Dagfinn Moe
SINTEF Technology and Society
HiNT
Tallin 16. April 2013
Teknologi og samfunn
1
”The truth about the accident”
(What – How – Why)
Human Factors
Sociology
Psychology
Biology
Interaktion
Road
conditions
Vehicle
Traffic
situation
Injuries
Teknologi og samfunn
2
Two girls, 18 and 17 years old, on the way
to school in a Golf 1987 model
2.gear
Four kids killed and one seriously injured
Head on accident between a Golf 1990 model and a heavy vehicle
Teknologi og samfunn
Teknologi og samfunn
Our behavior and learning
are brainbased
Teknologi og samfunn
NEUROBIOLOGY- NEUROSCIENCE
Anatomy
Biochemistry
Connectome
Teknologi og samfunn
Teknologi og samfunn
10
(Neurons
Gray matter (neurons) and
White matter (nerve fibers)
ca 90 billions and 150–170 000 km nerve fibre)
Teknologi og samfunn
11
We are the Champions my friend..
Teknologi og samfunn
We are the Neurons my friend…
Teknologi og samfunn
Teknologi og samfunn
14
Teknologi og samfunn
Memory -Neural networks
- mental models cognits (J Fuster
- Connectome (Spoorns-Seung)
Teknologi og samfunn
16
Motory,
Activating
muscles
Sensory,
Visuo-spatiale skills,
Associations
”CEO”
Chief Executive Officer
Audio,
balance
Visual
Cerebellum
coordinating
Teknologi og samfunn
Critical developing neurobiological processes
(Luna-2004, Ladoceure-2004, Ernst-2005, Galvan-2006, Dahl-2008)
Controlling your fixations and saccades
Teknologi og samfunn
18
What happens when you are driving and
talking in the cell phone at the same time?
Source: Carnegie Mellon University-2011, Pittsburg Pennsylvania
Driving without distraction
Driving with distraction
Teknologi og samfunn
fMRI-group in Bergen 2008
The effect of alcohol on working memory
(Gundersen, Grüner, Specht and Hugdahl-2008)
sober
bac 0,8
Teknologi og samfunn
20
Maturation and myelination of
nerve fibers
Luna-2010
Teknologi og samfunn
21
Brain
development
«Use it or lose it»
Gogtay, Giedd, et al. (2004) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
Teknologi og samfunn
Remodeling of biochemical systems
(L. Steinberg, Temple University, Philadelfia-2008)
Sexual
maturation
Oxytocine
Friends
Dopamine
Rewards
Braking- and control functions in PFC
«not strong enough yet»
Teknologi og samfunn
Combat between
emotions and cognitive control
•Enhanced response to rewards (dopamin)
and social bonding (oxytocin)
•Reduced activity in areas of the frontal cortex
Teknologi og samfunn
24
Teknologi og samfunn
25
The Limbic System
”heaven and hell”
Memory
Teknologi og samfunn
26
ActionFREEZE
control
”fight -flight”
•survival skills
•alarm off
•mastering
•reward
Teknologi og samfunn
HUMAN EVOLUTION
SURVIVAL
RISK – EXITEMENT - MASTERING
REWARD-LEARNING
Teknologi og samfunn
28
Teknologi og samfunn
29
Teknologi og samfunn
I want to know what sort of changes learning produce
in the neural network,and how is memory
stored and maintained?
Teknologi og samfunn
What is learning?
(Eric R Kandel)
Resting State
Nervecell
Nucleus
Many
pulses
Singel
pulse
of
ofdopamine
dopamine
Teknologi og samfunn
32
Teknologi og samfunn
33
Neuroeducation
It does not mean that every teacher needs to
memorize 50 biochemicals and 50 brain areas
responsible for cognition,emotions and actions
Technology and Society
Mind, Brain and Education Science
Psychology
(Mind)
MBE
Neuroscience
(Brain)
Educational
neuroscience
Pedagogy
(Education)
Technology and Society
What do we know about learning
and the brain?
How can teachers questions
drive neuroscience research?
How can we communicate
this knowledge?
Technology and Society
36
We have to challenge the neural networks,
mental models, the cognits and the connectome
Teknologi og samfunn
37
FRONTAL
LOBES
Frontallappen
Frontallappen
PARIETAL
AND
TEMPORAL LOBES
IsseIsse-ogog
tinninglappen
tinninglappen
Teknologi og samfunn
«POWER OF JOY»
Behavior
Planning
•What kind of
action?
•What was the plan?
• How was the
performance?
• What was the premises?
• State of mind
Reflection
Learning
Consequences
•What happened as a
result of your
behavior?
(negative / positive)
Technology and Society
39
Teknologi og samfunn
The intuitive mind is a sacred gift
and the rational mind is a faithful servant.
We have created a society that honors the servant
and has forgotten the sacred gift.
Albert Einstein 1879-1955
41
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Dagfinn Moe SINTEF Technology and Society HiNT Tallin 16. April