The Role of Parachurch Doing church badly? The Role of Parachurch Definitions and origins of Parachurch Identify lessons learned from your own experience of Parachurch Explore real-life dilemmas between Church and Para-church in mission Implications for growth and development of your own ministry situations Definitions of Parachurch New Shorter Oxford dictionary: ‘A non-institutional church such as a house church’ How would YOU describe it? Definitions of Parachurch Para (Gk) ‘Beside’ or ‘alongside church’ ‘Arm of the local church’ May worship, disciple, do outreach BUT don’t practice the traditional marks of church e.g. sacraments Work beyond boundaries of local church/denomination. Local and international missions Minister to groups inaccessible to average congregation Children and Students Prison Ministries Relief Agencies Origins of Parachurch Viewed as recent phenomenon – Dimension of Post WW2 Evangelicalism (see Mark Noll’s A History of Christianity in the United States and Canada, 1992 ) USA, Canada, UK, Scandinavia and the Continent Born out of necessity Initiative of those who spotted ‘gaps’ in church ministry Often evangelistic – proclamation by teaching Narrow focus – children, students, relief work, TV/Radio Learning from Experience: List the kind of parachurch organisations you have been involved in As a child or adult participant As a church or parachurch leader In your experience, what were the STRENGTHS and WEAKNESSES of their approach to mission and discipleship? Church/Parachurch Tensions Criticism Experimental practices Entrepreneurial leadership which often lacks accountability outside the organisation Competition for donors Clash of commitment dilemmas for volunteers P/C Contribution to Creative Mission Access ‘inaccessible fields’ Train leaders for the church Creative training resources (Navigators) Catalyst for vision, creativity and motivation in mission Wycliffe Bible Translators Jesus Film Tear Fund and World Vision Biblical Foundations? Ralph Winter: 2 dimensions Stationary MODALITIES Synagogue-type Male/Female; Young/Old Self-perpetuating Mobile SODALITIES Missionary ‘band’ (Acts 13:2) Mobile, experienced workers Sent out by local church Limited by sex/age Creative Tension? A Practitioner Perspective So what???? What practical implications might the issues raised in this discussion today have For creative approaches to adult evangelism and discipleship in your ministry context For your own response to tensions between church and parachurch approaches to mission. Bibliography Winter, R.D., ‘The Two Structures of God’s Redemptive Mission’ in Winter, R.D., and Hawthorne S., (eds.), Perspective on the World Christian Movement, (Pasadena: Wm. Carey Library, 1992),pp. 45- 57. (See also Charles Kraft in ‘Dynamic Equivalence Churches’ Missiology: An International Review, 1 No.1, (1973), p.39ff.). Jerry White, The Church and the Parachurch: An Uneasy Marriage, (Portland: Multnomah Press, 1983). David, E. Fitch, The Great Giveaway: Reclaiming the Mission of the Church from Big Business, Parachurch Organisations, Psychotherapy, Consumer Capitalism, and other Modern Maladies. (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2005.) WK Wilner, JD Schmidt & M Smith, The Prospering Parachurch: Enlarging the Boundaries of God’s Kingdom, (San Francisco: JosseyBass, 1998). Nyquist, J.W., ‘Parachurch Agencies and Mission’ in Scott, A, (Ed.) Evangelical Dictionary of World Mission, (Grand Rapids: Baker Books, 2000).