New GHS / OSHA Requirements
January 2014
• Introduction
• What is GHS / OSHA HazCom 2012?
• What is an SDS?
• What is a GHS compliant label?
• GHS Pictograms
• Timelines for implementation.
• How does my Company become compliant?
Requirements for chemical labels are regulated by OSHA in the U.S. and individual
countries throughout the world use their own requirements to communicate any
hazards to the end user or in the workplace during manufacture. Today, we are in an era
of global commerce, where the typical supply chain can span many countries across the
The United Nations and the International Labor Organization (ILO) has determined that
a universally understood communication system is needed to classify and label
chemicals in order to convey any hazards and risks to human health to all users.
Under this directive, the Globally Harmonized System of classification and labeling of
chemicals, otherwise known as GHS, was created.
What is GHS and Hazcom 2012?
GHS and OSHA HazCom 2012 is one and the same. OSHA has decided to align its Hazard
Communication to the Global Harmonized System (GHS).
GHS will require all manufacturers to re-assess each chemical under the new 16
classifications of physical hazards criteria.
Transitioning to this new system is a daunting task for any manufacturer and will involve
both upstream and downstream supply chain partners.
Recognizing the burden this places on manufacturers, a gradual phase in period was
implemented, providing a limited grace period. In Europe, this period ended in December
of 2012 and all products sold to any European Union countries should be GHS compliant.
What is an SDS?
An SDS is simply a “Safety Data Sheet”, more familiarly known to most of us in the United
States and Canada as an MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet).
The new SDS format is similar to the familiar MSDS, but has 16 sections in a specific order,
and also includes information on Ecological impact, Disposal considerations, Transport and
regulatory information.
The SDS must also include GHS pictograms which are diamond shaped symbols, that are in
black print on a white background, with red borders. This new regulation will require SDS’s
to be printed on a color printer.
GHS labeling requirements
Under GHS regulation, there are 6 basic elements that must appear on any chemical label
when shipped. These six elements are:
• Product Identifier – the name of the pure substance or mixture. This product identifier
must also be exactly the same on the associated SDS.
• GHS Pictograms – one or more of 9 different diamond shaped symbols as appropriate
to convey information about any hazards or risks associated with the product.
(see slides 8 & 9 for detailed descriptions)
• Signal Words – “Warning” or “Danger” are the only authorized signal words.
• Hazard Statements – These statements describe the nature and degree of the hazard.
GHS labeling requirements (cont.)
• Precautionary Statements – Must relate to the GHS pictogram(s) and describe
measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent any risks associated with the
hazard(s). Example: “Keep away from heat/sparks/open flames/hot surfaces” in
relation to a pictogram that shows explosive danger and a hazard statement such as
“Heating may cause an explosion”
• Supplier Information – must include the name, address and telephone number of
the manufacturer, supplier or other responsible party.
*Not part of the GHS requirement is supplementary information, which can be any other voluntary
information that the manufacturer, supplier or responsible party wishes to convey to the user. This
is not required by GHS, but any information given must not conflict with GHS standards.
Example – “avoid entry into streams or waterways”. Or “Dispose of empty containers responsibly”.
GHS Pictograms & Hazards
Exclamation Mark
Irritant – skin & eyes
Skin sensitizer
Acute toxicity
Narcotic effect
Respiratory tract irritant
Hazardous to Ozone layer
Health Hazard
Reproductive Toxicity
Respiratory Sensitizer
Target Organ Toxicity
Aspiration Toxicity
Self heating
Emits flammable gas
Self -reactive
Organic peroxides
Skull & Crossbones
Acute Toxicity
(Fatal or Toxic)
GHS Pictograms & Hazards (cont.)
Flame Over Circle
Gas Cylinder
Gases Under Pressure
Environment (not mandatory)
Aquatic Toxicity
Skin corrosion / burns
Eye Damage
Corrosive to Metals
Exploding Bomb
Organic Peroxides
GHS Timelines
• December 1st, 2012 – Employers are responsible to train all employees on GHS
formatted labels and SDS’s. Employees must be made aware of new pictograms and
their meaning.
• June 1st, 2015 – Manufacturers and Suppliers must ship all products with GHS
compliant labels and SDS.
• December 1st, 2015 – Distributors must ship all products with GHS compliant labels and
SDS. Distributors get an additional 6 months grace period to exhaust any stock
products that are not GHS compliant.
Ultrachem’s Timeline
Ultrachem has achieved many milestones in it’s almost 50 year history and is
known throughout the industry as being first in many areas. Our strategy is to be
far ahead of the curve in GHS compliance as well.
We are currently in the process of re-assessing all materials used to manufacture
our products and creating GHS compliant SDS and labels.
This process will evolve over the first half of 2014 and you may begin to see
products delivered with GHS complaint labels very soon. Our goal is to have fully
GHS compliant labels on all shipments by the end of 2014.
SDS’s require updated information from our suppliers and many have different
timelines to reach full compliance. Because of this situation, GHS compliant SDS’s
may take longer to reach Ultrachem and therefore, could create delays for us.
How Does My Company Become Compliant?
If Ultrachem designs and supplies your private label package, we will begin working
on revising your labeling and packaging for GHS. We will supply drafts of the
proposed changes needed to allow your Company to become fully compliant.
Remember, when GHS takes effect, it will be against the law for Ultrachem to ship
product that does not have GHS compliant labels.
If you re-label your own packages at your location, you must also adhere to GHS
requirements. OSHA fines are $7000.00 per instance. Once fined, if OSHA re-inspects
a product that was not compliant a second time, the fine becomes $70,000 per
If your Company supplies it’s own labels to Ultrachem, it is your responsibility to
make sure the package is GHS compliant before the deadline. After December 1st,
2015, Ultrachem can not ship any products with non-compliant labels.
Questions ???
New regulations are almost always very daunting and confusing. We’re sure this new
regulation will bring many questions and concerns. Rest assured, Ultrachem will help
you every step of the way.
Speak to your sales professional regarding any questions or reservations you may have
about these new requirements. WE’RE HERE TO HELP!!

GHS Customer info presentation