The Revolt in Ideas: Marx,
Darwin, Nietzsche, Freud
HST 112
Lecture 11
Ethan Pollock
The Revolt in New Ideas
I. Marx, Marxism and the Critique of Capital
II. Darwin, Darwinism and the Descent of
Man
III. Freud and the Science of Human
Disorders
IV. Nietzsche -- Beyond Good and Evil
V. Themes in The Heart of Darkness
Karl Marx (1818-1883)
I. Marx, Marxism and the
Critique of Capital
A. German Romanticism, British Economic
Theory, French Socialism
B. Das Kapital (vol. 1, 1867)
C. Marxism – Lenin and Imperialism as the
highest stage of Capitalism
Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
II. Darwin, Social Darwinism,
and the Descent of Man
A. Voyage on the Beagle (1831-1836)
B. Evolution by natural selection
C. The Origin of Species (1859) and The
Descent of Man (1871)
D. Social Darwinism and its Implications
Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900)
III. Nietzsche – Beyond Good
and Evil
A. His Life and Troubles
B. Appolonian vs. Dionysian
C. The will to power and the Ubermensch
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)
IV. Freud and the Science of
Human Disorders
A. The Unconscious and the irrational
B. Psychoanalysis as Therapy
C. Implications for “Civilization”
V. Themes in Heart of Darkness