Types of Data Used by Personality Psychologists Personality Lab January 25, 2011 Questionnaire Norms Questionnaire Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression (CESD) Cook Medley Hostility (CMH) Ego-Control (EC) Ego-Resiliency (ER) Introspection (INTRO) Life-Orientation (LO) Negative Emotionality (NE) Gjerde Anxiety Scale (PAN) Positive Emotionality (PE) Rosenberg Self-Esteem (RSE) Self Consciousness Scale Private Self-Consciousness Public Self-Consciousness Social Anxiety Low Medium High 18 38 58 55 63 33 22 22 18 14 20 21 75 87 43 30 34 34 25 32 32 95 111 53 38 46 46 37 44 40 22 14 8 30 21 16 38 28 24 Types of Personality Data (B.L.I.S.) • L-Data (Life) ▫ ▫ Strengths Weaknesses Types of Personality Data (B.L.I.S.) • I-Data (Informant) ▫ ▫ Strengths Weaknesses Types of Personality Data (B.L.I.S.) • S-Data (Self) ▫ ▫ Strengths Weaknesses Below are five statements that you may agree or disagree with. Using the 1-7 scale below, indicate your agreement with each item by placing the appropriate number on the line preceding that item. Please be open and honest in your responding. 7 - Strongly agree 6 - Agree 5 - Slightly agree 4 - Neither agree or disagree 3 - Slightly disagree 2 - Disagree 1 - Strongly disagree _____1. In most ways my life is close to my ideal. _____2. The conditions of my life are excellent. _____3. I am satisfied with my life. _____4. So far I have gotten the important things I want in life. _____5. If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing. Types of Personality Data (B.L.I.S.) • B-Data (Behavioral) ▫ ▫ Strengths Weaknesses Complete the following. Each dash (-) calls for either a number or a letter to be filled in. Every line is a separate item. Take the items in order, but don't spend too much time on any one. _______________________________________________ Start Here (1) 1 2 3 4 5 (2) white black short long down - (3) AB BC CD D (4) Z Y X W V U (5) 1 2 3 2 1 23432 34543 (6) NE/SW SE/NW E/W N/ (7) escape scape cape - - (8) oh ho rat tar mood - - - - (9) A Z B Y C X D (10) tot tot bard drab 537 - - - 456 - - Types of Personality Data (B.L.I.S.) • The Ideal Case Create Questionnaire • Select Construct to Measure • Use PsychInfo to Find 2 Research Articles Defining Construct • Define Your Construct • Select 20 Questionnaire Items • Determine Response Format • Use Google Docs Form to Create Questionnaire • Send to 30 people Choose Your Construct • • • • • • • • • Self-esteem Depression Shyness Positive Affect Impulsivity Hostility Optimism Anxiety Happiness Define the Construct • The concept of agency pertains to people who characteristically seek autonomy; they seek to master and assimilate the environment by striving for individuality and superiority. Highly agentic people seek self-protection, self-assertion, and self-expansion, and more generally, are competitive, and achievement-oriented. They identify and set goals and do what it takes to achieve them. Interpersonally, they seek success by competing, and not cooperating, with others. They can be warm and friendly, but this behavior is often used to achieve goals that are not interpersonally oriented. They strive for power over others. When the concept is viewed as a personality dimension, the characteristics associated with the positive pole, i.e. power, mastery, and assertion, can be contrasted with the characteristics associated with the negative pole, i.e. passivity, weakness, failure, and submission.