Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Sociology: A Down-to-Earth
Approach 7/e
James M. Henslin
Chapter Eleven: Sex and Gender
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
What is Gender Stratification?
“Unequal Access to Power, Prestige, and
Property on the Basis of Sex.”
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Issues of Sex and Gender

Sex—Biological Characteristics

Female and Male

Primary and Secondary Sexual Characteristics
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Issues of Sex and Gender

Gender—Social Characteristics

Masculinity and Femininity

Appropriate Behavior
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender Differences In Behavior
Biology or Culture?

Dominant Position in Sociology

Social Factors Primary, Not Biological

If Biological Should Be Less Variation
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender Differences In Behavior
Biology or Culture?

Opening the Door to Biology

Nature vs. Nurture

A Medical Accident

Vietnam Veteran Study
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender and Inequality in
Global Perspective

Sex Typing of Work

Prestige of Work
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender and Inequality in
Global Perspective

Other Areas of Global Discrimination

Education

Politics

The Pay Gap

Violence Against Women
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
How Females Became a
Minority Group

Origins of Patriarchy

Early On, Life was Short

Females Limited by Childbearing

Men Became Dominant as Hunters and
Warriors
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender Inequality in the U.S.

Conflict Theory—Power Yields Privilege

Feminism—Biology is not Destiny
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender Inequality in the U.S.

Fighting Back: The Rise of Feminism

First Wave—Early 1900s

Second Wave Began 1960s

Third Wave Emerging Now
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender Inequality in the U.S.

Gender Inequality in Health Care

Gender Inequality in Education
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender Inequality in the U.S.

Gender Inequality in Everyday Life

Devaluation of the Feminine

Inequality in Conversation
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender Inequality in the Workplace

The Pay Gap

The Glass Ceiling and Escalator

The “Mommy Track”
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender Inequality in the Workplace

Gender and Control of Workers

Sexual Harassment and Worse
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender and Violence

Violence Against Women

Forcible Rape

Date Rape

Murder

Violence in the Home

Women and Criminal Justice System
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Gender and Violence

Feminism and Gendered Violence

Symbolic Interactionists


Conflict Theory


Association of Strength, Virility, and Violence
Men Losing Power, Reassert Through Violence
Gender, Violence, and the Media
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Changing Face of Politics

Women Majority in Population

Women Overly Underrepresented in
Government

Women Underrepresented in Law and
Business Careers
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Chapter 11: Sex and Gender
Glimpsing the Future—With Hope

Barriers Coming Down

Abandoning Stereotypes

New Consciousness

Change in Relationships
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