U.S. IOOS contributions to
monitoring water quality
including nutrients and
harmful algal blooms.
Ru Morrison, Josie Quintrell,
Rebecca Baltes, Gabrielle
Canonico-Hyde, Mario Tamburri
US Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS)
• A tool that enables the Nation to track, predict,
manage and adapt to changes in our marine
environment and delivers critical information to
decision makers to…
Improve safety
Enhance our
economy
Protect our
environment
US Integrated Ocean Observing System (IOOS)
Global Component: Global
Ocean Observing System
National Component:
Composed of 17 U.S.
Federal Agencies
Education
Regional Component: 11 Regional Associations
IOOS National User Needs Synthesis
Marine
Operations
Coastal,
beach and
nearshore
hazards
Ecosystems
and
Fisheries
Water
Quality
Long term trends
http://www.ioosassociation.org
4
Water Quality
Water
Quality
5
Performance Verifications/Demonstrations
 DO Sensors (2004) - Aanderaa (optode), Greenspan
(galvanic cell), In-Situ (optode), YSI (Clark cell)
 Chl-a Fluorometers (2005) - bbe Moldaenke, Chelsea
(2), Hydrolab, Turner (2), WET Labs, YSI
 Turbidity Sensors (2006) - Aquatec, In-Situ, McVan,
WET Labs, YSI
 Nutrient Analyzers (2007) - American EcoTech,
Satlantic, WET Labs, YSI
 C-T Sensors for In Situ Salinity (2008) - Aanderaa,
Campbell, Falmouth, Greenspan, In-Situ, RBR, Rockland, YSI
 pCO2 Analyzers (2009/2010) - Contros, NOAA/PMEL
(Battelle), Pro-Oceanus, Sunburst, YSI
 Hydrocarbon Sensors (2011) - Aquatec, Chelsea (3),
Hach, S:can, Turner Designs, and WET Labs
 pH Sensors (2012/2013) - Aanderaa, Campbell,
Idronaut, In-Situ, Satlantic, Sunburst, YSI
Nutrients Performance Demonstrations
 Transitioning into operations
Great Lakes Mooring Test: YSI
3
Nitrate+Nitrite (mgN/L)
2.5
2
1.5
1
0.5
0
10/1
10/3
10/5
Great
Lakes
Test:10/17
Wetlabs
10/7
10/9
10/11Mooring
10/13 10/15
10/19
10/21
10/23
10/25
10/27
Time
4.0
3.5
Phosphate-P (uM)
3.0
2.5
2.0
1.5
1.0
0.5
0.0
9/30
10/5
10/10
10/15
10/20
10/25
10/30
Time
Mario Tamburri, [email protected]
Data source: N. N. Rabalais, Louisiana
Universities Marine Consortium, and
R. E. Turner, Louisiana State University
Funding from: National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration, Center
for Sponsored Coastal Ocean
Research
http://www.gulfhypoxia.net
Bottom-Water Hypoxia (< 2mg/L) July, 2007
20,500 km2, 7900 mi2
9,000
Area of Mid-Summer Bottom Water Hypoxia
(Dissolved Oxygen < 2.0 mg/L)
8,000
6,000
5,000
4,000
3,000
2,000
1,000
0
n.d.
Square miles
7,000
Data source: N.N. Rabalais, Louisiana Universities Marine Consortium, R.E. Turner, Louisiana State University
Funded by: NOAA, Center for Sponsored Coastal Ocean Research
Dissolved oxygen (mg l-1)
Dissolved Oxygen at 20 m, Station C6C
Wind mixing events
Different responses at bottom
June 2012
Data source:
N. Rabalais, LUMCON
Imaging FlowCytobot (IFCB)
a continuous, automated phytoplankton imaging system
• A new IFCB has been built and was
deployed at UTMSI in August 2012
• The new design is smaller and
lighter and more robust
• Deployed “in the can” in pier lab for
improved stability.
Original design
New design
As deployed at UTMSI
9/2007-3/2012
Dr. Lisa Campbell, Texas A&M University
Vandalism damage 2012
11
Early detection of HABs with IFCB
• IFCB has provided early warning
of 6 HAB events: no illnesses
reported
Dinophysis ovum
Karenia brevis
– Dinophysis ovum in 2008, 2010,
2011, 2012
– Karenia brevis in 2009 and 2011
• Campbell Lab has implemented
automated downloading,
processing, and classification
• Early warning email notifications*
are sent to TPWD and DSHS
within 4 h of sampling if cell
*not manually
counts > 2/mL
verified
Ann Jochens
Sample email message sent in 2011
Kelli Page and Jenn Read, GLOS
Drinking Water Quality:
Huron Erie Corridor Waterways Forecast System
(HECWFS)
Goal:
• Reduce health risks and
costs associated with
pollutant spills in the Lake
Huron to Lake Erie Corridor
Major Elements:
• Link 2d model for corridor
to NOAA Great Lakes
Forecasting System
• Generate 3d public domain
model
• Use 3d model to support
water intake risk
assessment work
SCCOOS and CeNCOOS Involvement with the 2012
Orange County Sanitation District (OCSD) Diversion
http://www.sccoos.org/projects/ocsd-diversion/
Previous/Ongoing SCCOOS Water Quality Projects
1. 2006 City of Los Angeles Hyperion Ocean Outfall
Diversion
2. Tijuana River Plume Tracking
3. Case Study: Areas of Special Biological
Significance (ASBS)
Danielle Williams and Julie Thomas, SCOOS
Supporting Beach Swimming Advisory Decision Making
Issue: Exposure to beach swimming waters with elevated bacterial
levels is a public health concern and one of economic vitality.
Goal:
Develop and implement scientifically-justified, decision-support tools
for accurate and defensible preemptive advisory issuance decisions.
Process: 1.) Data integration and fusion 3.) Model validation
Percent Misclassification
Level 1
60%
50%
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
NMB2
NMB3
MB1
MB2
MB3
MB4
SS
GC
2.) Ensemble model development 4.) Operational support tool
Who is doing it: A partnership among beach managers, tourism interests,
public health officials and the general public including…
Current activities - Beach advisory modeling
Dwayne Porter, [email protected]
U.S.IOOS Coastal Ocean Modeling Testbed, 2010-2012
Estuarine Hypoxia
Shelf Hypoxia
Salinity maps for
coastal ROMS,
NOAA GOM, NRL
IASNFS and
NRL/FSU HCOM
Gulf,
http://pong.tamu.edu
/~mma/sura/anims_
models.php
• Transitioning information to
federal agencies
• Model Comparison
• Conducting sensitivity
experiments
• New, single term hypoxia
model
•
•
•
•
•
Improving Collaboration
Gulf of Maine /
Scituate Harbor Improving Data
Extratropical Domain
Model Development
Supporting Operations
Biogeochemical operating
equations transitioned to
FVCOM community
modeling group in CSDL
18
Helping develop nutrient criteria
• NERACOOS Buoy Observations in the Great
Bay Estuary, NH part of the strategy to
develop nutrient criteria based on protecting
eelgrass habitat
• Provided important information on water clarity
• Autonomous nutrient measurements
• Nutrient monitoring an important part of new
municipal waste treatment compliance
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Thanks to:
Acknowledgements
– Josie Quintrell, Gabrielle Canonico-Hyde, Mario Tamburri, Becky
Baltes,
– Nancy Rabalais, Dwayne Porter, Kelli Page, Jenn Read, Ann
Jochens
– And everyone else from the IOOS Regions, Program Office, and
Association who did all the real work!
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U.S. IOOS Contributions to Monitoring Water