Planning for Re-alignment
in San Diego
October 20, 2011
Chief Mack Jenkins
San Diego Probation Department
Protect community safety, reduce crime and assist victims,
through offender accountability and rehabilitation
EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICE
Strategic Planning
•Representation from across the organization
•Reviewed all relevant processes to
•Improve efficiency
•Reduce recidivism
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STRATEGIC PLAN FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF EVIDENCE BASED PROGRAMS: SAN DIEGO COUNTY PROBATION
Protect community safety, reduce crime and assist victims, through offender accountability and rehabilitation
Goal
Objectives
Ensure availability of appropriate tools enabling staff
to accurately assess offenders for risk and needs at
each stage of the probation process
1.Conduct gap analysis of general assessment tools in Adult Field Services (AFS) /Juvenile Field
Services (JFS) /Institutional Services (IS) in order to identify strengths and weaknesses of tools
2.Evaluate specialty tools
3.Provide Information and recommendations to all services regarding use of assessment tools
4.Disseminate Information in easy to read format
Assign offenders to the appropriate level of supervision
based on their risk and need factors
1.Develop clear and concise standards for re-assignment to other levels of supervision
2.Design, develop and implement an organizational infrastructure and corresponding
framework of practices, protocols, and policies that support Quality Assurance
Develop case plan standards based upon the risk / need
assessment and level of supervision
1.Identify the case planning tool to be used by JFS, AFS and IS
2.Ensure that there is a seamless continuum between IS and JFS assessments and case planning
3.Create Needs domains / referral matrices for JFS and AFS
4.Integrate community resource directory with case planning tool
5.Ensure that all staff have the training needed to use case planning component of assessment tool
and community resource directory appropriately
In support of the “balanced approach”, establish
guidelines for incentives and sanctions throughout
juvenile, adult and institutions to provide effective
responses to offender behavior, in order to reduce
recidivism
1.Develop subject matter experts on EBP incentives / sanctions
2.Develop incentive and sanctions models for adult, juvenile and institutions
3.Train Probation staff on incentive/sanctions model
Improve the ability of information technology (IT) to
support the department for the purpose of holding
offenders accountable, providing rehabilitative
services, and supporting evidence based practice
1.Create a governance committee
2.Create committee charter
3.Commence committee meetings
Develop procedures / practices that incorporate staff competencies into the appraisal process
Improve the quality and consistency of programs
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SB 678 PLAN
San Diego County Probation Leadership Academy
• In-depth training for Adult Field Services directors and
supervisors
• Enhance leadership skills to integrate evidence-based
practices
Increase Accountability of High-Risk Probationers
• Administrative incentive and sanctions continuum
• Integrated Behavioral Intervention Strategies (IBIS)
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SB 678 PLAN
Enhanced Comprehensive Services
• Services available to address criminogenic needs
• Substance abuse treatment
• Cognitive Behavioral interventions
• Vocational/Educational
• Health/Mental Health services
Evaluate the Impact of the SB 678 Plan
• Impact of high risk supervision model on recidivism
• Impact of SB 678 plan on criminal justice system
costs
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SAN DIEGO COUNTY PROBATION
SUPERVISION MODEL
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Use Assessment Tools
Match Supervision to Risk Level
Create Individualized Case Plans
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Evidence-Based Practice Strategic Planning
Employ Incentives and Sanctions Continuum
Educate Stakeholders
Improve Officer Skills
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Manage/Reduce Detention Population
Screen Tools for Diversion Strategies
Explore Detention Alternatives
Supervise Probationers to Reduce Recidivism using
Integrated Behavioral Intervention Strategies (IBIS) and Case Management
Motivational Interviewing
Cognitive Behavioral
•Collaborative style of conversation to
strengthen a person’s own motivation
to change
•Brief
•Complementary with other tools
ASSESSMENT
• Use empirical
assessment tool
•Assign to a
supervision level
by risk
•Understand
criminogenic
needs
Incentives and Sanctions
•Thinking affects behavior
• Antisocial and unproductive thinking causes antisocial and
unproductive behavior
• Thinking can be influenced
• We can change how we feel and behave by changing how we think
PLANNING
• Ensure plan is
comprehensive,
ongoing and
dynamic
•Include probationer
•Pay attention to
stage of change
LINKING
• Make appropriate
referrals
•Use Community
Resource Directory
•Engage
community
supports
• Swift, certain and consistent
• Administrative, not adversarial
• Proportionate to behavior and risk
level
MONITORING
• Provide incentives
•Apply swift and
certain sanctions
•Acknowledge
relapse triggers
•Revise case plan as
needed
ADVOCACY
• Working with and on
behalf of probationers
