April 8, 2011 Lori DePrete Brown Sharon Younkin Introductions (15 minutes) Icebreaker (15 minutes) Overview (20 minutes) ◦ Happiness (Sharon) ◦ Flow (Lori) Group Discussion (45 minutes) ◦ Key questions about two posted articles Wrap up/What’s happening next (15 minutes) ◦Share with your small groups an experience you have had with happiness and flow in relation to your work. Happiness= Life satisfaction + Coping resources + Positive emotions Authentic happiness is facilitated by the development and practice of character virtues such as: ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ kindness gratitude curiosity playfulness humor open-mindedness hope optimism We measure happiness in moments, sorrows and difficulties typically in longer spans of time This, however, does not alter the fact that each moment of happiness, no matter how fleeting, increases our resilience and in turn gives us the resources necessary to navigate through life’s difficulties Moving through difficulties also can allow for the personal growth that in turn contributes to the development of critical factors necessary for increasing happiness. Key points: ◦ Broaden and Build Theory Positive emotions allow us to broaden our ability to deal with difficulty and enhance our resilience. The beneficial effects of positive emotions build over time. ◦ It’s not a zero sum game Positive emotions benefit us regardless of negative emotions and life challenges. Recognizing our small, fleeting moments of joy results in meaningful benefits to our well being and resilience. Pursue intrinsic goals and values for their own sake ◦ ◦ ◦ ◦ Personal growth Relationships Community involvement Health and well being VS. extrinsic goals like wealth, fame, image and power Behave in autonomous, volitional or consensual ways Be mindful and act with a sense of awareness Satisfy your basic psychological needs for competency, relatedness and autonomy Relatedness: ◦ Deep, reciprocal, valued relationships with others Money: ◦ Beyond our ability to meet basic needs, money does not buy happiness ◦ Where money can help: Experiential purchases can add to happiness, material purchases rarely do. However, money is not required for positive experiential endeavors Conversation: ◦ Decrease small talk, increase substantive conversation Time… “Time Affluence” ◦ Time is required in order to engage in activities that promote personal growth, connection with others, and community involvement ◦ Having a sense of time abundance is more important to happiness than a sense of financial abundance. ◦ Increased time affluence increases mindfulness and flow “Time Poverty” ◦ Time poverty can negatively affect happiness by: Lowering physical health Reducing civic engagement Limiting family and relational involvement Inhibiting “flow” Reducing mindfulness “Take Back Your Time” ◦ Organizational movement to address time poverty in a collective fashion. ◦ www.timeday.org Three critical factors for a happy workplace ◦ Equity Respectful and dignified treatment Fairness Security ◦ Achievement Pride in company Empowerment/autonomy Feedback challenge ◦ Camaraderie Positive connections with colleagues Employees have higher levels of subjective well being when they choose their behaviors, feel efficacious and successful, and when they feel connected to colleagues. Work hours are negatively correlated with life satisfaction. Workplaces considering “time affluence” as a means of employee compensation can significantly increase employee well being. The Journal of Business Ethics suggests that addressing employee’s experience of time affluence is an important ethical business practice. Happiness and flow are deeply related “Flow” experiences, like happiness, are frequently identified in retrospect, not in the moment. ◦ Similarly, the happiness we experience when we are in flow is typically recognized after we’ve moved through the flow experience. Flow is enjoyable, and feelings of enjoyment contribute to happiness and resilience. Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi’s seminal works about flow: ◦ Flow: The Psychology of Optimal Experience ◦ Finding Flow: The Psychology of Engagement in Everyday Life ◦ Creativity: Flow and the Psychology of Discovery and Invention ◦ Optimal Experience: Psychological Studies of Flow in Consciousness Identify one thing from either reading that you can immediately apply to your work Locus of control: what can you do to increase the likelihood of a flow state and/or happy moments occurring? Compare/contrast happiness and flow When you think about experiences that helped you grow, are they experiences of happiness and flow, or are they experiences of suffering and sorrow? Do the frameworks of happiness and flow have a place for suffering and sorrow? If not, should they? Consultation Sessions with Rick Foster and Greg Hicks, authors of Happiness & Health ◦ Thursday, May 5 Day long workshop (includes lunch) facilitated by Rick and Greg ◦ Friday, May 6 The book: ◦ Happiness & Health: Nine Choices That Unlock the Powerful Connection Between the Two things We Want Most The BLE!! We hope you have gained at least one tool to increase your opportunities for flow, happiness, and well-being.