etc.
safety
ISO 14001:2004 STANDARD REQUIREMENTS
EMS Model
Environmental
Policy
Management
Review
Checking
Continual
Improvement
Planning
Implementation &
Operation
Environmental
Policy
Organization &
Personnel
Mgt Review
Regulations, aspects
& impacts
EMS Audits
Objectives &
Targets
Records
Management
Programs
Operational
Control
Management
Procedures
What does an EMS do?
• Establishes the EMS Policy, Objectives and Targets
• Prevents problems rather than fixing them later
• Provides evidence of compliance
• Makes effort for continual improvement
EMS Needs
• Means / methods
• Resources
• Training
• Time frame
• Documentation / reporting
• Communication
• Operational control
Scope
Applicable to any organization that wishes to:
a. establish an EMS
b. assure itself of conformity with its stated environmental policy
c. demonstrate conformity by:
- making a self-determination and self-declaration
- seeking confirmation of its conformance
- seeking confirmation of its self-declaration by external party
- seeking certification/registration
Normative reference
No normative references are cited.
This clause is included in order to retain clause numbering
identical with the previous edition (ISO 14001:1996)
ISO 14001:2004 is developed from
Technical committee ISO/TC 207,
Environmental management, Subcommittee SC 3,
Environmental labeling
General Requirements
• Establish, document, implement, maintain and continually
improve an environmental management system
• Objectively auditing (must be just objectively requirements)
• Define and document the scope
Environmental Policy
• Appropriate to the nature, scale and environmental
impacts of activities, products and services.
• Include a commitment to continual improvement and prevention of pollution.
• Include a commitment to comply with applicable requirements and with
other requirements to which the organization subscribes which relate to its
environmental aspects
• Provide the framework for setting and reviewing environmental objectives
and targets.
• Is documented, implemented, maintained
• Is communicated to all persons working for or on behalf of the organization
• Is available to the public
Environmental Policy
It is the company (organization) to conduct all business
activities in the manufacturing of some product in a responsible
manner for the protection and preservation of the environment.
The company is committed to comply with all applicable
environmental legal and other requirements. Reviewing its
products, activities, environmental objectives and targets for the
conservation of resources, prevention of pollution for continual
improvement.
Environmental Policy
• Should reflect top management’s commitment to
comply requirements, prevention of pollution and
continual improvement
• Area of application should be identified
• Forms the basis for setting the objectives and targets
• Easy to understand by interested parties
Planning
Environmental Aspects
Definitions:
Environmental Aspects: an element of an organization’s
activities or products or services that can interact with the
environment.
Environmental Impact: any change to the environment,
whether adverse or beneficial, wholly or partially resulting
from an organization’s activities, products or services.
Planning
Environmental Aspects
Establish, implement and maintain procedure(s) to:
• identify environmental aspects of its activities,
products and services within defined scope of
the EMS
• determine those aspects that have or can have
significant impact(s) on the environment
Environmental problems
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Global warming
Stratospheric Ozone depletion
Acid rain
Water quality
Air quality
Noise / vibration
Visual impact
Waste management
Contaminated land
Major spills and incidents
Release of genetically manipulated organisms
Issues for the industry
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Air pollution
Water pollution
Water usage and other resource usage
Hazardous substances
Biological hazards
Radiation
Waste
Noise
Community concerns
Wildlife and habitats
Accidents and emergencies
Interface with other heath and safety issues
Aspects - normal,
abnormal, emergency
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Air Emissions
Liquid releases
Waste management
Water management
Land contamination
Use of materials and resources
Noise, odor, dust, vibration, visual impact
Eco systems aspects
Transport / contractors
Other
Identification of aspects - Tools
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Product review (Life cycle analysis)
Site assessment
Product/process data review
Communications review
Compliance audit
Walk through audit
Past performance review
Referred to as Initial review or Preparatory Environmental
Review (PER)
What should be considered in
identifying the environmental aspects?
