Community Wildfire Protection Plans Pikes Peak Wildfire Prevention Partners Workshop Presented by: Marti Campbell April 12, 2014 Old Story, Same Plot “Your own safety is at stake when your neighbor’s wall is ablaze.” Horace (b 68 BC, d 27 BC) csfs.colostate.edu Why Live in the WUI? People choose to live in the WUI for many reasons, including: • Aesthetic value • Natural vegetation • Privacy • Recreation csfs.colostate.edu Forest Risk Management Research has shown that reducing forest fuels helps lower fire intensity: • Lower fire intensity results in less environmental damage to forests, soils, watersheds and wildlife habitat • Thinning the forest helps make them more resilient to insects and diseases csfs.colostate.edu Privacy Using vegetation to maintain privacy may create a hazard: • Access to your home may limit emergency response • Vegetation too close to your home is a fire risk for you and fire personnel • The forest may be severely impacted by insects, disease or fire csfs.colostate.edu Recreation • Many people associate recreation with campfires • Up to 90 percent of wildfires are caused by human actions and errors csfs.colostate.edu Living in the WUI If you live in the WUI, it is your responsibility to: • Reduce the risk of wildfire to your home and property • Participate in neighborhood safety programs • Be a good steward of the forest • Protect the natural resources around your home csfs.colostate.edu Risk Management We each manage risk every day: • Lock doors? • Use a crosswalk? • Have smoke detectors? • Obey traffic laws? csfs.colostate.edu Risk Management Does risk management prevent disasters? • Managing risk reduces the chance of a disaster occurring, but does not eliminate it. • Wildfire risk in the wildland-urban interface (WUI) is well known. • Management of wildfire risk needs to be a priority for everyone who lives and recreates there. csfs.colostate.edu Risk Management csfs.colostate.edu Community Safety Be part of the solution: • Routinely clean gutters and remove flammable vegetation at least 5 feet from your home/structures • Reduce fuels at least 30 feet around your home • Be especially careful with any outdoor fire csfs.colostate.edu Available Programs Although each of these programs have different levels of participation, they all have the same purpose – reducing wildfire risk in the WUI Firewise Home Ready-Set-Go Community Wildfire Protection Plan Firewise Community Fire Adapted Community csfs.colostate.edu Choosing a Program • Community Wildfire Protection Plans are only one of several risk management tools • If you have not already done so, choose a wildfire risk reduction program that fits the needs of your community • Begin planning for a safer community today! csfs.colostate.edu Different Programs – Same Principles • Locate the values and assets • Identify the hazards and risks • Design and accomplish effective projects to protect values and reduce hazards and risks Communities can participate in more than one program. csfs.colostate.edu Focus and Set Priorities • Not all community values are at high risk High Risk Landscape Community Values • Not all high fire risk areas impact the community • Not all treatment methods will be effective in every location csfs.colostate.edu Fuel Mitigation Projects Pros and Cons The community discovers where the hazards are located and decides how to reduce the highest risks to protect what is important to residents The community works together to reduce the risks of catastrophic wildfire csfs.colostate.edu Pros and Cons The document does not address specific local hazards or provide clear, achievable direction for mitigating risks Because it is not specific and/or does not have community support, it ends up sitting on the shelf csfs.colostate.edu CWPP – A Plan of Action • Combine hazards and values to select highest priorities COMMUNITY WILDFIRE PROTECTION PLANS • Form partnerships and get advice from professionals • Design projects in small, achievable “bites” • Write the plan and get it approved csfs.colostate.edu GUIDELINES FOR IMPLEMENTATION Community A community can be defined as a social group of any size whose members reside in a specific locality. Meet with other community members to gather opinions and information about your locality csfs.colostate.edu Taking Action This is not just about your property – get an overview of your neighborhood! csfs.colostate.edu Community Risk • Heavy continuous vegetation • Accumulation of dead or down fuels • Steep slopes • Vegetation crowding road shoulder • Switch back, narrow roads, small bridges csfs.colostate.edu Taking Action Why should the community take action? • Landscape-scale mitigation more effectively reduces fire risk and intensity, helps protect watersheds and other natural resources, and improves forest health and wildlife habitat • Working together increases the safety of all residents and builds a stronger sense of community csfs.colostate.edu Partnerships “Many hands make light work.” John Heywood • • • • • Neighbors Fire Departments Professional Foresters Insurance Companies Local Governments csfs.colostate.edu Implementation Implementation: to carry out; put into action; perform • Work with interested neighbors • Demonstrate mitigation results • Apply for funding assistance if needed for future projects csfs.colostate.edu Use the Plan More than 210 CWPPs have been approved in Colorado; 42 of them are in this three-county area. Is your community covered? http://csfs.colostate.edu/pages/CommunityWildfireProtectionPlans.html csfs.colostate.edu Demonstration Projects • Roadway improvements – clear along the road shoulder to improve emergency accessibility • Common areas (parks, playgrounds) – mitigate to enhance the clean appearance and create a fuelbreak • Schools, commercial buildings – protect the local economy by using Firewise fuels reduction techniques for all to see csfs.colostate.edu Common Area Hazards Reduce the fuels – reduce the risks Before PPWPP Project – D. Strohm csfs.colostate.edu After PPWPP Project – D.Strohm Remove Continuous Fuels Improve the view – and reduce risks Before PPWPP Project csfs.colostate.edu After PPWPP Project Thin, Prune, Clean Up Black Forest School Section 16 Hiking Trail PPWPP Project Before – D. Root csfs.colostate.edu During – D. Root Mitigation Works! Black Forest School Section 16 Hiking Trail Final Project Appearance 2008 After Black Forest Fire 2013 PPWPP Project D. Root csfs.colostate.edu D. Root Keep Moving Make sure the time and work invested in plan development is not wasted: • Use and update the information in your CWPP and assessment to stay on track • Recognize that completed projects will require maintenance • Move projects up the list as others are completed csfs.colostate.edu Funding Opportunities CSFS Natural Resources Grants and Assistance Database http://nrdb.csfs.colostate.edu/ csfs.colostate.edu Your Mission • Develop a successful, ongoing fuels reduction implementation program • Take action to protect community values in area of high fire hazards with effective mitigation treatments • Lead by example, encourage participation • Take time to tell new residents what you are doing and why it is important for them to join in the effort csfs.colostate.edu Other Resources Your Colorado State Forest Service District Forester: • Dave Root, Woodland Park, 719-687-2921 (Park and Teller counties) • Kristin Garrison, Franktown, 303-660-9625 (Douglas County) Websites: www.csfs.colostate.edu www.firewise.org www.fireadapted.org www.ppwpp.org csfs.colostate.edu Thank you!