Chapter 16
Managing Workplace
Safety & Health
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-1
Chapter 16 Objectives



Describe the extent of the employer’s
responsibility to maintain a safe and
healthy work environment.
Explain the reasons for safety and health
laws and the costs and obligations they
impose on employers.
Identify the basic provisions of worker’s
compensation laws and the Occupational
Safety and Health Act (OSHA)
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-2
Chapter 16 Objectives


Develop an awareness of contemporary
health and safety issues, including AIDS,
workplace violence, smoking in the
workplace, cumulative trauma disorders,
fetal protection, hazardous chemicals and
genetic testing.
Describe the features of safety programs
and understand the reasons for and the
effects of programs designed to enhance
employee well-being.
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-3
Workers Compensation



State level laws
Compensation for work-related illness
Benefits paid to employees





Total disability and Impairment
benefits
Survivor benefits
Medical expense benefits
Rehabilitation benefits
Premiums based on safety record

Firms and states trying to cut costs
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-4
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)


Federal Law (1970)
Requires employers to:





Provide a safe and healthy work environment
Comply with occupation safety and health
standards
Keep records of occupation injuries and
illnesses
Provide employees with hazardous substance
information
Enforced by OSH Administration
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-5
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Develops Occupational Standards
Variances
Temporary
Permanent
Workplace Inspections
Employer can request search
warrant
Citations and Penalties
Issue Fines
Free Consultation Service
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-6
Workplace Safety and Law
The OSH Review Commission (OSHRC)
Reviews OSHA rulings
 The National Institute for Occupational
Safety and Health (NIOSH)
 Research institution
 Helps OSHA create new standards
 State Programs
 The Effectiveness of OSHA
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-7
Managing Workplace Safety and Health
Managing Contemporary
Safety, Health, and Behavioral
Issues
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-8
HIV and AIDS
Blood borne Pathogen Standards
(1992)
Test after job offer is made
Results confidential
Must provide accommodations
Effective policy should:
 Outline procedures
 Educate the workforce
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-9
Avoiding Sabotage
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-10
Avoiding Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTD)
Cumulative Trauma Disorders (CTDs)
Repetitive stress disorders
Costs employers more than $40
billion a year
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-11
Other Health & Safety Issues
Hearing Impairment
Many negative health effects
Occupational Noise Exposure Standard



Fetal Protection
Hazardous Chemicals
 Identify chemicals
 Train employees on how to handle them
Genetic Testing
 Genetic Info Nondiscrimination Act
(2008)
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-12
Safety and Health Programs

Effective Safety Programs
 Safety committee with participation by all
 Communicate safety with multimedia
approach
 Instruct supervisors in safety issues
 Use incentives, awards, and positive
reinforcement
 Communicate and enforce safety rules
 Engage in regular self-inspection
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-13
Safety and Health Programs

EAP—Employee Assistance Programs

Burnout




Emotional exhaustion
Depersonalization
Reduced personal accomplishment
Wellness programs

Incentives can encourage employees
to join
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-14
Summary and Conclusions
Employees
have right to safe
workplace
Need to create “safety culture”
Management must set example for
employees
Don’t discount benefits of healthy
workforce
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-15
All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced,
stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any
means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or
otherwise, without the prior written permission of the publisher.
Printed in the United States of America.
Copyright ©2012 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Prentice Hall
16-16
Download

Safety and Health Chapter 16