Geriatric Grand Rounds
March 29, 2011
This Full House - An
Intervention Program to
Assist Older Adults who
live with Compulsive
Hoarding
Doneka Simmons, BA, RSW
Social Worker/This Full House
Coordinator
Disclosure
I have no relationship that could be perceived
as placing me in a real or apparent conflict of
interest in the context of this presentation.
Presentation Outline
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4.
Hoarding: What it is…What it isn’t!
Promoting Health Homes, Healthy
Relationships, Healthy Communities – How
do we do that?
A Journey Worth Traveling – How we got
here and where we want to go – Overview
of Program specifics, including success
stories and challenges.
Q&A
Definition of Compulsive Hoarding
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The acquisition of, and failure to discard a large number of
possessions that appear to be of useless or limited value
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Cluttered living spaces that cannot be used as intended
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Significant distress and/or impairment caused by the clutter
(Frost & Hartl, 1996)
•
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Only pathological if it meets #2 and #3 = clinical problem (e.g. – surfaces full, no
organization, inappropriate things in places like kitchen, main door blocked)
Not the saving that’s the problem – it’s the dysfunction (e.g. saving everything –
valuable and non-valuable)
Commonly Hoarded Items
Paper
Containers
Clothing & Shoes
Plastic bags
Mail
Food
Books
Objects from other people’s trash
Handouts, brochures, extras (do you really need an extra pen?)
(Tompkins, 2008)
Hoarding behaviors may also be
present in the following disorders:
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Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Impulse Control Disorders
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Depression
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Eating Disorders – Anorexia Nervosa
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Brain Injury
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Bipolar Affective Disorder
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Schizophrenia
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Various Dementias
(Age & Opportunity Inc. Presentation, 2008)
Co-morbid Problems (in addition
to hoarding)
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Depression – 57%
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Social Phobia – 29%
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Generalized Anxiety Disorder – 28%
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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder – 17%
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Attention Deficit Disorder – 15-20%
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Personality Features – Anxious/avoidant, dependent, paranoia, Dementia
(Age & Opportunity Inc. Presentation – April 2008)
DSM-IV Criteria
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Anticipated that in the revised DSM-IV
(2013), will have its’ own classification
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Currently, listed as accompanying other
disorders (e.g. OCD with hoarding)
(OCD Conference, August 2008)
Neurobiologically Distinct
Disorder
MRI and PET scans indicate lower
Lower levels of brain activity in the
anterior and posterior
cingulate gyrus –
those parts of the brain
associated with focused attention,
motivation, decision-making and
problem-solving, as well as spatial
orientation and memory.
(http:/www.ucla.edu)
Other Significant Factors:

Genetic Links – a large number had relatives who hoard –
hoarding phenotype

Usually a long-term behaviour pattern – (e.g. can’t decide and
fear of putting things out of sight)

Usually single or divorced

Usually more women than men
(Age & Opportunity Inc., Presentation, 2008)
Epidemiology

