Dr. Hany Elghazaly
ENERGY RESEARCH CENTER - ERC
Cairo University
&
AEEE Member
September 2013

Technical and Managerial Barriers:
Although many efforts have been carried out to
improve awareness, further efforts are still needed
especially at the decision maker level.
Lack of operating and calibrated energy measuring
instruments and absence of forms and records for
energy consumption add to the awareness problem
on the plant level.
Absence of national codes and standards for
energy
consumption
as
well
as
energy
benchmarking for energy utilization efficiency in
industrial processes.
Absence of skilled technicians.

Financial Barriers:
No incentives or rebate policy for energy
conservation projects, except the bonus offered for
power factor.
Subsidized energy prices.
 High cost of finance (10% - 14%)
 Instability in Exchange rate.
The financial sector is lacking alternative financial
instruments for financing projects.
Financial institutions are lacking knowledge and
experience regarding the true risks of financing
energy efficiency projects.

Legal and Other Barriers:
The legal system suffers from complex and slow process
for resolving legal disputes specially when measurements
and verification protocols are considered for evaluating
the savings.
Slow or no process for resolving:
A) Non legal connections
B) Lack of efficiency at the distribution and consumption
side
C) Lack of Mandatory labeling system for the imported
electric equipment
D) Lack of awareness and education for consumers



A SUSTAINED AND PLANNED ACTIVITY.
AN INTEGRATED APPROACH.
MORE EFFICIENT USE OF ENERGY WITHOUT
REDUCING PRODUCTION LEVELS OR LOWERING
PRODUCT QUALITY, EMPLOYEE MORALE OR
ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS.
 Evolves
an Overall Energy Strategy
 Creates Participation and Total Commitment
from Top Management.
 Implements a Systematic Management Action
Plan.






For each company implementing ISO 50001, a team of 2-4
persons are required
For every 100 companies implementing ISO 50001, a
company of 4-8 persons shall be established to provide
consultations
For every 200 companies implementing ISO 50001, a
company of 5-8 persons shall be established to provide
Training
For every 200 companies implementing ISO 50001, a
company of 5-10 persons shall be established to provide
Measurements
For every 100 companies implementing ISO 50001, a
company of 5-10 persons shall be established to provide
Certification
Thousands of jobs shall be created in the fields of ESCOs,
Production Companies, …etc.
At Least 100 thousands of new jobs with real
value shall be created in the fields of EE, ESCOs,
Production Companies, …etc. These include:
1) EE electricians able to install Electronic Ballast,
Induction lamps , LED lamps, Occupancy sensors …etc.
2) Energy Technicians able to install Speed Control
Drivers , Soft Starters and Capacitors for Power Factor
Correction, …etc.
3) Renewable Energy electrician , able to install and
service Solar Water Heaters, PV and Wind Turbines.
4) Energy Managers for Factories, Governmental
Buildings , Public Utilities , large Residential Buildings
that can manage the electric energy inside their
facilities; such a project will create huge numbers of
new jobs.
1- Mandatory ISO 50001 for Large Consumers and
Governmental Buildings.
2- Distribution of 50 Million Locally made CFL < 20W of
High Power Factor via school students and payment by
installment LE 0.75 per month for 18 month. Each CFL
will save at least 2 pounds per month on base of 4
hours/day working time. This project will create at least
5000 new jobs in 10 National Factories. Each of them to
be contracted with 5 Million CFL per year, providing
real localization of at least 40% of the product in Egypt.
This project will also save up to 3G of electrical demand
assuming only 50% of the 50M lamps are working.
3-Massive Training Program for Electricians and
Technicians.
4-Massive Training Program for Energy Managers.
5-Changing of 4 Million Street Lighting Fixtures that
are using 400 and 250 watt sodium lamps and
Magnetic Ballast with 150 watt supper sodium
lamps with Dimmable Electronic Ballast . With the
help of ERC, Universities and 5 National Factories,
this project can create > 3000 new jobs and will
save Egypt up to 5 GW of added power stations.
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Prospects for ISO 50001 in Egypt