Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For IAEVG
Children
PARENTS AS FAMILY VOCATIONAL
ADVISORS FOR CHILDREN
International
Conference
2009
Jyväskylä,
Finland
June 3-5,
2009
Anna Paszkowska-Rogacz
LLLGrundtvig 1
Project
Nr 230256CP-1-2006-1PLGrundtvig-G1
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> Project partners
Academy of Management in Lodz (Poland) – coordinator
die Berater ( Austria)
Training2000 (Italy)
University of Oradea (Romania)
Institute for Education, Ltd. (Slovakia)
Supercomputing Centre of Galicia (Spain)
Catalan Association for Multipurpose Training „Baobab” (Spain)
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> Conceptual framework
Family Influences on Career:
•
parental attachment (Ketterson & Blustein, 1997; Ryan, Solberg,
& Brown, 1996)
•
parental support (Wall, Covell, & MacIntyre, 1999)
•
family dynamics (Penick & Jepsen, 1992)
•
vocational aspiration and achievement (Rainey & Borders, 1997)
•
career decisiveness (Lopez & Andrews, 1987)
•
career exploration (Felsman & Blustein, 1999; Kracke, 1997)
•
career commitment (Blustein, Walbridge, Friedlander, & Palladino,
1991)
•
career self-efficacy (O'Brien, 1996)
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> Conceptual framework
Studies of activities undertaken by parents in
career-development programs:
• Increases in adolescents' sense of agency regarding career
(Kush & Cochran, 1993)
• Parental bonding and career maturity
(Palmer & Cochran, 1988)
• Career-development activities in the family
(Young & Friesen, 1992; Young, Friesen, & Pearson, 1988)
Career project
(Young, Valach, & Collin, 1996)
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> Conceptual framework
Who is the best counsellor for you? Parents and students opinion
(Kubicka, 2005, Poland)
Who helps?
Students
Parents
N
%
N
%
Professional
career counsellor
15
14
65
71
Parents
68
64
0
0
Teacher
3
3
12
13
Friend
15
14
3
3
Priest
1
1
0
0
Another person
5
5
1
1
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> Aims of the project
• increase awareness of parents that they are important cell in the
chain of their children career choice
• broadening parents’ knowledge: how to help their own child in
choosing the career path
• empowerment of the peer-parents consultations role in parents
education
• reducing stress among young people that results from making a
difficult decision concerning the choice of career
• improving communication between children and their parents
• encouraging constant cooperation in the field of professional
orientation between personal counsellors at
schools and
parents of pupils
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> Target groups
•
parents of young people who face the choice of making a
decision concerning the direction of their vocational education
•
young people facing the choice of vocational education
•
career counsellors working at schools and school teachers
who provide their pupils with career counselling
•
training companies
•
universities
•
researchers
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> Results of the project
•
30-hour-long training available on CD-Rom
together with methodical materials for the
people who teach the course and materials for
the participants of the course
•
thematic communicational platform addressed
to parents as a tool for non-formal education
about helping child in making a decision
concerning the choice of profession
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> The content of the training
•
How to get to know your own child?: his/her
talents; his/her interests; his/her hierarchy of
values, his/her personality
•
How to help a child in making occupational
decisions through education?: setting aims in
a proper way; constructing plans and their
realization; coping with objectively and
subjectively difficult situations
•
How to make use of the determinants of family environment and its
occupational genetic diagram when planning the career of a child?
•
How to establish contact with the child and facilitate mutual
communication in the key moments in the course of making occupational
decisions by him/her?
•
Where to search for the necessary information: institutions, web pages,
literature connected with this issue
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> Thematic communicational platform for parents
http://parents.cesga.es
•
The place where parents can exchange their experience
in a less formal way
•
The parents can learn from each other, without the trainer
in-between
•
Information included:
 self-study exercises
.
 model solution examples in case studies
 a set of questions that career assistants are most
often asked by parents (FAQ)
 thematic forums for parents
 recommended readings
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> Example of case studies page
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> Example of self-study exercise
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> Example of FAQs
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>> Continuation of the project: http://www.parentsvoctrainers.eu
Manual for parents
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>> Continuation of the project: http://www.parentsvoctrainers.eu
Manual for consellors (CD)
Conact person:
Monika Kurzawa:
mkurzawa@swspiz.pl
Academy of Management in
Lodz (Poland)
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> References
Blustein, D. L., Walbridge, M. M., Friedlander, M. L. & Palladino, D. E. (1991). Contributions to
psychological separation and parental attachment to the career development process. Journal
of Counseling Psychology, 38, 39-50. (1991-16967-001)
Felsman, D. E. & Blustein, D. L. (1999). The role of peer relatedness in late adolescent career
development. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 54, 279-295. (1999-13139-004)
Ketterson, T. U. & Blustein, D. L. (1997). Attachment relationships and the career exploration
process. Career Development Quarterly, 46, 167-178. (1997-38706-006)
Kracke, B. (1997). Parental behaviors and adolescents' career exploration. Career Development
Quarterly, 45, 341-350. (1997-05198-004).
Kubicka, P. (2005). Oczekiwania klientów wobec doradztwa zawodowego[Client Expectanies about
Career Counselling]. Nieopublikowana praca magisterska [Unpublished Master Thesis],
University of Lodz.
Kush, K. & Cochran, L. (1993). Enhancing a sense of agency through career planning. Journal of
Counseling Psychology, 40, 424-439.
Lopez, F. G. & Andrews, S. (1987). Career indecision: A family systems perspective. Journal of
Counseling and Development, 65, 304-307. (1987-17100-001)
O'Brien, K. M. (1996). The influence of psychological separation and parental attachment on the
career development of adolescent women. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 28, 257-274.
Palmer, S. & Cochran, L. (1988). Parents as agents of career development. Journal of Counseling
Psychology, 35, 71-76. (1988-21841-001).
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
>>> References
Penick, N. I. & Jepsen, D. A. (1992). Family functioning and adolescent career development. Career
Development Quarterly, 40, 208-222. (1992-23091-001)
Rainey, L. M. & Borders, L. D. (1997). Influential factors in career orientation and career aspiration of
early adolescent girls. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 44, 160-172. (1997-08136-005)
Ryan, N. E., Solberg, V. S. & Brown, S. D. (1996). Family dysfunction, parental attachment, and
career search self-efficacy among community college students. Journal of Counseling
Psychology, 43, 84-89. (1996-00407-009)
Wall, J., Covell, K. & MacIntyre, P. D. (1999). Implications of social supports for adolescents'
education and career aspirations. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 31, 63-71. (199913541-001)
Young, R. A. & Friesen, J. D. (1992). The intentions of parents in influencing the career development
of their children. Career Development Quarterly, 40, 198-207. (1992-23117-001)
Young, R. A., Friesen, J. D. & Pearson, H. M. (1988). Activities and interpersonal relations as
dimensions of behavior in the career development of adolescents. Youth & Society, 20, 29-45.
Young, R. A., Valach, L., Ball, J., Paseluikho, M. A., Wong, Y. S., DeVries, R. J., McLean, H., Turkel, H.
(2001). Career Development in Adolescence as a Family Project, Journal of Counseling
Psychology, 00220167, 2001, 48, 190-202.
Young, R. A., Valach, L. & Collin, A. (1996). A contextual explanation of career. In D. Brown & L.
Brooks (Eds.), Career choice and development (3rd ed., pp. 477–512). San Francisco: JosseyBass.
Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children
Thank you for time and attention!
E-mail: paszkow@uni.lodz.pl
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Parents As Family Vocational Advisors For Children