• Emissions to Air
• Releases to Water
• Releases to Land
• Use of raw materials and natural resources
• Use of Energy
• Energy emitted, e.g. heat, radiation, vibration
• Waste and by-products
Initial Environmental Review
What exactly is an Initial Environmental Review?
• It provides a snapshot of a company’s performance at a
particular point in time.
• It highlights a company’s environmental impacts allowing
action to be taken where it is most required.
• The purpose is to find and evaluate as many areas as
possible in which the company can improve its
environmental performance.
Approach and methods:
Process maps - outlines the process requirements (i.e.
resources) and the outputs including wastes, emissions and
by-products that serve as a baseline for identifying
environmental aspects.
Inputs: raw materials;
energy, resources
PROCESS
Outputs: emissions; byproducts; wastes
Assessment of Significant Aspects
Criteria for Assessment of Significance
• Legislative / regulatory obligation
• Risk to the Environment
• Occurrence of incidents
• Actual and potential nuisance/harm
• International and/or resource usage / resource
management issues
• Lack of information or data to make satisfactory appraisal
Examples of aspects and impacts
Activity/Product/Service
Aspect
Impact
Handling of hazardous chemicals
Potential chemical spill
Soil/land contamination
Stamping process employing
electricity driven equipment
Use of electricity
Resource depletion
Maintenance of process
equipment
Disposal of rags tainted
with oil/grease
Soil and land contamination
Effluent from Sn/Pb plating
Disposal of effluent water
Water Pollution
Steps in evaluating environmental aspects
SELECT AN ACTIVITY, PRODUCT OR SERVICE
IDENTIFY THE ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECT
IDENTIFY THE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
EVALUATE THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE IMPACTS
Criteria for significance evaluation
Evaluation criteria
Severity (S)
Occurrence (O)
Detection (D)
Significance evaluation rating system:
ERPN = S x O x D
ERPN - Environmental Risk Priority Number used to rank order
environmental aspects
Definition
• Severity
Is an assessment of the seriousness of the effect (environmental
impact) to the cause (environmental aspect) to the environment.
• Occurrence
How frequently the specific environmental aspect is projected to
occur (the occurrence number has a meaning rather than a value)
• Detection
Is an assessment of the probability that the existing operational
control(s) or monitoring and measurement(s) will detect
environmental aspect performance weakness, deterioration or
degradation.
Legal and other requirements
Establish, implement and maintain a procedure to:
•
Identify and have access to the applicable legal
requirements and other requirements to which the
organization subscribes
•
Determine how these
environmental aspects
requirements
apply
to
its
Objectives, targets and program(s)
Definitions
• Environmental objectives
Overall environmental goal, consistent with the environmental
policy that an organization sets itself to achieve.
• Environmental target
Detailed performance requirement, applicable to the organization
or parts thereof, that arises from the environmental objectives and
that needs to be set and met in order to achieve those objectives.
Objectives, targets and program(s)
• Establish, implement and maintain documented environmental objectives
and targets at relevant function and level within the organization.
• In setting objectives, consider:
−
Legal and other requirements
−
Significant environmental aspects
−
Technological options
−
Financial, operational and business requirements
−
Views of interested parties
• Consistent with the policy including commitment to the prevention of
pollution.
• Commitments to continual improvement
Objectives, targets and program(s)
• Establish, implement and maintain
for achieving its objectives and targets.
a
program(s)
• Program(s) should include
− Designation of responsibility for achieving and targets
at relevant functions and levels of the organization
− Means and time-frame by which they are to be
achieved.
Objectives, targets and program(s)
ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS AND IMPACTS
Objectives/targetsQuantified – what and when
Programs
Who, what, when, how,
Resources, knowledge
ENVIRONMENTAL
POLICY
LEGAL AND OTHER REQUIREMENTS
INTERESTED PARTIES
COMMITMENTS
OBJECTIVE 1
TARGET 1
proograms
OBJECTIVE 2
TARGET 2
OBJECTIVE 3
TARGET 3
Policy commitment
Reduce waste from operations
OBJECTIVE 1
Reduce the waste generated
By the organization in 3 years
Target 1
Reduce the total waste
Generated by 50% in 3 years
Target 2
Reduce the packaging waste
By 40 % in 2 years,
Target 3
Reduce liquid waste by 30%
In 2 years
Implementation and operation
Resources, roles, responsibility and authority
• Define, document and communicate roles, responsibilities and
authorities in order for facilitate effective environmental
management.
