Executive
Branch
1. In creating the office of the
President, how did the framers
guard against abuse of power?
 Few
specific powers listed in the
Constitution
 Four year terms
 Carry out laws
 Checks and balances



Appointments/decisions approved by
Congress
Impeachment/removal
Supreme Court rules actions Constitutional
or naw
1. In creating the office of the
President, how did the framers
guard against abuse of power?
 Qualifications




and Salary
35 years old
Natural born citizen
Resident for 14 years
Salary set by Congress
2. Briefly describe four of the
President’s roles.

Chief Executive




Commander-in-Chief


Decides how to carry out laws
Executive orders
Appoint officials
Leader of the armed forces
Chief Diplomat




Leads foreign policy
Makes treaties
Appoints ambassadors
Executive agreements
2. Briefly describe four of the
President’s roles.
 Legislative







Leader
Proposes legislation (ex. Obamacare)
State of the Union Address
Sets domestic policy
Shapes public opinion in support or
opposition to legislation
Veto
Prepares budget
Calls special sessions of Congress
2. Briefly describe four of the
President’s roles.
 Judicial


Powers
Appoints judges
Reduce sentencing/pardon
 Party
leader
 Chief of State


Expresses goals and values of Americans
Ceremonial duties
 Giving
medals
 Symbol of national unity
 Greets visiting leaders
3. Describe the role of the
National Security Council.
 Helps
the President make foreign policy
 Top military officers
 Government advisors
 Foreign Affairs
 National Defense
4. How does Congress exercise
influence over executive
departments?
 Senate
approves Presidential
appointments to executive departments
5. How do government
corporations differ from private
businesses?
 Provide
public services that may be too
risky or expensive for a private business to
undertake
 Ex. U.S. Postal Service
6. Why did Congress set up the
civil service system?
 Many
government positions based on
loyalty to President (friends/supporters)
 Government workers (civil servants)
selected based on merit
 Provides trained workers employed from
administration to administration
7. Describe three ways in which Presidents
can take action on their own without
consulting the other branches of government.
 Jefferson
buying the Louisiana Territory
from France
 Truman issuing executive order putting
Secretary of Commerce in charge of steel
mills
 Nixon’s break-in at the Democratic
National Committee Headquarters
8. What are some advantages and
disadvantages of the power of
Presidents to take action on their own?
 Advantages

Make quicker decisions instead of waiting
for Congressional approval
 Disadvantages



Abuse power
Commit illegal crimes
Make spontaneous decisions not wellthought out
9. Why did President Jefferson
hesitate before making the
Louisiana Purchase?
 The
Constitution did not say Presidents or
Congress could buy territory