Integrating Statistics in Development
PLANNING
National Economic and Development Authority
Philippines
18 June 2014
High Level Seminar and Workshop on ACSS Strategic Plan 2016-202
Hotel Salak, Bogor Indonesia
Planning
The rational process of
identifying and defining the
best manner with which to
achieve certain goals with the
available means.
Steps in Planning
Plan Formulation
Situation Analysis and
Problem Identification
Monitoring
and Evaluation
Goal, Objective and Target
Setting
Plan
Implementation
Policy and Strategy
Formulation
Program/
Project Identification
Investment
Programming
Steps in Planning
Plan Formulation
Situation Analysis and
Problem Identification
Goal, Objective and Target
Setting
Policy and Strategy
Formulation
Program/
Project Identification
Analysis of current situation
•Describe the overall condition
•Problems
•Opportunities
•Constraints
•Potentials
•Factors influencing the
above items
Steps in Planning
Plan Formulation
Situation Analysis and
Problem Identification
Goal, Objective and Target
Setting
Policy and Strategy
Formulation
Program/
Project Identification
Problem situations
•Unacceptable outcomes
•Economic
•Social
•Political
•Environmental
•Demographic
•Identify the root cause of the
problem
•Prioritize the problems - gravity,
extent of negative impacts,
number of people affected
Steps in Planning
Plan Formulation
Situation Analysis and
Problem Identification
Goal, Objective and Target
Setting
Policy and Strategy
Formulation
Program/
Project Identification
General goal and specific
objectives
•Based on the identified
problems
•Improve the situation
Targets
•Quantified goals and objectives
Steps in Planning
Plan Formulation
Situation Analysis and
Problem Identification
Goal, Objective and Target
Setting
Policy and Strategy
Formulation
Program/
Project Identification
Policies and Strategies
•Intervention points as pointed
out by the factors causing the
problem
•Appropriateness of policies and
strategies depends on
comprehensiveness of the
situation analysis
Steps in Planning
Plan Formulation
Situation Analysis and
Problem Identification
Goal, Objective and Target
Setting
Policy and Strategy
Formulation
Program/
Project Identification
Programs and Projects
•Translation of the policies
and strategies
•Scope of programs and
projects depends on the same
set of determinants of the
problem
Steps in Planning
Investment Programming and
Budgeting
•Resource generation and
resources allocation
•Where to get funds
•How much is needed
•Which activities to fund
•Support activities that generate
maximum benefits and wide
coverage of needy beneficiaries
Monitoring
and Evaluation
Plan
Implementation
Investment
Programming
Steps in Planning
Plan Implementation
•Implement the plan in
coordination with other
institutions
•Government
•Private organizations
•Community organizations
•No overlap of activities and
functions
•Minimize waste of resources
Monitoring
and Evaluation
Plan
Implementation
Investment
Programming
Steps in Planning
Plan Monitoring and
Evaluation
•Goals and objectives are attained as
programmed
•Resources are efficiently utilized
•Policies and programs are
appropriately identified
•Intended direct impacts of
programs and projects are achieved
•Target beneficiaries are reached
•Unintended impacts are identified
Monitoring
and Evaluation
Plan
Implementation
Investment
Programming
Steps in Planning
“re-calibrate if an element
of the plan is not met
Plan Formulation
Situation Analysis and
Problem Identification
Monitoring
and Evaluation
Goal, Objective and Target
Setting
Plan
Implementation
Policy and Strategy
Formulation
Program/
Project Identification
Investment
Programming
Potential Gains from Improved
Development Planning
• Greater effectiveness of development policies
and programs/projects
Hmm…policies/programs/projects…
Will I choose one or a combination of
two or more will do good?
What will be the direct/indirect
impacts? Any unintended
consequences
Potential Gains from Improved
Development Planning
• Greater efficiency in resource allocation
What are the direct and
indirect costs and
benefits?
Who should be
responsible for what?
Potential Gains from Improved
Development Planning
• Greater equity
Who are the target population?
How many are they?
Where are they?
What is the extent of their
problem?
Are they reached by government
intervention?
Key Words For Integrating Statistics
in Development Planning
INTENDED DIRECT
IMPACT
BENEFICIARIES ARE
REACHED
TARGETS ARE
ATTAINED
PRUDENT FOREIGN
BORROWING
PROBLEMS
APPROPRIATE
WIDER VIEW
POTENTIAL
OPPORTUNITIES
RATIONAL PROCESS
COORDINATION
MINIMIZE WASTE
CONSTRAINTS
NEGATIVE IMPACT
ROOT CAUSE
RE-CALIBRATION
POTENTIALS
POSSIBLE AREA
MAXIMUM BENEFIT COVERAGE
UNACCEPTABLE
OUTCOMES
NUMBER OF
AFECTED PEOPLE
INTERVENTION
POINTS
OVERLAPPING
ACTIVITIES
EFFECTIVENESS
EFFICIENCY
EQUITY
DECISION
PRIORITIZE THE
PROBLEMS
QUANTIFIED
TARGET
SCOPE OF
PROGRAMS &
PROJECTS
AVAILABLE
DOMESTIC
RESOURCES
GRAVITY OF THE
PROBLEM
COMPREHENSIVE
ANALYSIS
RESOURCE
GENERATION
RESOURCE
ALLOCATION
FRAMEWORK FOR DEVELOPMENT
PLANNING APPROACH
A General Perspective
Development
Intervention
Development
Policy/
Strategy/Program
/ Project (Y)
Population Policy
Strategy/Program
/Project (X)
A VIEW OF HOW THE
REAL WORLD
BEHAVES
Development
Outcomes
Y
Population
Outcomes
Population
Processes
X
Development
Processes
Development
Outcomes
Desired
Development
Outcomes
Framework for Development Planning: Analyzing
Interactions at the Household Level
Community Environment
-Agricultural &
Natural resource base
External Factors
Social, Economic
and Environmental
Development
Projects:
Other sources of
change
-Structure of market &
price of factor inputs
and products
Household
Characteristics
- physical, social and
economic infrastructure
- social structure and
organization
-Physical assets
-Human capital
-Size, age-sex
composition of
members
- population size
and age-sex
composition
Source: Herrin, 1983
HOUSEHOLD
DECISIONS
-Savings &
consumption
-Investment in
physical & human
capital
-Labor utilization
-Fertility
-migration
Integrating Statistics in Development
PLANNING
National Economic and Development Authority
Philippines
18 June 2014
High Level Seminar and Workshop on ACSS Strategic Plan 2016-202
Hotel Salak, Bogor Indonesia