presents
ETHICS
& the Law
BY LARRY CHONKO, PH.D.
THE UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS AT ARLINGTON
HIPPOCRATIC OATH IN MEDICINE
“I will follow that
system of regimen
which, according to
my ability and
judgment, I consider
for the benefit of my
patients, and abstain
from whatever is
deleterious and
mischievous.”
ETHICS & THE LAW
LAW
A consistent set of
universal rules that
are widely published,
generally accepted
and usually enforced
ETHICS & THE LAW
TERMS IN THE DEFINITION OF LAW
Consistent
Universal
Published
Accepted
Enforced
ETHICS & THE LAW
ETHICS DEFINED
The term, ethics,
comes from the
Greek ethos
(meaning character
and the Latin mores
(meaning custom)
ETHICS & THE LAW
ETHICS CHARACTERISTICS
Ethics involve learning what is right and
wrong and then doing the right thing.
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Most ethical decisions have
long-term consequences
multiple alternatives
mixed outcomes
uncertain consequences
personal implications
ETHICS & THE LAW
LEGAL VS. ETHICS
To each person an equal share
To each person according to need
To each person according to effort
To each person according to contribution
To each person according to merit
To each person according to free market exchanges
ETHICS & THE LAW
WHY ETHICS AND NOT JUST THE LAW
New ethical problems arise
Technology advances
Societal expectations change
Science evolves
Ethical problems not anticipated by existing codes of conduct are
not explicitly stated in laws or rules
ETHICS & THE LAW