Dr. Katharine Kolcaba
The Comfort Theory1
Comfort Theory
Dr. Kolcaba’s theory was deliberated in women with third stage breast cancer
undergoing radiation and chemotherapies1.
Kolcaba’s target audiences for her theory were1:
Gerontological Nursing1
Holistic Nursing1
Mental Health Nursing1
Nursing Research and Theory1
Palliative and Hospice Nursing1
Long Term Care Facilities1
Spiritual Care1
Theory Development
Conducted a concept analysis of comfort3.
The three types of comfort (relief, ease, transcendence) and four contexts of holistic
human experience3.
Taxonomic structure to guide for assessment3.
Comfort as a product of holistic nursing3.
A broader theory for comfort was introduced3.
Theory Description
Nursing is described as the process of assessing the patient’s comfort needs, developing
and implementing appropriate nursing interventions, and evaluating patient comfort
following nursing interventions3,4.
Health is considered to be optimal functioning3,4.
Person/Patient can be considered as individuals, families, institutions, or communities
in need of health care3,4.
Environment is anything that can be manipulated by a nurse, or loved one to enhance
What does comfort mean by Webster
-a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain
-a feeling of freedom from worry or disappointment2
-the act of consoling; giving relief in affliction2
-give moral or emotional strength to2
-lessen pain or discomfort; alleviate2
Comfort as a Whole
Relief, Ease, Transcendence
Comfort Types
Relief- the state of having a specific
comfort need met4,5.
Ease- the state of calm or
Transcendence- the state in which one
can rise above problems or pain4,5.
Contexts of Comfort
Conceptual Framework for
Comfort Theory
Comfort Theory in
Relation to my Profession
I chose the comfort theory because comfort of the patient or client promotes well being
and a quicker recovery.
In my current career, we have tried white boards to evaluate a patients’ comfort/pain
I’ve thought as well about a career change into hospice and thought that educating
myself more on the comfort theory my help me in this new career change.
1. http://libguides.twu.edu/content.php:pid=387632
2. Merriam-Webster. (2013). Retrieved from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/comfort
3. Kolcaba, K. (2011). Comfort Theory. Retrieved from
4. Kolcaba, K., Tilton, C., & Drouin, C. (2006). Comfort theory: A unifying framework
to enhance the practice environment. The Journal of Nursing Administration, 36(11), 538-544.
Retrieved from http://www.thecomfortline.com/files/pdfs/2006%20%20Comfort%20Theory%20A%20unifying%20framework%20to%20enhance%20the%20practice%20envir
5. March, A. & McCormack, D. (2009). Nursing theory-directed healthcare, modifying kolcaba’s comfort theory
as an institution-wide approach. Wolters Kluwer Health. Doi: 10.1097/HNP.OBO13e3281a1105b

Final theory presentation