Adolescence Chapter Review Condition in which the growth or maturation of bodily parts is uneven. What is asynchrony? Possible parental interpretation of an adolescent’s unpredictable behavior. What is Adolescent rebellion? Acting in accord with group norms or customs. What is Conformity? The end of childhood and the point when reproduction is first possible; sexual maturation. What is puberty? Small, exclusive group of people within a larger group. What is a clique? Eating disorder characterized by a fear of gaining weight that results in prolonged self starvation and dramatic weight loss. What is anorexia? First menstraul period. What is menarche? Period when males achieve first ejaculation. What is spermarche? Eating disorder characterized by compulsive overeating followed by self-induced vomiting or laxative abuse. What is bulimia nervosa? Ceremonies in which an individual is admitted to new status or accepted into a new position. What are initiation or rites of passage? She theorized that adolescence marked by storm and stress was a by-product of an industrialized society. Who is Margaret Mead? Just before puberty, children experience a. A period of storm and stress b. Menarche or spermarche c. A rapid increase in height and weight d. The development of pubic hair Answer: C Rapid increase in height and weight. Boys who mature early a. Do not do as well in early adulthood. b. Tend to withdraw and rebel c. Are more self-confident d. Tend to be followers instead of leaders. Answer: C Are more self-confident. When asked, what do most adolescents not like about themselves? Their physical appearance. What stage of cognitive development is reached during adolescence? What is Formal operations? Eating disorders are more common in a. Industrialized nations b. Communist countries c. Less-developed countries. d. Culturally diverse countries Answer: A Industrialized countries. Many adolescents develop this “complex” and believe they can save the world from evil. What is the “messiah complex”? This psychologist described some problems adolescents develop as a result of immaturity and abstract thought processes. Who is Dr. David Elkind? A process whereby an individual seeks to explain an often unpleasant emotion or behavior in a way that preserve his or her selfesteem. What is rationalization? A period of inner conflict during which adolescents worry intensely about who they are. What is identity crisis? This psychologist believed that building an identity is a task that is unique to adolescence. Who is Erik Erikson? Albert Bandura’s view of human development which emphasizes interaction with others as most important. What is the social learning theory? Judith Rich Harris claims that this group, not parents, teach their children how to behave in the world. What are peer groups? The sex group (masculine or feminine) to which an individual biologically belongs. What is gender identity? Combining or blending traditionally male and female characteristics. What is androgyny? An oversimplified or distorted generalization about the characteristics of men and women. What is a gender stereotype? The set of behaviors that society considers to be appropriate for each sex. What is gender role? One of the areas with the most significant differences between males and females is a. Math ability b. Aggression c. Verbal ability d. The number of friends they have Answer: B Aggression! This theory states that children acquire gender roles by interacting with their environment and thinking about those experiences. What is the cognitive-developmental theory? This theory explains gender differences as a process that occurs in young childhood when the child identifies with his or her same-sex parent. What is the psychoanalytic theory? Who uses more hedges and disclaimers when talking? Males or Females? Females do. Kind of…I mean…like…. right? Name one characteristic of early developing girls. May feel embarrassed rather than proud. Some begin dating older boys Some become bossy with people their own age. The End! Test Tomorrow! Study! Study! Study!