WORKING FOR ENERGY PROGRAMME ORIGINS OF THE WORKING FOR ENERGY PROGRAMME Mandate of the Department of Energy. Set in a predominantly grid based environment of the Integrated National Electrification Programme. Set to demonstrate the application of renewable energy to address energy poverty in far flung areas Flows from the Working for Water Programme’s removal of invasive and alien species programme for energy production. Essential element of job creation drive of Government under the incentivised Expanded Public Works Programme (EPWP). Targeting the youth, women, people with disabilities. Focusing in rural areas (and low income peri-urban areas). MANDATE OF THE WORKING FOR ENERGY PROGRAMME Renewable Energy The Working for Energy Programme is aimed : – Applied Research – – Research into the availability and sustainability of renewable energy resources in targeted areas (rural areas and low income urban areas); Emerging Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Technologies – Demonstration of Renewable Energy Technology Applications – – – – – – – – – Biomass to energy initiatives from invasive alien plants and bush encroachment; Production of charcoal derived in an environmentally friendly manner from invasive alien plants and grasses; Biomass to bioenergy (biogas) derived from agricultural waste for rural and nonmunicipal commercial application Development of mini-grid hybrid and smart grid systems fed from various renewable based resources; Mini-hydro systems and run-of-river schemes for non-grid applications. Solar powered electricity generation systems for small scale and minigrid based systems. Waste to energy from municipal and non-municipal solid waste and sewage treatment facilities; Small wind generation for non-grid applications, and Other alternative fuel sources for low cost housing, space heating, cooking and water heating. MANDATE OF THE WORKING FOR ENERGY PROGRAMME Energy Saving Initiatives – Energy management planning and methodology framework for social facilities, homes and SMME businesses, including solar passive design; – Thermal efficiency and energy management for the development and installation of biomass insulation and other materials for application in poor or rural households, subject to SABS approval; – Alternative uses of biomass – Energy management planning methodology and framework for the provision of energy (and water saving technologies, water loss management and leakage monitoring and control as part of energy saving initiatives). – Research studies for energy poverty eradication, sustainable feedstock provisions and alternative fuel sources for low cost housing’s low carbon space heating, cooking and water heating. – Working for Energy Outreach ORIGINAL WORKING FOR ENERGY PROJECTS Incentivised Projects Until 2012/13 Project Type Location Status Bioenergy Cluster Eastern Cape (Alice, Fort Cox and Melani Village) •Fort Cox-Reticulation Incomplete •Melani Village-leaking outlet tank Bioenergy Cluster Western Cape (Phillipi) •Insufficient Biomas •Unworkable mobile gas transportation system. •Relook at sustainable biomass supply options Feasibility study on the Greening of Robben Island Western Cape •No Stakeholder (RIM Council, DAC, DPW, DoE) Agreement. •Ministerial Directive to re-direct funds to schools ands clinics Bioenergy to Power Bela-Bela •No PPA with Eskom, No Wheeling Agreement •Insufficient revenue to sustain phase 1 and enable phase 2 Carbon Fuel Tablet Pretoria West Power Station Slow Service Provider Response Concentrated Photo Voltaic (CPV) Plant Verulam, KwaZulu-Natal •CPV Plant developed and connected to the Ethekwini Municipal Network •Training of UKZN students to install, maintain and service the CPV Plants CURRENT WORKING FOR ENERGY PROJECTS 2013/2014 onwards Project Type Purpose Location Status Bioenergy Cluster Repairs Generation and utilisation of biogas for thermal applications Eastern Cape (Alice, Fort Cox and Melani Village) •Work In Process •Contracts Signed with Fort Cox College for Repairs and College Students Capacity Building •1 bio-digested digester repair and •Reticulation from 2 bio-digested in the College campus Bioenergy Cluster Generation and utilisation of biogas for thermal applications Western Cape (Phillipi) •Work in Process Looking at Options to supply biomass and evacuate biogas produced from 2-biodigestes. Greening of Robben Island Reduction in the dependency of diesel for offshore applications Western Cape •Projects Canned •Fund re-directed to Greening of Schools and Clinics in low income communities Bioenergy to Power (Bela Bela) Electricity generation from biogas Reticulation of biogas for domestic use Bela-Bela •Project Challenged •Reticulation to neighbouring settlement is suspended till sustainability of phase 1 is resolved with stakeholders CURRENT WORKING FOR ENERGY PROJECTS 2013/2014 onwards Project Type Purpose Location Status Melani Village Biogas Expansion Generation and utilisation of biogas for thermal applications Melani Village, Eastern Cape •Project Ongoing •Contracts Signed with University of Fort Hare implementation of project and Capacity Building to science students in the bioenergy field •110 Bio-Digesters contracted Illembe District Biogas project Generation and utilisation of biogas for thermal applications Illembe District , KwaZulu-Natal •Project Ongoing •26 Bio-Digesters contracted Mpfuneko Biogas Project Generation and utilisation of biogas for thermal applications. Mpfuneko, Giyani, Limpopo •Project Ongoing •55 Bio-Digesters contracted WSU RECORD Establish RECORD to promote skills development in RE and EE Studies