Long Term Athlete Development
II
0
Establishing the Foundation for LTAD
• Clear vision and mission
• Strategy formulation
• Implementation plan (logic model)
1
Strategy Formulation
Meeting the challenge of high velocity change:
• Reacting to Change –
• Respond to urgent problems/challenges
• Defensive posture
• Anticipating Change –
• Plan ahead and find solutions
• Combination of defensive and offensive
• Leading Change –
• Seize opportunities to be the “agent of change”
• Offensive posture
April 13, 2015
2
Logic Model
April 13, 2015
3
Activity – Outreach and Recruitment
• Identify potential new communities and partners
• Present Paralympic sport information at conferences of
target groups
– Key message points
• Systematic follow-up with potential community and/or
sport partners
April 13, 2015
4
Activity – Paralympic Infrastructure
Development
• Conduct Local and Regional Workshops
• Web-Based information
– Monthly newsletters, website, ranking lists
• Technical assistance capabilities
• Sport manuals and technical resources
• Referrals – rehab centers, schools, sport clubs
April 13, 2015
5
Activity – Emerging Athlete Development
• Awareness and outreach
• Talent identification and assessment
• High performance sports camps
• Individualized biomechanical analysis and sport science
evaluation
• Psychological skills training
• Mentoring for coaches and athletes
• Social networking based on sport and sport training
April 13, 2015
6
National Development
• Classification infrastructure
– Recruitment, identification, and training of Classifiers
– Classifier accreditation/IPC recognition
– Athlete classification and database
• Technical officials training
• Event organizing and competition manager training
• Increase competitions across the country
• Improve availability of Paralympic specific sports
equipment
• Results and ranking databases
April 13, 2015
7
Activity – International Impact
and Outreach
• International outreach and relationship building
• Information sharing with target countries that are
leaders in their region
• International workshops and conferences
• Share information and resources
• Identification, recruitment, training, promotion,
and support of future leaders
April 13, 2015
8
Evaluation
• Pose critical questions
• Develop evaluation plan including quantitative
and qualitative methodology
• Analyze and interpret data with
recommendations for future improvements
• Report activities, progress and outcomes
April 13, 2015
9
Talent Identification for
Athletes with Disabilities
10
Where do you find talent?
Talent
Identification
Talent
Selection
• Comes from outside the sport
• (has not been playing the
sport)
• Comes from within the sport
• (has been playing the sport)
The Process
Athlete
Specific
Complex
Process
Sport Specific
Talent
Identification
Multiple individual factors influence
the development of Champions
Physiological
Psychological
Champion
Athlete
Genetic
Predisposition
Nurture/Support
Basics of Talent Search
FROM
TO
•Broad _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
•Older _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
•Novice _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
•Physiology _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
•General _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
•Centralized _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
•Longitudinal _ _ _ _ _ _ _
•Focused
•Younger
•More Experienced
•Physical Variables
•Specific
•Decentralized
•Milestones (shorter term)
Child Growth and Development Factors
in Talent Identification
Childhood: Readiness, motivation, interest, cognition
Adolescence: Identity formation, sport/athlete identity,
identity foreclosure (sees him or herself only in sport),
student athlete (dual identity)
Young Adulthood: Role formation, partnership formation,
societal role/expectations.
Designing a talent identification program
for a specific sport
• Define your current talent identification programs –
– Rio 2016
– 2015 Parapan American Games
– World championships
• Talent Transfer
– from non-Paralympic to Paralympic
– from highly competitive to limited depth sports
– from sports with few medal events to high medal count sports
Designing a talent identification program
for a specific sport
• Establish a system for talent identification:
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
–
Aims
Purpose
Roles and responsibilities
Phases and stages
Timescales
Screening process – battery of tests
Athlete feedback
Follow-up planning
What are the key predictors of talent
for performance in sport?
Key predictors of talent for performance in sport:
Types of talent: uni-dimensional talent; multi-dimensional talent; unisport talent; multi-sport talent
Predictors of talent:
1) Relevant physical characteristics - height, weight, musculature, etc.
2) Physiological - aerobic endurance, anaerobic power, quickness,
explosive power
3) Sociological - parental support, local facilities, available coaches or
sport technicians, practice opportunities, education
4) Psychological - self-confidence, concentration, stress management,
anticipation, decision-making, game intelligence
5) Basic skills - general motor skills, technical and tactical skills
Common Approaches to Talent Identification
Systematic, Governmental Systems: commonly used by former
Soviet countries, China and a limited number of others.
Systematic, Non-Governmental Systems: the most common form
of sport talent identification.
Non-Systematic Approaches: far less formal and don’t involve using
a specific method across the board.
Summary
NPC organizational development
Strategy formulation
Partnership development
Athlete development
Talent identification
Questions
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Long_Term_AThlete_Development_-II