Evidence-Based Practices
What Does it Mean to be Evidence Based?
Evidence Based is Easy to Say,
but it’s Hard to Do
 Evidence-based practices are becoming a requirement in
corrections. Unfortunately, the term "evidence based"
has been claimed by many programs that do not in fact
meet the criteria for evidence based practices.
 Many parenting education and skills training interventions
have been developed, but few have been tested in a
scientifically rigorous fashion.
The Kaufman Best Practices Project
What is “Evidence Based?”
 Have a sound theoretical base in generally accepted psychological principles
indicating that it would be effective in treating at least some problems of the
 Are generally accepted in practice as appropriate for the population.
 Have at least one randomized controlled study indicating its efficacy.
 Have a book, manual or other writings available to professionals that
specifies the components of the program and how to conduct it.
 Can be delivered by typical professionals who have received a reasonable
level of training and supervision in its use.
 Can be delivered in common settings with a reasonable degree of fidelity to
the program principles and elements.
Parenting Inside Out
meets the criteria for an
evidence based program.
Based on Accepted Principles
 Children of incarcerated parents are at increased risk for antisocial behavior
problems that can lead to criminal behavior (Eddy & Reid, 2001; Eddy &
Poehlmann, 2010).
 Parenting Inside Out began with a comprehensive review of studies on the
psychosocial treatment of conduct disordered children and adolescents
(Brestan & Eyberg, 1998).
 Only two interventions were found to meet stringent criteria for a "wellestablished" intervention that has been proven to make a significant
difference in child behavior, and both were variants of Parent Management
Training (PMT) (Forgatch & Martinez, 1998; Eddy, 2006).
PMT is at the core of Parenting Inside Out.
Generally Accepted Practice for the
 Criminal justice involved parents frequently have errors in their
thinking about their role as a parent.
 Cognitive restructuring has been demonstrated to help
offenders change their thinking.
 Parenting Inside Out uses cognitive behavioral theory to directly
address parents' errors in thinking and to help them form
appropriate parenting and prosocial citizen behaviors.
Parenting Inside Out is informed by Cognitive Behavioral Practices.
Randomized Controlled Study
 $2.1 million randomized controlled study funded by the National
Institute of Mental Health.
 Conducted by researchers from the Oregon Social Learning Center.
 359 mothers and fathers (41% racial minority) followed from 18 months
pre-release to 18 months post-release.
 Looked at factors from parent-child relationships, parent-caregiver
relationships and depression, to rearrest and substance abuse rates.
Largest study ever done on a parenting program for this population.
Manualized Curriculum
 Comprehensive curriculum manual for Parenting Coaches that is a script to
guide program delivery.
 Supplementary Coach manual that provides information on how to work
within an institution, potential behavioral issues, and tips for extending
 Complete set of student materials that can be reproduced for use in class.
 Ongoing access to Master Coaches for continuous Coach improvement.
Parenting Inside Out is designed for delivery with high fidelity.
 Comprehensive three-day training program:
Theory and background of program design
Curriculum demonstrations
Classroom management
Learner practice, role play and presentations
Evidence based training ensures high fidelity program delivery.
Deliverable in Multiple Settings
Four Versions of Parenting Inside Out:
Prison-90 – 90 hours of curriculum in an institutional setting
Prison-60 – 60 hours of curriculum in an institutional setting
Community – 48 hours of curriculum appropriate in an community setting
Jail – 20 hours of curriculum to accommodate short periods of incarceration
Parenting Inside Out meets parent’s needs wherever they are.
Parenting Inside Out:
An evidence based parent
management training
program for criminal justice
involved parents.