Water, Sanitation,Food Security,
Waste Management
UN Small
Island
Developing
States
Sept 1-4, 2014
SiIDS 3
Sustainable
Development
Goals
RIO+20
UNFCCC
Mauritius
Implementation
Barbados Plan of
Action
MDG’s
Rio1992
Brundtland
THEME:
Common and Differentiated Responsibilities
and Respective Capabilities
Contentious!
SDG’s:
Taking into account different national
circumstances, capacities and priorities
Indigenous Knowledge and Resilience
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Indigenous knowledge contexts of SIDS Pacific
Pacific imagination – Water continent
Relational
Obligation, duty, responsibility
Community priorities
Connection to cosmos, interdependence of all
living things
Reciprocity and Leadership
Reciprocity
Water shares a genealogy with land who in turn shares a genealogy
with man, the cosmos and the gods. This genealogy is sacred and
invests a legacy of responsibility on all living things (trees, clouds,
volcanoes, water, animals, people) to respect through reciprocity, the
divine balance or harmony they share. This is what Samoans call the va
tapuia – the sacred relations. H.H. Tui Atua Tupua Tamasese Efi
Leadership
Power/wisdom is acquired through working with others and working
the land. For instance Logovae refers to power as ‘both a gift and a
burden’ and adds that ‘while it is a privilege, responsibilities are its
constant companion
Climate:
A Matter of
National
Security?
Floods, Droughts
Salination of Water &
Soils
Severity of Hazards
Climate and Water
Three key areas
• food security and production
• water resource management
• coastal protection.
EEZ – Ocean Territories of Pacific Nations
(red outlines) (Courtesy Clark Peteru)
Coast and Oceans
Water and Food Security
• Imagine if you had 2 glasses of water, and egg, two slices of
toast, fruit and toast, how much water would you have used?
• (FAO) estimates that it takes 135 litres of water to produce
one egg, 40 litres of water to produce one slice of bread and
65 litres per 100 grams of fruit and vegetables. Chickens,
wheat, fruit and vegetables need water to grow, but not as
much cows as pigs. It takes 208 litres of water for one glass of
milk and 2,182 litres to produce half a kilo of pork. It is this
relationship of water to food security
• In atoll countries, limited water and poor soil mean much of
the fruit and vegetables people eat need to be imported,
driving up costs
Indigenous Management of Water
Sili Village
Hawaiian use of Trusteeship law
Fiji LMMNA
Vanuatu Village and Catchment
strategies
Community Decision-making
Community Decision-making
Custom Law
Custom law, its institutions and processes, are being
increasingly recognised in international instruments.
Articles 5 and 34 of the Declaration on the Rights of
Indigenous Peoples propose recognition of the right of
indigenous people to maintain and strengthen their legal
systems and juridical customs, in accordance with
internationally recognised human rights standards.
Custom is a system of law for customary communities,
coexisting with state-made law and drawing its authority
from the fact that it is the law that preceded the state.
(Coverging Currents)
SIDS 3 PARTNERSHIPS
Partnerships
for Water
SDG’s for All Countries
• No reference to UNDRIP; Includes effects of
colonization (Para 15)
• Goal 2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved
nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture
• Goal 6. Ensure availability and sustainable management
of water and sanitation for all
• Goal 10. Reduce inequality within and among countries
• Goal 12. Ensure sustainable consumption and
production patterns
• Goal 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use
of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests,
combat desertification, and halt and reverse land
degradation and halt biodiversity loss
Food Security
Privilege the
integrated systems
of Indigenous
tradition in
development
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SIDS UNANZ Water July14