Google Scholar Metrics: A New Tool for Faculty to Track Their Publication Citations Fu Zhuo Research & Liaison Librarian University of Missouri – Kansas City November 7, 2014 Maryville, Missouri Google Scholar Metrics Overview and How It Works A tool to find most noticeable and significant scholarly publications in a certain subject field. Top 100 publications in 9 languages are listed in an order by their fiveyear h-index and h-median metrics with highest numbers coming out first. Anyone can browse publications in a specific area of research. Select one of the areas in the left column. (e.g. Social Sciences > Subcategories > Educational Administration > “Education and Urban Society”.) However, browsing feature is only for English language so far. Anyone can search for specific publications in all languages by words in their titles. Current list of publications were based on its index in June 2014. What Is h-Index? “The h-index of a publication is the largest number h such that at least h articles in that publication were cited at least h times each. For example, a publication with five articles cited by, respectively, 17, 9, 6, 3, and 2, has the h-index of 3.” Accessed from source Google Scholar Metric “Available metrics” November 4, 2014 What Is h-Score? “The h-core of a publication is a set of top cited h articles from the publication. These are the articles that the h-index is based on. For example, the publication above has the h-core with three articles, those cited by 17, 9, and 6.” Accessed from source Google Scholar Metric “Available metrics” November 4, 2014 What Is h-Median? “The h-median of a publication is the median of the citation counts in its h-core. For example, the h-median of the publication above is 9. The hmedian is a measure of the distribution of citations to the articles in the h-core.” Accessed from source Google Scholar Metric “Available metrics” November 4, 2014 What Is Included? Articles published between 2009 and 2013 and the metrics are based on citations from all articles indexed in Google Scholar in June 2014 including citations from articles that are not themselves covered by Scholar Metrics: 1. Journal articles from websites that follow their inclusion guidelines; selected conference articles in Computer Science and Electrical Engineering; preprints from arXiv, SSRN, NBER and RePEC - for these sites, they compute metrics for individual collections, e.g., "arXiv Superconductivity (cond-mat.supr-con)" or "CEPR Discussion Papers". Accessed from source Google Scholar Metric “Available metrics” November 4, 2014 What Is Not Included? Currently excluded: court opinions, patents, books, and dissertations; publications with fewer than 100 articles published between 2009 and 2013; publications that received no citations to articles published between 2009 and 2013. Accessed from source Google Scholar Metric “Available metrics” November 4, 2014 Why Using Google Scholar Metrics? Find most popular scholarly publications based on citations and h5-index to publish new research results. Following latest research trends in a certain field from citations. Track citations of his/her articles in other scholarly publications by clicking on its h-index number to view the articles and the citations underlying the metrics. Identify which scholarly publication has higher h5-index number and thus publishing there may result in more visibility and impact. Get familiar with a comprehensive list in a certain subject area and provide guidance to both novice and productive authors Top 10 Publications in Educational Psychology & Counseling Title h5-Index h5-median Impact Factor Acceptance Rate Journal of Educational Psychology 52 74 2.909 17% Journal of Counseling Psychology 41 49 2.955 18% Learning and Individual Differences 38 47 2.158 40% Contemporary Educational Psychology 32 48 3.159 15% Educational Psychology Review 31 50 2.846 11-20% Psychology in the schools 31 38 0.566 20% Educational Psychologist 30 57 4.844 21-30% School Psychology Review 30 42 2.82 7-15% British Journal of Educational Psychology 29 45 2.25 11-20% Journal of School Psychology 28 37 3.470 11-20% Data accessed from Google Scholar Metrics, Cabell's Directory of Publishing Opportunities and each individual journal website 11-5-2014. Journal of Educational Psychology Accessed Google Scholar Metrics “Journal of Educational Psychology November 4, 32014. Useful Notes and Tips H-index is just one of the ways to evaluate significance of a scholarly publication. Their ranking is