to obtain services and
resources
•Increase
probationer’s belief in
the ability to succeed
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San Diego County Realignment Goals
• Efficiently use jail capacity
• Incorporate reentry principles into in-custody
programming
• Incorporate evidence-based practices into
supervision and case management of Post
Release Offenders; encourage judges to use
evidence-based practices in sentencing
San Diego County Plan Components
1. Enhance Pre-Trial Processes to More Effectively
Utilize Current Jail Capacity
2. Improve and Streamline Felony Settlement
3. Encourage the use of Evidence-Based Practices into
Sentencing for Felony Offenders
4. Employ Alternative Custody Options and In-custody
Programming
5. Provide Evidence-Based Supervision and Intervention
Services for Post Release Offenders
Component 1 - Enhance Pre-Trial Processes to
More Effectively Utilize Current Jail Capacity
• Strategies:
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–
–
–
Request the Court to consider modifying bail schedules
Use home detention and electronic monitoring
Use Work Furlough for eligible pre-trial inmates
Use of residential treatment beds in lieu of pre-trial
custody
Component 2 - Improve and
Streamline Felony Settlement
• Strategies:
– Conduct assessments to identify opportunities for early
case disposition
– Reduce the number of hearings for low-risk offenders
– Expand the use of existing Collaborative Courts
– Train staff on evidence-based risk assessments
– Expedite Proposition 36 Diversion and Deferred Entry of
Judgment cases
Component 3 - Encourage the Use of Evidence-Based
Practices in Sentencing for Felony Offenders
Provide actuarial risk assessment information to all sentencing
judges and to the attorneys
• Sentencing parties would advocate to judges:
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Utilizing actuarial assessments
Existing Court Rules
New legislative provisions
Trainings
• Sentencing options for the Judge:
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–
–
–
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Felony Probation to the Court
Formal Probation
Split Sentencing and Mandatory Supervision
Full Sentencing
State Prison
Component 4 - Employ Alternative Custody
Options and In-Custody Programming
• Strategies:
– Use of alternatives to custody
•
•
•
•
Work Release/Work Projects / Work Furlough
Home confinement/electronic monitoring
GPS supervision
Sheriff and Probation to explore work and fire camp options
– Expand in-custody treatment programming
Component 5 - Provide Evidence-Based Supervision
and Intervention Services for Post Release Offenders
(PROs)
• Strategies
– Employ Evidence-Based Practices
– Risk Based Case Planning and Supervision
– A Balanced Approach of Incentives and Sanctions
• Intermediate Sanctions
• Community based re-entry services
– Co-locate Post Release Probation Officers within
various police agency offices throughout the
County
SERVICE PRIORITIES UNDER LOCAL
SUPERVISION
• Create Day Reporting
Centers
• Drug Treatment
• Residential
• Outpatient
• Sober Living/Housing
• Detox Beds
• Mental Health Treatment
• Medical/Dental
• Employment
• Vocational training and
placement
• Transitional jobs
• Cognitive Behavioral
Treatment
• Literacy/Education
• Stabilization Assistance
• Work tools, interview
clothing, SSI card, bus
passes, clothing,
groceries, haircuts
• Housing
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PERFORMANCE MEASURES
Protect community safety, reduce crime
and assist victims, through offender
accountability and rehabilitation
Ensure that 70% of juvenile probationers
will complete their probation without being
convicted of a new crime
Protect community safety, reduce crime
and assist victims, through offender
accountability and rehabilitation
Ensure that 60% of adult probationers
will complete their probation without
being convicted of a new crime
15
Adult Recidivism Rate
2008 - 2011
Year
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PERFORMANCE MEASURES
Protect community safety, reduce crime
and assist victims, through offender
accountability and rehabilitation
Contact 95% of available victims and
inform them of their right to restitution
and a victim impact statement
Protect community safety, reduce crime
and assist victims, through offender
accountability and rehabilitation
Conduct 5,000 searches of homes of adult and
juvenile probationers to ensure that they are not in
possession of illegal contraband such as weapons,
drugs, child pornography and/or gang related
paraphernalia
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PERFORMANCE MEASURES
Protect community safety, reduce crime
and assist victims, through offender
accountability and rehabilitation
Increase percent of youth in custody over the age of
16 who receive employment readiness services
from 73% to 75%
Protect community safety, reduce crime
and assist victims, through offender
accountability and rehabilitation
Increase the percent of youth
assessed to have substance abuse
needs who receive substance abuse
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services from 77% to 80%
Performance Measures and Outcomes
• Recidivism
– Post Release Offenders
– N3s
• Use of Jail Space
– Length of stay for various populations
• Amount and type of in custody programming
• Use of risk / need assessment in sentencing,
supervision and case management
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