• Provide resources essential to the implementation and control of
EMS.
• Appoint (a) specific management representative (s) with defined
role, responsibility and authority for:
a) Ensuring that the EMS is established, implemented and maintained.
b) Reporting on performance of EMS to top management for review
and as basis for improvement.
Implementation and operation
Competence, training, awareness
• Personnel performing tasks which cause significant
impacts shall be competent
• Identify training needs
• All personnel whose work significant impact receive
appropriate training or take other action
Implementation and operation
Competence, training, awareness
Establish, implement and maintain procedure to make persons
aware of
• Importance of conformity with the EMS
• Significant environmental aspects and related actual or
potential impacts associated w/ their work
• Environmental benefits of improved personal performance
• Roles and responsibilities in achieving conformity
• Potential consequences of departure from specified procedure
Implementation and operation
Communication
Establish, implement and maintain a procedure(s) for
• internal communication among the various levels and
functions of the organization,
• receiving, documenting and responding to relevant
communication from external interested parties.
Implementation and operation
Documentation
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Environmental policy, objectives and targets
Scope of the EMS
Description of the main elements of the EMS and their
interaction and reference to related documents
Docs, including records, required by this standard
Docs, including records, determined by the organization to be
necessary to ensure the effective planning, operation and
control of processes related to significant environmental
impacts.
Implementation and operation
Document Control
• Approve documents for adequacy prior to issue
• Review and update as necessary and re-approve documents
• Ensure that changes and the current revision status of documents
are identified
• Ensure that relevant versions of applicable documents are available
at point of use
• Ensure that documents remain legible and readily identifiable
• External documents are identified and their distribution controlled
(e.g. MSDS)
• Prevent unintended use of obsolete documents and apply
identification if retained
Implementation and operation
Operational Control
•
Establish, implement and maintain documented
procedure(s) to control situations
•
Stipulating the operating criteria in the procedure
•
Establish, implement and maintain procedures related to
significant environmental aspects and communicate
requirements to suppliers
Implementation and operation
Emergency Preparedness and Response
• establish, implement and maintain procedures to identify potential
emergency situations and potential accidents
• respond to these situations and prevent or mitigate associated
adverse environmental impacts
• shall periodically review, where necessary, revise procedure after
the occurrence of accidents or emergency situations
• Shall periodically test such procedures where practicable
Checking
Monitoring and Measurement
• monitor and measure the key characteristics of its operations
that can have significant environmental impact
• include the documenting of information to monitor
performance, applicable controls and conformity with the
organization’s objectives and targets
• ensure calibrated or verified monitoring and measurement
equipment is used and maintained
Checking
Evaluation of Compliance
• Establish, implement, and maintain a procedure for
periodically evaluating compliance with applicable legal
requirements.
• Shall evaluate compliance with other requirements to which it
subscribes
Checking
Nonconformity, corrective action and preventive action
Establish, implement, and maintain a procedure for dealing with actual and
potential nonconformity and for taking corrective and preventive action.
Procedural requirements:
• Identifying and correcting nonconformities and taking actions to
mitigate their environmental impacts.
• Cause analysis and taking action in order to avoid their recurrence
• Evaluating the need for action to prevent nonconformities and
implementing appropriate action to avoid their occurrence
• Recording results of CAPA
• Reviewing effectiveness of actions taken.
Checking
Control of Records
• Establish, implement and maintain a procedure for
a. Identification
b. Storage
c. Protection
d. Retrieval
e. Retention
f. Disposal of records
• Records shall remain legible, identifiable and traceable
Checking
Internal Audit
• Establish program(s) for periodic EMS audits to be carried out to:
a. Determine if the EMS conforms to planned arrangement and has
been properly implemented and maintained.
b. Provide information on the results of audits to management.