based on h index not impact factors. Publications are citation-based, not impact or significance based. Social Sciences and Humanities are not covered in the top English 100 scholarly publications. Perhaps Google Scholar can list their respective top 100 publications. Currently, only 20 publications are listed each under humanities and social sciences. Journal acceptance rates are not shown. That information is also useful for any new authors such as undergraduate or graduate students. Useful Notes and Tips Continued Only 9-language publications listed. Chinese language scholarly publications do not include those from Taiwan or Singapore. No explanation is given to tell readers whether a language publications include a certain country or countries. But English publications cover both American and British journals. A large number of articles from smaller publications are not listed in Google Scholar Metrics and they have values too. Searching full title works better. Abbreviated title may not result in anything or something different from what you need unless the title itself is an abbreviation. Only some open access journals are included, such as SSRN (Social Science Research Network) and PloS One (Public Library of Science). Summary Google Scholar Metrics is an useful tool. Potential authors can use it to find out which scholarly publication has more visibility and influence in a certain field based on h-index. Other authors can use it to track citations of his/her scholarly publications. However, for those who wish to publish, it would be also helpful to check acceptance rate from Cabell's Directory of Publishing Opportunities, impact factor numbers from Journal Citation Reports and Web of Science for citation numbers. In the end, librarians should alert their patrons the limitations when recommending Google Scholar Metrics so that other tools such as Cabell's Directory of Publishing Opportunities, Journal Citation Report, or Scopus can be used to find publication opportunities, influence of a publication, and citation information of a certain article. Thank You Questions? Bibliography Delgado-López-Cózar, E., & Cabezas-Clavijo, Á. (2012). Google scholar metrics: An unreliable tool for assessing scientific journals. Profesional De La Informacion, 21(4), 419-427. doi:10.3145/epi.2012.jul.15 Delgado-López-Cózar, E., & Cabezas-Clavijo, Á. (2013). Ranking journals: Could google scholar metrics be an alternative to journal citation reports and scimago journal rank? Learned Publishing, 26(2), 101-114. doi:10.1087/20130206 Ebrahim, N. A., Salehi, H., Embi, M. A., Danaee, M., Mohammadjafari, M., Zavvari, A., . . . Shahbazi-Moghadam, M. (2014). Equality of google scholar with web of science citations: Case of malaysian engineering highly cited papers. Modern Applied Science, 8(5), 63. Jacsó, P. (2012). Google scholar metrics for publications. Online Information Review, 36(4), 604-619. doi:10.1108/14684521211254121 Jacsó, P. (2012). Google scholar metrics for publications: The software and content features of a new open access bibliometric service. Online Information Review, 36(4), 604-619. doi:10.1108/14684521211254121 Jacsó, P. (2013). The need for end-user customization of the journal-sets of the subject categories in the SCImago journal ranking database for more appropriate league lists. A case study for the library & information science field. Profesional De La Informacion, 22(5), 459-473. doi:10.3145/epi.2013.sep.12 Bibliography Khurshid, Z. (2014). Measuring the quality of contributions of saudi authors to LIS journals using journal impact factor (JIF), SCImago journal rank (SJR), and google scholar metrics (GSM). The Serials Librarian, 67(1), 81. López-Cózar, E. D., & Robinson-García, N. (2012). Repositories in google scholar metrics or what is this document type doing in a place as such? Cybermetrics, 16(1) López-Cózar, E. D., Robinson-García, N., & Torres-Salinas, D. (2014). The google scholar experiment: How to index false papers and manipulate bibliometric indicators. Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 65(3), 446. Orduña-Malea, E., & Delgado López-Cózar, E. (2014). Google scholar metrics evolution: An analysis according to languages. Scientometrics, 98(3), 2353-2367. doi:10.1007/s11192-013-1164-8 Roales-Nieto, J. G., & O'Neill, B. (2012). A comparative study of journals quality based on web of science, scopus and google scholar: A case study with IJP&PT. International Journal of Psychology and Psychological Therapy, 12(3), 453-479.