Facilitating
rituals in the
face of diversity
Judy Rigby
Mark Cobb
Theology
Soul
• Conceptual
landscape of
spirituality
Sacred
Philosophy
Spirituality
Personhood
Psyche
Cobb, M. (2001) The Dying
Soul. Buckingham: Open
University Press
Sociology
Psychology
Bruce Rumbold
Spirituality is best understood in terms of the
web of relationships that gives coherence to
our lives, uniquely identifying each person. . . .
Spiritual care encourages and supports people
in a quest for meaning and personal autonomy.
It is offered, not imposed. . .
Rumbold, B. (2003) Caring for the spirit: lessons from working with the
dying, The Medical Journal of Australia, 179 (6 Suppl): S11-S13
Bruce Rumbold
Pastoral/Spiritual Care as Patterning
Strands of the Web
+ve Relationship
Lost Relationship
-ve Relationship
Transcendent:
The Other Self:
Interpersonal:
Society:
Places & Things:
Rumbold, B. (2003) Caring for the spirit: lessons from working with the
dying, The Medical Journal of Australia, 179 (6 Suppl): S11-S13
Carrie Doehring
The web of being
. . . describes the complex interconnectedness
among parts of creation (within which) power
differentials are not predetermined but are
created when people enter into relationships of
responsibility over others that give them
authority.
Doehring, C. (2006) The Practice of Pastoral Care: Spiritual Care at the End
of Life. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press
Carrie Doehring
Theoglical Reflection
. . . at its simplest, theology is a way to talk
about people’s deepest values. . . how people
put into practice the values that form their
religious orientation . . . Do their religious faith
and practices give people new life, or
exacerbate already painful circumstances?
The Practice of Pastoral Care
Carrie Doehring
Westminster John Knox Press, Louisville, KY, 2006
Allan Kellehear
A multidimensional model of spiritual needs
. . . is the idea that human beings have a
desire to transcend hardship and suffering
. . . people need to seek and find a
meaning beyond their current suffering
that allows them to make sense of their
situation
Spirituality
Common themes
• Interconnectedness
• Relationships
• Finding meaning
• Transcendence
• Narrative – deepest values
Moral &
Biographical
Situational
• Peace &
• Purpose
• Hope
• Meaning &
affirmation
• Mutuality
• Connectedness
• Social presence
reconciliation
• Reunion with
others
• Prayer
• Moral & social
analysis
• Forgiveness
• Closure
A multidimensional
model of spiritual
needs
Religious
• Religious reconciliation
• Divine forgiveness & support
• Religious rites/sacraments
• Clergy visits
• Religious literature
• Discussion about God,
eschatology, or eternal life
& hope
Kellehear, A. (2000)
Spirituality and palliative
care: a model of needs,
Palliative Medicine
2000:14: 153
Spirituality
Theoretical implications:
• Needs model allows for specificity – which
dimension of spirituality are we addressing?
Moral &
Biographical
Situational
• Peace &
• Purpose
• Hope
• Meaning &
affirmation
• Mutuality
• Connectedness
• Social presence
reconciliation
• Reunion with
others
• Prayer
• Moral & social
analysis
• Forgiveness
• Closure
A multidimensional
model of spiritual
needs
Religious
• Religious reconciliation
• Divine forgiveness & support
• Religious rites/sacraments
• Clergy visits
• Religious literature
• Discussion about God,
eschatology, or eternal life
& hope
Kellehear, A. (2000)
Spirituality and palliative
care: a model of needs,
Palliative Medicine
2000:14: 153
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Facilitating Rituals in the Face of Diversity