Introduction to Psychology Frenship High School Psychologist vs. Scientist Think of an adjective that describe a psychologist. Think of an adjective that describe a scientist. SHARE OUT AND DISCUSS Identify the following individuals… Dr. Phil Dr. Melfi (Lorraine Brocco) Dr. Frasier Krane (Kelsey Grammer) Dr. Huang (B.D. Wong) Dr. Drew Pinsky What do you think is? Most people think psychology () is only counseling and abnormal psychology (helping “crazy” people) This is largely fueled by television/movies Let’s look at the history of Psychology and its origins and then explore the vast subfields of psychology. What is Psychology? Comes from two Greek words psyche (soul) and logos (the study of) Psychology - the scientific study of behavior and mental processes Behavior - outwardly observable acts of an individual, either alone or in a group Mental processes – the physiological and cognitive processes that underlie behavior (e.g. sensation, perception, dreams, thoughts, beliefs and feelings) Goals and Fields of Study The goals of psychology are to describe, explain, predict, and control mental processes of behavior. It involves both the experimental study of behavior and the practical applications that arise from them. It is a scientific discipline that bridges with other fields. Fact or Falsehood? To get an idea for the broad range of topics covered by psychology, answer the following True/False questions. INSTRUCTIONS: Write your answers in your notes or on a sheet of paper. Answers will be given at the end of the quiz. Fact or Falsehood? 1. To be useful, laboratory experiments in psychology must re-create the behaviors of everyday life. 2. The human brain produces its own natural opiates that ease pain and elevate mood. 3. Our personality comes from our home and family environment growing up. Fact or Falsehood? 4. Newborns can only see light and dark shades. 5. Advertisers are able to shape our buying habits through subliminal messages. 6. Psychological research clearly indicates that some people do have ESP. Fact or Falsehood? 7. The majority of men’s dreams are about women. 8. The greater the reward promised for performing an activity, the more one will come to enjoy the activity. 9. Hypnosis can be used to recover repressed memories. Fact or Falsehood? 10. In general, people underestimate how much they really know. 11. Heredity, not environment, determines one’s score on an intelligence test. 12. As children, many homosexuals were molested, seduced, or otherwise sexually victimized by an adult homosexual. Fact or Falsehood? 13. If you are truly innocent of committing a crime you have nothing to fear from taking a lie detector test. 14. Most of us suffer from unrealistically low self-esteem. 15. The most common form of schizophrenia is the split personality, in which a person possesses two or more separate identities. Fact or Falsehood? 16. Without professional help, people who suffer psychological disorders inevitably get worse. 17. Internal bodily functions such as blood pressure and heart rate are not subject to conscious control. 18. Most people would refuse to obey an authority who told them to hurt an innocent person. Fact or Falsehood? How do you think you did? All answers EXCEPT number 2 were false!!! Let’s go back and discuss them. Subfields of Psychology Applied Research Biological psychologists Developmental Psychologists Cognitive Psychologists Personality Psychologists Social Psychologists Counseling Psychologists Clinical Psychologists Psychiatrists More Subfields of The APA (American Psychological Assoc.) has 53 divisions Here are some interesting divisions: Society for Consumer Psychology Exercise and Sport Psychology Psychology of Religion Population and Environmental Psychology Society for the Study of Peace, Conflict, and Violence: Peace Psychology Division Your Homework Look up Psychology on the internet and see what you find. There are many sites out there to explore. Some aren't worth a flip, and some are actually pretty interesting.