In Order to qualify for CDBG funding a project must meet
one of three National Objectives
Activities Benefiting
Low-Moderate Income Persons/Households
To aid in the Prevention/Elimination of Slums & Blight
Urgent Need
Area Benefit
◦ Census Tract
◦ Survey
Limited Clientele
◦ Presumed
◦ Income Eligibility
◦ Nature/Location
(1) Those based on area
(2) Those serving a limited
(3) Those involving housing,
◦ Rehabilitation
◦ New Housing
The criteria for how an activity
may be considered to benefit
L/M income persons are
divided into four
Job Creation/Retention
◦ Job Created/Jobs Retained
(4) Those involving
employment (jobs).
Typical area benefit activities include:
• Street-Road Improvements,
• Water and Sewer Lines,
• Neighborhood Facilities.
Census Tract Data
The regulations at §570.208(a)(1)(vi) provide that, for purposes of
determining whether a particular area contains a sufficient
percentage of L/M income persons to qualify an activity under the
area benefit criteria, available information from the latest Decennial
Census shall be used to the fullest extent feasible. The data shows
the number of persons that resided in each such tract/block group
at the time of the last census and the percentage of such persons
who were L/M income (based on the CDBG definition) at that time.
The data contains both the total number of persons in each
tract/block group that is to be combined, as well as the number of
such persons who are L/M income in each such tract/block group.
Thus, it aids in determining whether a particular area benefit activity
may be assisted with CDBG funds under the national objective of
benefit to L/M income persons.
If a grantee has reason to believe that the available census data do
not reflect current relative income levels in an area, or where the
area does not coincide sufficiently well with census boundaries, HUD
will accept information obtained by the grantee from use of a special
survey of the residents of the area.
Generally, a survey is used to re-compute the percentage of L/M
income persons residing in a service area. The survey results may be
used to show that the entire area served by the activity exceeds 51%
and thus qualify the activity under the L/M income area benefit
Total Families (households)
# Responses
# Persons
# LMI Persons
% LMI Persons (must equal 51% or larger)
[Note: None responses must be assumed to be above Section 8
income guidelines]
Total number of families in target area.
Total number of families interviewed.
Total number of LMI families interviewed.
Total number of persons in LMI families interviewed.
Total number of non-LMI families interviewed.
Total number of persons in non-LMI families interviewed.
Average size of the LMI family interviewed. (#4 / #3)
Average size of the non-LMI family interviewed. (#6 / #5)
Proportion of families interviewed that are LMI families. (#3 / #2)
Proportion of families interviewed that are non-LMI families. (#5 / #2)
Estimate number of LMI families in the target area.
Estimate number of non-LMI families in the target area. (#1 * #10)
Estimate number of LMI persons in the target area.
Estimate number of non-LMI families in the target area. (#8 * #12)
Estimate number of persons in the target area.
Estimated percentage of LMI persons in the target area. (#13 / #15)
(#1 * #9)
(#7 * #11)
(#13 + #14)
A L/M income limited clientele activity is an activity which provides benefits to a specific group of
persons rather than everyone in an area generally. It may benefit particular persons without regard
to the area in which they reside, or it may be an activity which provides benefit on an area basis but
only to a specific group of persons who reside in the area. In either case, at least 51% of the
beneficiaries of the activity must be L/M income persons.
To qualify under this subcategory, a limited clientele activity must meet one of the following tests:
Exclusively benefit a clientele who are generally presumed by HUD to be principally L/M income
persons. The following groups are currently presumed by HUD to be made up principally of L/M
income persons:
abused children,
elderly persons,
battered spouses,
homeless persons,
adults meeting Bureau of Census’ definition of severely disabled persons*,
illiterate adults,
persons living with AIDS, and
migrant farm workers.
*Persons are classified as having a severe disability if they: (a) used a wheel-chair or had used another special aid for six months or longer; (b) are unable to
perform one or more “functional activities” or need assistance with an “ADL or IADL”; (c) are prevented from working at a job or doing housework; or (d) have a
selected condition including autism, cerebral palsy, Alzheimer’s disease, senility or dementia, or mental retardation. Also, persons who are under 65 years of age
and who are covered by Medicare or who receive SSI are considered to have a severe disability.
Activities that would be expected to qualify under the L/M income Limited
Clientele subcategory include:
 Construction of a senior center,
 Public services for the homeless,
 Assistance to L/M income persons developing a microenterprise,
 Meals on wheels for the elderly, and
 Construction of job training facilities for severely disabled adults.
Income Eligibility
Current Section 8 Income Guidelines
Altoona Metro Area: FY 2012 Median Family Income: $55,600
ADJUSTED INCOME LIMITS (by household size)
Persons 8 Persons
30% Extremely Low
1 Person 2 Persons 3 Persons 4 Persons 5 Persons 6 Persons 7
$11,700 $13,400
50% Low Income
$19,500 $22,250
80% Moderate
$31,150 $35,600
Housing includes new construction, rehabilitation and delivery costs. Housing rehabilitation includes “handyperson”, paint, smoke detector and lock installation programs as well as water and sewer connections to
Construction of Housing: Construction of new housing, including the acquisition of the land on which the housing
will be construction.
