课题汇报
自动思维研究进展
Contents
1
2
3
4
– What is automatic thoughts?
– Articles & Ages
– ATQ & development
– Conclusion
Background Research
• Automatic thoughts :The thoughts that occur
constantly as our minds seek to narrate what
is going on around us.
• They are automatic, because they are not the
result of an analysis of the problem, they
are a "knee-jerk" reaction to specific
situations.
Background Research
• where our automatic thoughts are born?
• The limbic system is
the area of the brain
that controls our
immediate response
to situations
Background Research
positive
quick
response
emergency or
desired
and helpful
crisis
,
negative
depression
anxiety
Background Research
• Negative automatic
thoughts : sometimes
called dysfunctional
thinking or cognitive
distortion, are
characterized as plausible
and automatic, specific
and discrete
Beck A.T.1976.Cognitive therapy and the emotional disorders. International Universities
Press, New York
labeling
selective
abstraction
Shoulding
cognitive
distortion
personality
all or none
overgeneralization
Articles
1.Steven D,Hollon ,Philip C,etl. Cognitive self-statements
in depression: Development of an automatic thoughts
questionnaire[J]. Cogn Behav Ther,1980,4(4)
ATQ的研制
2 Harrell TH, Ryon NB. Cognitive-behavioral assessment
of depression: clinical validation of the automatic thoughts
questionnaire[J]. J Consult Clin Psychol. 1983 ,51(5)
3.Deardorff PA, McIntosh JA, Adamek CA, etl. Automatic
thoughts questionnaire: a study of concurrent validity
[J].Psychol Rep. 1985,57(3 Pt 1):831-4.
ATQ的信度、效度检测
Articles
4.Catherine S, Fichten. Self, other, and situationreferent automatic thoughts: Interaction between
people who have a physical disability and those
who do not[J]. Cogn Behav Ther,1986,10(5)
ATQ应用于学生
Articles
5 .C.V.Hill,T.P.S.Oei,M.A.Hill. An empirical investigation
of the specificity and sensitivity of the automatic thoughts
questionnaire and dysfunctional attitudes scale[J].
Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral
Assessment,1989,11(4)
6.Seok-Man Kwon, Tian P. S. Oei .Differential causal
roles of Dysfunctional Attitudes and Automatic
Thoughts in depression. Cognitive Therapy and
Research,1992,16(3)
将ATQ和DAS结合起来,研究两问卷在抑郁中的应用
Articles
7.Franko DL, Zuroff DC. The Bulimic Automatic
Thoughts Test: initial reliability and validity data.
J Clin Psychol. 1992 ,48(4):505-9.
厌食症ATQ的研制
8. Sahin NH, Sahin N. Reliability and validity of the
Turkish version of the Automatic Thoughts
Questionnaire. J Clin Psychol. 1992 ,48(3):33440.
土耳其ATQ的研制
Articles
9 .Ellen B, David A. The positive automatic
thoughts questionnaire (ATQ-P) and the
automatic thoughts questionnaire—Revised
(ATQ-RP): Equivalent measures of positive
thinking .Cognitive Therapy and Research,
1994,18(1)
对照ATQ-P和ATQ-RP ,发现检测积
极思维,两者具有相等的功效
Articles
10. John B,David C. Psychometric properties
of the automatic thoughts questionnaire—
positive with inpatient adolescents. Cognitive
Therapy and Research.,1996,20(5)
ATQ-P与抑郁有很大的相关性,比与焦虑的相关
性要高,因而可以通过利用ATQ-P将抑郁与焦虑
区分出来。
Articles
11 Snyder.J,Jeffrey Crowson,Kent Houston,etl. Assessing
Hostile Automatic Thoughts: Development and
Validation of the HAT Scale. Cognitive Therapy and
研制HAT Scale
Research.1997,21(4)
12.Steven A. Safren.G, Julie L, etl. Differentiating
Anxious and Depressive Self-Statements: Combined
Factor Structure of the Anxious Self-Statements
Questionnaire and the Automatic Thoughts
Questionnaire-Revised. Cognitive Therapy and
Research,2000,24(3)
比较分析 ASSQ和ATQ-RP分别对焦虑和抑郁的效应,
实际上两问卷在反映的问题上存在交互性
Articles
13. Schniering CA, Rapee RM. Development and
validation of a measure of children‘s automatic
thoughts: the children’s automatic thoughts scale.
Behav Res Ther. 2002 40(9):1091-109.
CATS研制和分析
14.Yücel B, Kora K, Ozyalçín S, etl. Depression,
automatic thoughts, alexithymia, and assertiveness in
patients with tension-type headache. Headache.
2002 ,42(3):194-9.
紧张性头痛患者在抑郁、负性自
动思维等问卷分值偏高
Articles
15.Schniering CA, Rapee RM. The relationship between
automatic thoughts and negative emotions in children
and adolescents: a test of the cognitive content-specificity
hypothesis. J Abnorm Psyc 2004 ,113(3):464-70
儿童和青少年自动思维与负性情感性
的相互关系
16.Chioqueta AP, Stiles TC. Norwegian version of the
automatic thoughts questionnaire: a reliability and
validity study. Cogn Behav Ther. 2004;33(2):79-82.
