Managers promote stability while leaders press for change, and
only organizations that embrace both sides of that
contradiction can thrive in turbulent times.
--John P. Kotter, “What Leaders Really Do”
Outline:
•3 Dimensions
•Analysis of examples
1: Orientation to the Future
Management
Leadership
Planning and Budgeting
Setting a Direction
•
Goal: Managing complexity
•
•
Setting goals for the shortterm future
Goal: Leading to
constructive change
•
Developing vision for moredistant future, along with
strategies for producing
changes
2: Developing Capacity to Achieve Plans
Management
Leadership
•
Organizing and staffing
•
Aligning people
•
Creating an organizational
structure, set of jobs,
staffing, communicating
and delegating
•
Communicating direction
to those who can create
coalitions committed to
achievement of vision
3: Assuring Plan Accomplishment
Management
Leadership
Controlling and ProblemSolving:
Motivating and Inspiring:
•
•
•
•
Monitoring results
Identifying deviations
Problem-solving
•
Keeping people moving in
right direction
Appealing to human
needs, values, emotions
Example 1: Focus on Management
Management:
 Planning and Budgeting
 Organizing and Staffing
 Controlling and ProblemSolving
Example 2: Focus on Leadership
Leadership:
 Setting a Direction
 Aligning People
 Motivating and
Inspiring
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Kotter Presentation