Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment
(CBT) for School Refusal in Youth
Sandra S. Pimentel, Ph.D. & James P. Hambrick, Ph.D.
Columbia University/
New York State Psychiatric Institute
Research on CBT for School Refusal
Kearney, C., & Silverman, W. (1999). Functionally-based prescriptive
and nonprescriptive treatment for children and adolescents with
school refusal behavior. Behavior Therapy, 30, 673-695.
King, N., Tonge, B., Heyne, D., Pritchard, M., Rollings, S., Young, D.,
Myerson, N., & Ollendick, T. (1998). Cognitive-behavioral
treatment of school-refusing children: A controlled evaluation.
Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent
Psychiatry, 37, 395-403.
King, N., Tonge, B., Heyne, D., & Ollendick, T. (2000). Research on
the cognitive-behavior treatment of school refusal: A review and
recommendations. Clinical Psychology Review, 20, 495-507.
Internet Resources
The Child Anxiety Network:
Anxiety Disorders Association of America:
The Center for Mental Health Services:
Columbia University Clinic for Anxiety and Related
Columbia University
Department of Psychiatry
Books for Parents/Teachers
 Helping your Anxious Child: A Step-by-Step Guide for
Parents. Rapee, Spence, Cobham, Wignall
 Freeing your Anxious Child. Chansky
 Keys to Parenting an Anxious Child. Manassis
 Worried No More: Help and Hope for Anxious Children.
 The Silence Within: A Teacher/Parent Guide to Working
with Selectively Mute and Shy Children. Kervatt
Books for Parents/ Teachers
 Monsters Under the Bed and Other Childhood Fears:
Helping your Child Overcome Anxieties, Fears, and
Phobias. Garber, Garber, & Spizman
 Straight Talk about Psychiatric Medications for Kids.
 Good Friends are Hard to Find: Help your Child Find,
Make, and Keep Friends. Frankel & Wetmore.
Books for Children
 First Day Jitters. Danneberg.
 Wemberly Worried. Henkes.
 Scary Night Visitors: A Story for Children with
Bedtime Fears. Marcus, Marcus, & Jesche.
 I Don’t Know Why…I Guess I’m Shy: A Story About
Taming Imaginary Fears. Cain & Smith-Moore.
 Into the Great Forest: A Story for Children Away
from Parents for the First Time. Marcus, Marcus, &
Books for Children
 Night Light: A Story for Children Afraid of the Dark.
Dutro & Boyle.
 Cat’s Got Your Tongue? A Story for Children Afraid
to Speak. Schaefer & Friedman.
 Up and Down the Worry Hill. Wagner. (OCD)
 Kissing Doorknobs. Hesser. (OCD – young adult)

Cognitive-Behavioral Treatment for Anxiety in Youth