ASIA PACIFIC REGIONAL SECURITY:
A VIEW FROM INDONESIA
BY EVI FITRIANI, PHD
HEAD, INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS DEPARTMENT
UNIVERSITY OF INDONESIA
The 3rd Asia Research Forum: Asia-Pacific Order - Political and Economic Regional Governance
Institute of world Economics and Politics of Chinese Academy of Social Science,
Beijing, 6 December 2012
Agenda
2
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
ASEAN security concern
China’s military movements in AP
US’s military movements in AP
Indonesia’s approach to tackle security
concern in Asia pacific
Conclussion
Evi Fitriani - UI- 20121206
A. ASEAN Security Concern
3
Purpose of ASEAN
‘To promote regional peace and stability through abiding
respect for justice and the rule of law in the relationship
among countries of the region and adherence to
theprinciples of the United Nations Charter’
ASEAN Preference:
 No domination of great powers in SEA
 Stability in Asia Pacific
Evi Fitriani - UI- 20121206
A. ASEAN Security Concern
4
Contemporary security challenge in SEA and AP
 Security problems created by non-state actors
(terorism, smuggling, refugee, illegal fishing)
 Security problems created by states
(territorial disputes, military build-up, provocative
movements, arms-conflicts)
Evi Fitriani - UI- 20121206
B. China’s military movement in AP
5
1.
2.
3.
Increasing defence budget
Military build-up (or modernization?)
Assertive movements in handling territorial disputes
in East Asia and Southeast Asia particularly in
- East China Sea
- South China Sea
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Territorial claims in South China Sea
6
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China’s passport problem
7
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B. China’s military movement in AP
8
South China Sea
- Escalation of territorial claims
- Deploment of military as well as non-military staff to
disputing islands
- Deployment of China naval force in the conflicting
areas
- Detainment of conflicting parties’ personals
- China’s approach Vs ASEAN approach
+ Economy&political influence to some ASEAN countries
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C. US’ Military Movement in AP
9
Increasing defence budget
Strong US presence in Asia (reassurance?)
1.
2.
a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
USPACOM
US alliances in the region
Military equipment in Japan and South Korea
Military deployment in Australia
Increasing number of submarines
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US-China cooperation
10
Military Maritime Consultation Agreement (sin1998)
Absent in 2007, divergent of interests since 2008
 Defence Policy Coordination (sin. 2006)
 Incidents at Sea Protocol (INCSEA) signed 1972
Undecided, problematic since 2009
 Defence Consultative Talks (DCT)
 US-China Joint Statement Nov 2009
 Six-Party Talk

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D. Indonesia’s Approach
11

ASEAN Centrality

APSC: regional resilience





Peaceful solution to SCS
Regional not bilateral approach for SCS
Extra-regional power? Is it necessary?
Tendency to Hedging?
Alliance
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E. Conclusion
12
1.
2.
3.
4.
Indonesia as well as ASEAN is aware of changing
strategic environment in Asia Pacific.
Domination of the US and China in regional
security affairs is apparent, however Indonesia
would prefer ASEAN not as a passive partner.
Indonesia’s approach in the AP security is based
on neutrality and regional (ASEAN) resilience.
Indonesia would prefer to ally with other regional
countries to balance the big powers.
Evi Fitriani - UI- 20110412
13
Thank you
Evi Fitriani
International Relations Department
University of Indonesia
Email: [email protected]
Evi Fitriani - UI- 20110412