Samuels et al., 2008 – Prevalence and correlates of hoarding
behavior in a community-based sample, Behaviour Research
and Therapy 46 (2008) 836-844
Adjusted prevalence rate of hoarding in adults = 5% - Over 10
million people in the US have clinically significant hoarding
With increasing age, the prevalence is higher – average age is 50
Model of Compulsive Hoarding
(Frost & Hartl, 1996)
Biological Vulnerabilities
Information Processing Deficits
Erroneous beliefs about possessions
Problems with emotional attachment
Reinforcement Factors
Letting Go Exercise
It is a proccess:
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Why do I have this?
Why did I keep it?
Was it difficult to let it go?
Clients might ask…Does it make sense to keep
it now? (reported by client of TFH Program)
Clutter and Hoarding
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Behavioral manifestation – e.g. avoidance of distress, avoiding what is
hard = Clutter
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Decision making may be the central feature of hoarding
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Physically reducing clutter does not address the hoarding problem
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Changing beliefs and the meaning of possessions eventually reduces
clutter
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Improving organizing habits is a necessary component for change
(OCD Conference, August 2008)
Course of Compulsive Hoarding
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Saving can begin in childhood, onset age 13
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Little evidence for history of material deprivation – e.g. war times
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Hoarding may be precipitated by loss
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Chronic or worsening course
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Insight fluctuates
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Severity range from mild to life-threatening
(OCD Conference – August, 2008)
Hoarding Complications in Elders
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Fire hazard
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Risk of falling
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Unsanitary conditions
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Medical problems
(Kim, Steketee, & Frost, 2001)
Awareness of Problem (insight) among
Elders
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Clear insight = 15%
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Partial insight = 12%
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No insight = 73%
(Frost et al., 2000)
Implications for Service Providers
- trust, fear, loss of hope
- motivation
- average length of intervention = 1.5 – 2.0 years
- clients like to talk about past & their
relationships/losses and less on problem-solving
This Full House – Intervention Program to
assist Elderly Compulsive Hoarders
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Pilot began in December 2007 – December 2008 (extension to
January 2009)
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Funding provided by the Government of Canada, New Horizons for
Seniors Program
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At that time, we were only the second program in Canada to
specifically address hoarding behavior among seniors. The first
program is was being delivered at Age & Opportunity, a senior serving
organization in Winnipeg.
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3rd Program being delivered now in Calgary
Pilot Specifics
1.
Explore the need for a “This Full House” program in
Edmonton
2.
Learn from the Winnipeg experience and customize our
program to meet the needs in Edmonton
3.
Pilot the program with a limited number of people to validate
the program design
Pilot – #1 – The Need in Edmonton
No other program or agency in Edmonton with formal approach or program geared
specifically to hording in seniors
Very little known about hoarding and seniors
Program Advisory Committee:
- Alberta Health Services, Environmental Health
- Alberta Health Services, Home Care
- University of Alberta, Faculty of Extension
- Alberta Seniors Citizens’ Housing Association
- The United Way
- Alberta Health Services, Addictions and Mental Health
- Alberta Seniors & Community Supports
- Senior citizen
- Greater Edmonton Foundation
- Edmonton Fire Rescue Services
- Edmonton Humane Society
Pilot - #2 – Winnipeg Program –
Customize Edmonton Program
Age & Opportunity Consultant – Spring 2008 (similarity of organizations and findings)
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Delivered in Winnipeg since 2004
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Increase in cases where intervention required (2000 = 38 cases, previous years = 1-2)
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Vulnerable persons committee interested – effective community development approach
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Costly in terms of professional time devoted to issue
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Costly in terms of hiring other professional services
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Some homes require a major “clean-up” prior to This Full House involvement
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Health & Safety Issues
Pilot - #3 – Validate Program Design
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As of December 15, 2008 – 32 clients have been
referred – referral sources effective
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Protocol effective
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Community based approach best – Advisory
Committee
Post-Pilot Program Updates
- Monthly Lunch Group – Had our First Year Anniversary in June
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2010!
Increased funding for clean-ups – Alberta Seniors and
Community Supports
Increased awareness – more media attention
Increase in referrals
Success of current vs. future intervention programs
Sustainable, ongoing funding is challenging to find
University of Alberta, Faculty of Extension – Research Study
Grant MacEwan University Research Study
Year 2 & Year 3 – Need Increases
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In 2008 (pilot year) – 32 Information & Referral Requests
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In 2009 (post pilot year) – 74 Information & Referral Requests
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In 2010 – 151 Information & Referral Requests
Continue to double our numbers from previous year
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Average Caseload for 0.5 Social Worker = 43
Program Outcomes
1.
Prevent homelessness.
2.
Increase seniors’ connection to other needed community
services.
3.
Increase senior’s quality of life.
4.
Increase awareness in the community.
How we do what we do
1.
Referral received
2.
Appointment for office or home visit
3.
Assessment Process (home visit) – Assessment Tool
used to assess level of risk
4.
Develop Action Plan – goals and objectives, timelines,
costs – Harm Reduction Model
5.
Hands-on
How we do what we do cont…..
6. Develop Care Plan – Social Work Needs Assessment
7. Individualized and client centered
8. Relationship building and trust – foundation of any
successful intervention
9. Participation in Lunch Group
10. Ongoing after-care
Some of what we’ve learned along the
way
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Value of home visit – have to see to believe
Affects the whole family
Emotional rollercoaster
Effective communication and helping strategies
Individual and group support crucial to help with motivation
and insight
Progress does happen – sometimes in baby steps,
sometimes much quicker
Don’t assume anything – getting to know your client
Heros – every story is different but we are inspired by them
all.
Lunch Group Participants
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I realize that I have conquered a lot but I am still open to new
ideas.
When it comes to this group, I feel like I don’t have to lower my
eyes when I’m speaking.
Since coming to this group, I am not ashamed to speak of
where I am at.
This group provides a social opportunity for me, otherwise, I
wouldn’t go anywhere.
I like the relaxed atmosphere of the group. I’ve been going to
groups for years and this one is the best.
I wish we could meet every week.
Still Traveling the Road…
Strengthening our community capacity:
- Advisory Committee evolves in to a Hoarding
Coalition
- Additional Supportive Groups to include a
therapeutic group for graduates of the Lunch Group
- Needs of families and caregivers –education &
support
- More financial resources
- Etc., etc…
Questions & Answers
Q&A
Download

Hoarding - Edmonton Seniors` Council