Eastern Cape •Negotiations have stalled NMMU RECORD Establish RECORD to promote skills development in RE and EE Studies Eastern Cape •Collaboration on going with RECORD and University CPUT RECORD Establish RECORD to promote skills development in RE and EE Studies Western Cape •Collaboration on going with RECORD and University CURRENT WORKING FOR ENERGY PROJECTS Project Type Purpose Carbon Fuel Tablet Location Status Pretoria West Power Station •Slow Response of the service Provider Special Ministerial Projects Greening of Tshireleco High School Demonstrate renewable energy usage even in urban areas Greening of Rural Schools Demonstrate renewable and Clinics energy usage even in urban areas Galeshewe, Kimberly Project Ongoing •SWH, •Efficient Lighting and • Bio-energy digester All Provinces Project Ongoing •SWH, •Efficient Lighting and • Bio-energy digester WORKING FOR ENERGY INITIATIVE (Partnerships) SANEDI-SDC – Joint Funded Project – Research into the availability, feasibility and sustainability of renewable energy resources and energy saving measures to address identified energy poverty and proposed interventions. WORKING FOR ENERGY INITIATIVE (Partnerships) SANEDI-National Development Agency (NDA) Partnership Contract Signed – Project Type Development of a partnership to provide food-energy nexus in public and community based projects Purpose Location/ Province Waste to Energy Hub Feasibility Study of Using municipal/ non municipal waste to Energy (co-generation) KwaZulu-Natal Province Waste to Energy Hub Feasibility Study of Using municipal/ non municipal waste to Energy (co-generation) Western Cape Province Greening of Tygerkoof Combined School Utilisation of Renewable and Energy Efficient intervention in Public Facilities North West Province Greening of Community Facility Application of Renewable and Energy Efficient intervention in a Community Facilities Mbashe Village, Amathole District Eastern Cape Renewable Energy and related appliance Production To produce energy from agricultural waste and development of associated facilities Ubuhlebezwe Municipality Sisonke District Municipality KZN Greening of Thusanang Day Care Centre Application of Renewable and Energy Efficient intervention in a Community Facilities Gauteng Province Greening of Agricultural Cooperative Greening of Community Facilities Bojanala District Municipality North West Province WORKING FOR ENERGY INITIATIVE (Partnerships) Cont’d Project Type Purpose Location/ Province Greening of the of the Little Big Soup Cup Community Project Greening of the Multi Purpose Community Development Facility Lieliesfontein Northern Cape Greening of the of the Sabalele Community Greening of the Early Childhood Development Facility Eastern Cape Greening of Agricultural Cooperative Greening of Public Facilities Makhuya Village, Limpopo WORKING FOR ENERGY INITIATIVE (Partnerships) SANEDI-Gauteng Department of Infrastructure Development Partnership – Greening of Schools four new schools in Gauteng Province – Greening of the Father Smangaliso Mkhatshwa Youth and Child Centre Future Partnerships – – – – – – Greening of refurbished schools Greening of clinics Green Transport Waste to Energy Solar Roof tops Fuel Substitution WORKING FOR ENERGY AWARENESS, CAPACITY BUILDING AND SKILLS DEVELOPMENT The working for Energy Programme is part of the EPWP, and must fulfil the following objectives: – – – – Promotion and advocacy of green technologies Skills development Job Creation and empowerment of vulnerable groups (Youth, women and people with disabilities). In future, the Working for Energy Programme will also look at : – Collaboration with INEP, Integrated Energy Centres (IECs) to determine suitable new and renewable energy options for hot and arid areas such as the Northern Cape; – Green Village Initiatives – Waste to Energy Options – Solar Refrigeration – Solar PV paints – Other Leading global technologies in partnership with international Energy research institutes. CONCLUSIONS Working for Energy needs to be funded. There is a need for the Department of Energy to create certainty in SANEDI as to the sustainability of the Working for Energy Programme in terms of funding. – – SANEDI need to establish a robust internal team to drive the process Donor funding and partnerships have their limited role. Working for Energy will naturally have many small and diverse projects across the country. Its capacity to undertake contract management, procurement management, monitoring and evaluation and post implementation support needs to be underscored. Working for energy projects have a mix of technology development, demonstration and application. These phases will manifest almost in all projects being implemented. – The work with universities and other research institutions such as: – – – Agricultural Research Council Water Research Council International Research Institutions CONCLUSIONS (Cont’d) There is benefit for SANEDI to form partnerships with organisations mandated to undertake rural development and poverty alleviation, such as: – – – – – – National Development Agency Department of Environmental Affairs Departments of Agriculture and Rural Development Department of Infrastructure and Development Departments of Human Settlements, etc To this end, stakeholder management and engagement will form a notable part of the Programme architecture It needs to be noted that even if the Working for Energy Programme falls under the “Working for” Programmes, it is capital intensive and the yields of jobs and skills development cannot match those of other programmes in the Environment and Culture Cluster.