Direct Home Ownership Assistance: Assistance provided to facilitate homeownership may be in the form of
subsidizing interest rates and mortgage principal amounts, payment of closing costs and down payment
assistance for low-and-moderate income homebuyers, acquiring guarantees for mortgage financing from
private financing from private lenders and financing the acquisition by low-and-moderate income persons of
housing they already occupy.
Rehabilitation; Single Unit Residential: Includes loans and grants for the rehabilitation of privately owned homes.
Rehabilitation; Multi-Unit Residential: Includes rehabilitation of buildings with two or more residential units.
Public Housing Modernization: Includes the rehabilitation of housing units owned/operated by a public housing
authority (PHA) or an Indian housing authority (IHA)
Rehabilitation; Other Publicly Owned Residential Buildings: Includes housing that is owned by a public entity other
than a PHA or IHA.
Energy Efficiency Improvements: Rehabilitation program for the sole purpose of promoting energy efficiency (e.g., a
weatherization program).
Acquisition for Rehabilitation: When property is acquired in order that it may be rehabilitated for housing. This may
be used to reflect the cost of only the acquisition if the rehabilitation costs will be paid from another source or it
may also include both the costs of aquistion and rehabilitation if the cost of the rehabilitation is also paid with
Lead-Based Paint/Lead Hazard Test/Abatement: When the primary goal of a housing rehabilitation activity is for
lead-based paint and hazard evaluation and reduction.
Residential Historic Preservation: Rehabilitation of historic residential structures.
Economic activities designed to create or retain permanent jobs, at least 51 percent of which (computed on a full
time equivalent basis) will be made available to or held by LMI persons may qualify under the Job Creation or
Retention category of the LMI Benefit national objective.
The following requirements must be met for jobs to be considered created or retained.
If grantees fund activities that create jobs, there must be documentation indicating that at least 51 percent of the jobs will be
held by, or made available to, LMI persons.
For funded activities which retain jobs, there must be sufficient information documenting that the jobs would have been lost
without the CDBG assistance and that one or both of the following applies to at least 51 percent of the jobs:
The job is held by a LMI person; or
The job can reasonably be expected to turn over within the following two years and steps will be taken to ensure that the job
will be filled by, or made available to, a LMI person.
Created or retained jobs are only considered to be available to LMI persons when:
(a) Special skills that can only be acquired with substantial training or work experience or education beyond high school are
not a prerequisite to fill such jobs, or the business agrees to hire unqualified persons and provide training; and
(b) The grantee and the assisted business take actions to ensure that LMI persons receive first consideration for filling such
1. Area : Boundary Defined/Qualified
Economic development activities, such as commercial rehabilitation, which aid in the prevention or elimination
of slums or blight in a designated area may qualify under the Area Slum/Blight national objective.
In order to qualify under this national objective category, the economic development activity must take place
in an area that:
1.) The designated area in which the activity occurs must meet the definition of a slum, blighted, deteriorated
or deteriorating area under state or local law;
2.) Additionally, the area must meet either one of the two conditions specified below:
3.) Public improvements throughout the area are in a general state of deterioration; or
At least 25 percent of the properties throughout the area exhibit one or more of the following:
(a) Physical deterioration of buildings/improvements;
(b) Abandonment of properties;
(c) Chronic high occupancy turnover rates or chronic high vacancy rates in commercial or industrial
(d) Significant declines in property values or abnormally low property values relative to other areas in the
community; or
(e) Known or suspected environmental contamination.
Documentation must be maintained by the grantee on the boundaries of the area and the conditions that qualified
the area at the time of its designation. The designation of an area as slum or blighted must be re-determined
every 10 years for continued qualifications.
As stated above, qualified activities must address the identified conditions that contributed to the slum and blight.
2. Spot: Acquisition, Relocation, Clearance, Rehabilitation & Historic Preservation
When rehabilitation is categorized under the Spot Basis category, it must meet the following requirements:
1. The rehabilitation must eliminate specific conditions of blight or physical decay on a spot basis, i.e., not be
located in a designated slum and blight area; and
2. The rehabilitation must be limited to only those conditions that are detrimental to public health and safety.
Interim assistance activities may also qualify under the Urgent Needs national objective if the
activities are designed to alleviate existing conditions (of recent origin or recent urgency)
that the grantee certifies as posing serious and immediate threat to the health or welfare of
the community where the grantee is unable to finance the activity on its own and other
sources of funds are not available.
The following resources are helpful to grantees and subrecipients administering CDBG activities:
Community Development Block Grant Program: Guide to National Objectives and Eligible Activities for Entitlement
Communities (provided in the Appendix and available through HUD).
Some of the resources mentioned as well as other documents and information may be found at the following
Community Connections (1-800-998-9999)
HUD website
CPD home page
CDBG home page
CDBG Search Engine
Labor Relations (labor standards
Income Limits
Office of Management and Budget (OMB) website
OMB Circulars on-line
U.S. Bureau of the Census website
HUDclips (Regulations and Handbooks)
General Con Plan
CPMP tool: (consolidated plan mgmt process)
Relocation and Acquisition
Fair Housing
Healthy Homes and Lead Hazard Control

Community Development Block Grant (CDBG)