SETTING UP A LABORATORY
Jim McElwain
College Architect
THE
LAB
HAS A
LAB
WHICH HAS A
LAB
THE
BRADFORTH LAB
HAS A
CHEMISTRY LAB
WHICH HAS A
LASER LAB
LABORATORY TRANSFORMATION
BEFORE
AFTER
The Design and Construction Team
Your School and Department
Building
Shared Resources
Facilities Director
University Divisions
Facilities Management Services (FMS)
Capital Construction Development (CCD)
Outside Consultants
Architect
Engineers
ROLES OF CRITICAL PERSONNEL
Facilities Director (School)
Initiates Project
Makes first contacts with PI
Represents PI and Dean during Design and Construction
Project Manager (CCD)
Coordinates all budgets, Schedules and Contracts
Represents University Interests
Architect/Engineer (Outside)
Prepares legal and construction documents
Contractor (Outside)
Implements construction documents
PROJECT PHASES
1. Project Planning
• Defining Functional Areas
• Identifying Personal Preferences
• School and Department Coordination
2. Project Initiation
• Establishing Budget and Schedule
• Capital Construction Coordination
3. Project Design and Documentation
• Preparing for Bidding and Construction
• Architect/Engineer Coordination
4. Project Implementation
• Construction Contract
• Building Permit
• Contractor and Inspector Coordination
5. Project Completion
• Occupancy and Operation
• Facilities Management Coordination
Defining Functional Areas
1. Wet Laboratory
• Occupied space with extensive
plumbing and chemical fume hoods
• High potential for spills
Defining Functional Areas
1. Wet Laboratory
2. Dry Laboratory
• Regularly occupied space with
benches, tables, instrumentation
• Low potential for spills
Defining Functional Areas
1. Wet Laboratory
2. Dry Laboratory
3. Support Spaces
• Not regularly occupied for extended
periods
• Equipment Rooms
• Instrument Rooms
• Plant or Animal Rooms
• Environmental Control Rooms
Defining Functional Areas
1.
2.
3.
4.
Wet Laboratory
Dry Laboratory
Support Spaces
Student Space
• Assigned space for post-docs and
graduate students
• Unassigned space for undergraduates
• Group space for meetings
Defining Functional Areas
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Wet Laboratory
Dry Laboratory
Support Spaces
Student Space
Offices
• P.I. Office
• Laboratory Staff
• Research faculty
• Conference Rooms
Identifying Personal Design Preferences
Relationship between Laboratory Space and Student Space
STUDENTS WITHIN
LABORATORY
OR
STUDENT SUITE REMOTE
FROM LABORATORY
Identifying Personal Design Preferences
Relationship between Laboratory Space and P.I. Office
OFFICE WITHIN
LABORATORY
OR
OFFICE SUITE REMOTE
FROM LABORATORY
Identifying Personal Design Preferences
Relationship between Openness and Enclosure
OPEN LABORATORY
OR
ENCLOSED LABORATORY
Identifying Personal Design Preferences
Relationship between Windows and Lab
STUDENT STATIONS
BY THE WINDOW
OR
LABORATORY BENCHES
BY THE WINDOW
Identifying Personal Design Preferences
Colors, Materials and Finishes
WOOD CABINETS
SUSPENDED CEILING
PATTERNED FLOOR
OR
METAL CABINETS
OPEN CEILING
MONOLITHIC FLOOR
Project Initiation
Project Initiation
Project Schedule
Planning
DESIGN
18 WEEKS
BID
6 WEEKS
CONSTRUCT
20 WEEKS
Occupancy
Typical Project Hazards
1. Disabled Accessibility
• Fume Hoods
• Sink and faucets
• Counter top and cabinets
Typical Project Hazards
1. Disabled Accessibility
2. Laboratory Exhaust
• Fume Hoods
• Vertical shafts
• Spot exhaust
Typical Project Hazards
1. Disabled Accessibility
2. Laboratory Exhaust
3. Electrical power backup
• Generator
• UPS
• Alarms
Typical Project Hazards
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disabled Accessibility
Laboratory Exhaust
Electrical power backup
Code Requirements
• LA Research Reports
• UL Labels
• Chemical Quantities
• Occupancy Classifications
Typical Project Hazards
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disabled Accessibility
Laboratory Exhaust
Electrical power backup
UL Listing and other Code
requirements
5. Waste Water Management
• Acid Waste piping
• Building Clarifiers
• Sediment Traps
Typical Project Hazards
1.
2.
3.
4.
Disabled Accessibility
Laboratory Exhaust
Electrical power backup
UL Listing and other Code
requirements
5. Waste Water Management
6. Purified water
• Purification levels
• Water distribution
• Spot Polishers
Jim McElwain
College Architect
x15314
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Laboratory Transformation