STATUS OF FOREST RESOURCES IN MALAWI CUSTOM N. NYIRENDA DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY Introduction Forests provide social, economic and environmental beneﬁts They support livelihoods through the provision of shelter, energy, shade, medicinal plants, income and food. Forests contribute to the economy of the country They also are important as carbon sinks and provision of ecosystem services CLASSIFICATION OF FORESTS Classification is based on tenure or type I. Tenure Public forests Customary Private II. Type natural/indigenous plantation forests. NATURAL/PLANTATION FORESTS Total 88 forest reserves for 9,184.51 sq.km Plantations cover 900 sq. km The largest Government plantation is Viphya covers 53,000 Ha Private plantations STATUS OF FOREST RESOURCES Natural forests Miombo woodlands: 92.4% Evergreen: 2.6% Plantations: 5.0% Pine: 3.4% Eucalyptus: 1.1% Others: 0.6% THREATS/CHALLENGES TO FOREST RESOURCES Forest resources in Malawi are under massive pressure Agricultural expansion Human settlement Unsustainable harvesting for energy (Charcoal production) Timber requirements; Uncontrolled ﬁres. Map LULUCF Trend Analysis(simulated future forest cover at the national level) (a) Forest conversion risk map, (b) simulated forest cover for 2015, (c) simulated forest cover for 2020. STRATEGIES FOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF FORESTRY RESOURCES Re-afforestation through promoting participation of local communities in tree planting and forest management Establishment and management of VFAs Strengthening community based forest management PLANTING TRENDS 70,000,000 60,000,000 50,000,000 40,000,000 30,000,000 20,000,000 10,000,000 - Tobacco Levy re-afforestation • In Rumphi, Mzimba, Kasungu, Mchinji, Dowa, Lilongwe, Ntcheu, Balaka, Mangochi Approach Consultations with traditional leaders Sensitisation meetings to promote ownership Training communities Procurement of inputs Strategies to promote afforestation Establishment of nurseries at community level Registration of VNRMCs Provision of farm inputs CHALLENGES TO TREE PLANTING INITIATIVES Survival rate of planted trees Forest fires Provision of incertives by other players in the sector PLANS FOR 2013/14 NFS • Target 60,000,000 • Tobacco Levy afforestation 5,000,000 • Promotion of natural regeneration in areas where trees have been depleted Conclussion Forests play multiple roles in social and economic development; and environmental protection. Therefore, it is important that forests are managed in a sustainable manner.