• Frequency based on importance of activity concerned and results of
previous audits
• Procedures covers scope, frequency, methodology , as well as
responsibilities and requirements for conducting and reporting results.
• Audit system shall ensure objectivity and the impartiality of the audit
process
Checking
Management Review
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•
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Review the EMS to ensure continued suitability, adequacy and effectiveness.
Assessing opportunities for improvement
Inputs to management review:
a. Internal audit results
b. Evaluation of compliance to legal and other requirements
c. Communication from external interested parties, including complaints
d. Environmental performance
e. Extent to which objectives and targets have been met
f. Status of CAPA
g. Follow-up action from previous management review
h. Changing circumstances
i. Recommendations for improvement
Checking
Management Review
Outputs to management review:
Decisions and actions related to possible changes to:
• Policy
• Objectives
• Targets
• Other elements of the EMS (continual improvement)
Difference between ISO 14001 and EMAS
ISO 14001 and EMAS, are based on the same conditions.
The implementation of an environmental management
based on ISO 14001, can be seen as a step to EMAS
registration.
The main difference between EMAS and ISO 14001 is
limited to a duty to the company to publish a statement on
environmental issues that are identified.
Difference between ISO 14001 and EMAS
The EMAS requirements include those of ISO 14001, but with
Regulation (EC) № 1221/2009, introducing some new elements that
further enhance the credibility of the scheme. This is actually the
reference scheme for environmental management through which the
organization besides introducing an effective system of environmental
management:
Provide public access to its environmental statement certified by
independent accredited expert - environmental verifier;
EMAS, continuously improving the environmental performance;
All employees are committed to active participation.
Continuous compliance with the legislation on the environment is
ensured by additional government oversight.
To remind the important !
Policy
Procedures
Evidence
Work Instructions
Daily Records
Define, what will be done ?
Who, When,
Where ?
How ?
Steps of EMS Implementation
Approach
Tasks
Templates / Examples
Duration
Initial EMS
Planning
Baseline
assessment
Initial Environmental
Review checklist
Gap analysis report
2 weeks
Environmental Policy
2 weeks
Management Commitment
Steps of EMS Implementation
Approach
PLAN
Tasks
Templates
Examples
Duration
Environmental Aspect
(EA) identification
Environmental Aspect
Register
2 weeks –
1 month
Identification &
compliance with legal
and other requirements
Legal and other
requirements register
2 weeks
Evaluating
environmental aspects
Environmental aspect
identification and
evaluation procedure
2 weeks –
1 month
Developing Objectives
& Targets with
Programmes
List of objectives, targets
and programmes
2 weeks
Steps of EMS Implementation
Approach
DO
Tasks
Templates
Examples
Duration
Developing EMS
documentation
EMS Manual
EMS procedures
1 month
Developing operational
control procedures
Operational control
procedures and work
instructions
1-2
months
Implementation of the
EMS
Organization chart &
responsibilities
Training plan
Training materials
Guidance notes for supplier
control
Communication records
Forms for implementing
procedures
2-3
months
Steps of EMS Implementation
Approach
Tasks
Checking, audit
CHECK
Templates
Examples
Monitoring plan
Audit plan
Audit checklist
Audit report
Corrective action &
preventive action report
Duration
1 month
Steps of EMS Implementation
Approach
ACT
Tasks
Review
Templates
Examples
Management review report
Total duration 8 – 12 months
ISO 14001 Certification OR Self-declaration of ISO 14001 EMS adoption
Duration
2 weeks
ISO 14001 is based on the same principles as ISO 9001,
making the process of integration easy with another
standards, ISO 9001, BS OHSAS 18001 etc.
EMS shall helps, your
business to become
more ecofriendly and
successful.
Think logically, act
environmentally !
Thank you for the attention!
CHAMBER OF COMMERCE & INDUSTRY STARA ZAGORA
66, Rakovski Str., POB 122, 6000 Stara Zagora, Bulgaria
tel./fax +359 42 626033, 626297, 639627
[email protected]
www.chambersz.com
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Environmental Aspects