挪威语ATQ
Articles
17. Esther Calvete,Jennifer K,ConnorSmith.Automatic
Thoughts and Psychological Symptoms: A CrossCultural Comparison of American and Spanish
Students. Cognitive Therapy and Research,2005,29(2)
利用ATQ-P比较美国和西班牙学
生的自动思维情况,
18.Chioqueta.AP, Stiles TC. Factor structure of the
Dysfunctional Attitude Scale (Form A) and the
Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire: an exploratory
study. Psychol Rep. 2006 ,99(1):239-47.
研究军人ATQ和DAS的相关性
Articles
19 . Wenzel A, CochranCK. Autobiographical memories
prompted by automatic thoughts in panic disorder and
social phobia. Cogn Behav Ther. 2006;35(3):129-37.
惊恐性障碍引起自动思维速度>社交障碍>常人
20. Shiraishi S, Koshikawa F, Nankai M, etl.
Development of the Positive Automatic Thoughts List
(PAL). Shinrigaku Kenkyu. 2007 ,78(3):252-9.
日本PAL的研制
Articles
21 .Boelen PA. Psychometric properties of the Dutch
version of the Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire –
Positive (ATQ - P). Cogn Behav Ther. 2007;36(1):2333.
ATQ - P在荷兰的研制和应用
22. Schniering CA, Lyneham HJ. The Children's
Automatic Thoughts Scale in a clinical sample:
psychometric properties and clinical utility. Behav Res
Ther. 2007,45(8):1931-40.
儿童自动思维量表在临床应用的检测
Articles
23.Pedro J. Nobre, José Pinto-Gouveia. Differences in
Automatic Thoughts Presented During Sexual Activity
Between Sexually Functional and Dysfunctional Men
and Women. Cognitive Therapy and
Research,2008,32(1) 比较性功能障碍和性功能正常人在性
生活时出项的负性自动思维情况
24. Sharifi V, Mojtabai R, Ghassemzadeh H, etl. Use of
the Persian language version of the Automatic Thoughts
Questionnaire (ATQ) in depressed Iranian women.
Depress Anxiety. 2008,25(5):35-8.
ATQ - P在波斯的研制和应用
Articles
25. Shyh Shin Wong. The Relations of Cognitive Triad,
Dysfunctional Attitudes, Automatic Thoughts, and
Irrational Beliefs with Test Anxiety. Current Psychology,
2008,27(3)
研究认知三联征在学生考试中焦虑情况
26 .Lex C, Meyer TD, Marquart B, etl. No strong evidence
for abnormal levels of dysfunctional attitudes, automatic
thoughts, and emotional information-processing biases in
remitted bipolar I affective disorder. Psychol Psychother.
2008 ,81(Pt 1):1-13.
负性自动思维与认知功能及情感信息处理偏倚在双
极性精神障碍病人的身上并没有明显的相关性
Articles
27. Nobre PJ, Pinto-Gouveia J. Cognitions,
emotions, and sexual response: analysis of
the relationship among automatic thoughts,
emotional responses, and sexual arousal.
Arch Sex Behav. 2008 ,37(4):652-61.
负性自动思维与情绪反映、认知及性唤起有
相关性
Articles
28. Muris P, Mayer B, den Adel M, etl. Predictors of
change following cognitive-behavioral treatment of
children with anxiety problems: a preliminary
investigation on negative automatic thoughts and
anxiety control. Child Psychiatry Hum Dev.
2009,40(1):139-51.
在2-12岁的儿童身上发现,焦虑与
负性自动思维亦有相关性。
Articles
29.Peter Muris, Birgit Mayer,Madelon den Adel.
Predictors of Change Following CognitiveBehavioral Treatment of Children with Anxiety
Problems: A Preliminary Investigation on
Negative Automatic Thoughts and Anxiety.
Control Child Psychiatry and Human
Development, 2009,40(1)
•通过认知行为干预改善儿童焦虑症,效果
良好
ATQ研制(80)
应用
新ATQ
信效度检测
结合DAS
应用
抑郁
应用
抑郁
抑郁
各类精
神障碍
紧张性
头痛
焦虑
性功能
HAT
97
不同语种
CATS
2002
ATQ-P
ATQ-RP
94
检测
检测
应用
新语种
抑焦 其 荷
郁虑 它 兰
日
本
应用
抑焦
郁虑
土 中
耳 国
其 A
A T
T Q
Q 01
92
挪
威
A
T
Q
04
波
斯
A
T
Q
08
Conclusion
1.自动思维伴随认知心理学而产生
2.自动思维的发展不仅关注在负性自动思维,
同时积极性思维也得以主见受到关注和发
展
3.自动思维的进步借助自动思维问卷体现
4.自动思维的发展的方向是不断拓展新领域
5.自动思维的发展在各国主见得到重视,但
起步阶段不一
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自动思维研究进展-宋江艳