Types of Contraception
1. Barrier contraceptives
2. Hormonal contraceptives
3. Sterilization
Note: No single method of birth control is
the “best” one. Each has its own
advantages and disadvantages.
Abstinence is the only 100% effective way
to prevent pregnancy and STD’s
Barrier Contraceptives
 Methods that physically or chemically
block sperm from reaching an egg AND
provide a BARRIER between direct skin to
skin contact
 Act as a physical block between you
and your sexual partner
 Great for STD protection!
Male Condom, Cont.
Male Condom:
 Male condoms are 82 to 98 percent effective at
preventing pregnancy
 Condoms can only be used once
 Do not use oil-based lubricants such as massage
oils, baby oil, lotions, or petroleum jelly.They
will weaken the condom, causing it to tear or
 Water-based are the best – can prevent breaking
of condom.
 Good choices: Latex condoms and polyurethane
 Bad choices: Never choose “natural” or
Female Condom
Female Condom, cont…
Female Condom:
 Female condoms are 79 to 95 percent
 Worn by the woman, this method keeps
sperm from getting into her body
 It can be inserted up to eight hours
before sexual intercourse (though not
Dental Dam
 Small, thin, square pieces of latex
 Used to keep partners' body fluids out of
each other's bodies
 Can help to prevent skin-to-skin contact
 Placed on the vulva or the anus when the
mouth, lips, or tongue are used to sexually
arouse a partner.
 Can also cut a condom open on one side
Hormonal Methods
 Methods that prevent the release of
an egg (ovulation)
 Prevents a fertilized egg from
implanting in the uterus (prevents
NO hormonal methods reduce
chances of STD’s!
Oral Contraceptives
 Also called “the pill,”
 Some contain estrogen, progestin, or mix of
other hormones depending on pill
 The pill is 91 to 99 percent effective at
preventing pregnancy.
 Prescribed by doctor
 A pill is taken at the same time each day
(once a day for three weeks, no pill fourth
week -will get menstrual period)
Birth Control Patch
 This skin patch is worn on the lower
abdomen, buttocks, or upper body
 The patch is 91 to 99 percent effective at
preventing pregnancy
 It releases hormones progestin and
estrogen into the bloodstream
 You put on a new patch once a week for
three weeks. During the fourth week, you
do not wear a patch, so you can have a
menstrual period
Vaginal Ring
 The birth control ring releases the
hormones progestin and estrogen
 It is 91 to 99 percent effective at preventing
 Ring goes inside vagina up around your
 You wear the ring for three weeks, take it
out for the week you have your period, and
then put in a new ring
 This method does not protect you from
HIV or other STDs.
Birth Control Shot
 Every 3 months (or 12 weeks), women
get shots of the hormone progestin
in the buttocks or arm from their
 It is 94 to 99 percent effective at
preventing pregnancy.
 It does not protect you from HIV or
other STDs
Emergency Contraception
 Also known as the “morning after pill”
 The pills are 75 to 89 percent effective at
preventing pregnancy
 Can be taken up to FIVE days AFTER
unprotected sex
 Effectiveness decreases after 24 hours
 Should NEVER be used as regular birth
 Emergency contraception should only be
used after no birth control was used
during sex, or if the birth control method
failed, such as if a condom broke
Intrauterine Device
 It is placed inside the uterus by a doctor.
 99% effective at preventing pregnancy
 Copper IUD: Can stay for up to 10 years
 Interferes with sperm, fertilization, and
prevents implantation
 Hormonal IUD: Can stay for up to 5 years
 It releases a small amount of hormone each day
to keep you from getting pregnant.
Vasectomy: This operation is done to
keep a man’s sperm from going to his
penis, so his ejaculate never has any
sperm in it that can fertilize an egg.
 Operation is more simple than tying a
woman’s tubes
Tubal ligation or “tying
 A woman can have her fallopian tubes
tied (or closed) to stop eggs from being
 Over time, the ends of your fallopian
tubes could fuse back together, and it
may be possible to get pregnant
 If male puts on a condom the wrong way, he should
take it off, and put it on the right way? Yes or no?
 NO!!! There could still be pre-ejaculatory semen
(WITH SPERM) on the outside, now heading to the
female….std’s and pregnancy are possible.
 Put the following in order for the best options in
reducing your chances of STD’s:
 A) Male Condom
 B) Birth Control Pill
 C) Abstinence
 Answer:
 C) Abstinence
 A) Male Condom
 ONLY, because
 B) Birth Control Pill does NOT protect against STD’s,
only pregnancy!
 True or False: A male condom can be used again
 FALSE: ONLY ONCE- them remove QUICKLY from
the female, discard, and put another condom on the
penis if he wants to continue to have sex again.
 True or False:
 Emergency contraception can be taken up to 5 days
after unprotected sex
 Emergency contraception can only be taken up to 96
hours (or 5 days) after unprotected sex
 True or False: Birth control, when used CORRECTLY
EVERY TIME, is 100% effective
 FALSE: Only ABSTINENCE is 100% effective
True or False:
 Tubal ligation is an easier procedure for females than a
vasectomy is for males
 FALSE: A vasectomy is a much more simple and safe
 Which of the following is not placed INSIDE of a
 A) Female Condom
 B) IUD
 C) Birth Control Patch
 D) Vaginal Ring
 Correct Answer:
 C) Birth Control Patch
 An IUD can last for how long (depending on what
 A) 1-4 years
 B) 1-4 months
 C) 5-10 months
 D) 5-10 years
 D) 5-10 years
Final Question
 The birth control shot must be given every _______
 A) 2
 B) 3
 C) 4
 D) 5
Final Answer
 Correct Answer:
 B) 3

Types of Contraception